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Agar and Alginate Production from Seaweed in India-BOBP/WP/69








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    Seaweed ( Gracilaria Edulis) Farming in Vadalai and Chinnapalam, India-BOBP/WP/65 1991
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    This paper describes some trials with seaweed (Gracilaria edulis) farming in the open sea. These trials were carried out between 1987 and 1990 in Vedalai and Chinnapalarn, two coastal villages in Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. The purpose of the trials was to discover whether the collectors of wild seaweed in the area could augment their income by cultivating seaweed and, thereby, also possibly preserve their natural resource, which is believed to be diminishing through over-exploit ation. The trials were undertaken by the villagers themselves, with support from the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) and the Tamil Nadu Department of Fisheries. The seaweed farming project, and this paper which reports on it, have been sponsored by BOBP’s “Small-Scale Fisherfolk Communities in the Bay of Bengal” (GCP/RAS/118/MUL), a project jointly funded by SIDA (Swedish International Development Authority) and DANIDA (Danish International Development Ageniy) and executed by FAO (Food and Ag riculture Organization of the United Nations). Parallel with the culture trials, attempts were made to introduce simple agar processing technology at village level and this is described elsewhere. That work was carried out but the Post-Harvest Fisheries project of BOBP which is funded and executed by the ODA (Overseas Development Administration) of the United Kingdom. The BOBP is a multi-agency regional fisheries programme which covers seven countries around the Bay of Bengal Bangladesh, India , Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The Programme plays a catalytic and consultative role: it develops, demonstrates and promotes new techniques, technologies or ideas to help improve the conditions of small-scale fisherfolk communities in member-countries.
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    Design and Trial of Ice Boxes for Use on Fishing Boats in Kakinada, India-BOBP/WP/67 1991
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    During 1988—89. the BOBP’s post—harvest fisheries project designed and tested an ice box for use on—board traditional fishing boats in Kakinada,Andhra Pradesh. Seven boxes were constructed and a design made of fibre reinforced plastic and polyurethane foam was found to be suitable. Information on catches and prices was obtained from these vessels to facilitate a study of technical and financial viability. When used for preserving high value fish (particularly seerfish). ice can increase inco mes by about 20%. The increased income enables the boat owner to pay for a box within one to three years. The 350 navas in Kakinada which employ a work force of over 2,000 men constitute a potential market for ice boxes. This paper describes the development of the ice box and the trials to determine technical and financial viability during 1988 and 1989. The project forms part of a wider programme to encourage the use of ice on—board fishing boats in the Bay of Bengal and improve the quality o f fish landings. The author would like to thank the Andhra Pradesh Fisheries Department both in Hyderabad and Kakinada for its assistance during the implementation of this project. In particular, he would like to thank Mr Swaminathan (Commissioner for Fisheries), Mr D Janardhana Rao (Director of Fisheries), and Mr Y Venkateswara Rao (Regional Deputy Director of Fisheries, Kakinada).Mr S B Sarma (Fisheries Inspector, Kakinada) provided invaluable assistance with local arrangements and the coll ection of data from fishermen. Special mention should be made of the co-operation from the boatyard of the APFC (Andhra Pradesh Fisheries Corporation) in Kakinada which made the ice boxes. The work on development and trials of the ice box, and this paper which describes the work, have been sponsored by BOBP’s post—harvest fisheries project. It is executed by the Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK, and funded by the ODA (Overseas Development Administration) of the United Kingdom.
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    A Study of The Performance of Selected Small Fishing Craft on the East Coast of India-BOBP/WP/74 1992
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    This paper compares the economic performance of the beachianding craft (BLC) and several other motorized and non-motorized small-scale fishing craft in three villages on the east coast of India, viz. Pentakota (Orissa), Tummelapenta (Andhra Pradesh) and Thirumullaivasal (Tamil Nadu). The relationship between the fishing operations of the different craft and various factors affecting BLC operations are also discussed. The study, conducted during 1989 through the beginning of 1990, and this pap er which reports on it, have been sponsored by the Bay of Bengal Programme’s (BOBP) Small-Scale Fisherfolk Communities in the Bay of Bengal (GCP/RAS/1l8/MUL). Assistance in conducting the study and completing this report was received from Theodore Selvaraj, Deputy Director of Fisheries (Marine), Madras (Tamil Nadu), Prabaharadu, Inspector of Fisheries, Thirumullaivasal (Tamil Nadu), Manindra Nath Ghose, Superintendent of Fisheries, Pun (Orissa), C. Ratnama Chary, Manager (Fisheries), Andhra Prad esh State Cooperative Fishermen’s Federation Limited, Kavali (Andhra Pradesh), Y. Balaramiah, Fisheries Development Officer, Andhra Pradesh State Cooperative Fishermen’s Federation Limited, Kavali (Andhra Pradesh), A. Alexander, Community Development Officer, BOBP, Thirumullaivasal, M. Venkateswar Rao, Data Collector, Pentakota, Avula Ramanaiah, Data Collector, Tummelapenta, P. Dinakara Rao, General Manager, Andhra Pradesh Fisheries Corporation Limited, Kalunada (Andhra Pradesh), V. Ramesh, Mari ne Engineer, BOBP, Madras, A. Kamilla, BOBP, Madras.

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