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The FAO Action Plan on Antimicrobial resistance 2016-2020

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    Book (stand-alone)
    The FAO Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance 2021–2025
    Supporting innovation and resilience in food and agriculture sectors
    Due to antimicrobial resistance (AMR), drug-resistant infections are placing an ever-increasing burden on human, animal, plant, and environmental health. Drug-resistant infections have the potential to become leading causes of death. AMR may force tens of millions more people into extreme poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, and the associated economic losses are projected at several percent of gross domestic product. However, we can prevent this from happening – if we act quickly. This document outlines the FAO Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance 2021–2025 which serves as a roadmap for focusing global efforts to address AMR in the food and agriculture sectors. The aim of this plan is to help accelerate progress in developing and implementing multi-sectoral National Action Plans to tackle AMR by calling attention to strategic priorities and areas of expertise for FAO support. The action plan was developed by a multidisciplinary FAO team to ensure that all relevant dimensions – including terrestrial and aquatic animal health and production, crop production, food and feed safety, genetic resources, natural resource management, risk communication, and behavior change - are considered, with attention to regulatory frameworks, standards, norm-setting and bottom-up processes of collective action. By working together, food systems, livelihoods, and economies will be better protected from the destabilizing forces of untreatable illness.
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    Plan d'Action de la FAO contre la résistance aux antimicrobiens 2016-2020
    Aider le secteur de l’alimentation et de l’agriculture à mettre en œuvre le Plan d’action mondial contre la résistance aux antimicrobiens pour en atténuer les effets
    Ce document présente le Plan d’action de la FAO contre la résistance aux antimicrobiens, qui décrit la manière dont la FAO compte appliquer la Résolution 4/2015 (Annexe 1). Le Plan a été élaboré par une équipe multidisciplinaire de la FAO pour garantir la prise en compte de toutes les dimensions perti-nentes - à savoir la production et la santé des animaux terrestres et aquatiques, la production végétale, la sécurité sanitaire des aliments, l’établissement de normes et les aspects juridiques - e t l’intégration du Plan dans le Programme stratégique de la FAO. En définissant les activités de la FAO dans le domaine de la résistance aux antimicrobiens, le Plan informe ses Membres et ses partenaires de l’approche et des objectifs de l’Organisation pour les cinq années à venir.
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    Joint FAO/OIE/WHO Expert Workshop on Non-Human Antimicrobial Usage and Antimicrobial Resistance: Scientific assessment
    Geneva, December 1 – 5, 2003
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    Antimicrobial agents are essential drugs for human and animal health and welfare. Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health concern that is impacted by both human and non-human antimicrobial usage. Antimicrobial agents are used in food animals, including from aquaculture, companion animals and horticulture to treat or prevent disease. Antimicrobial agents are sometimes used in food animals to promote growth. The types of antimicrobials used are frequently the same as, or closely rela ted to, antimicrobials used in humans.

    The expert workshop concluded that there is clear evidence of adverse human health consequences due to resistant organisms resulting from non-human usage of antimicrobials. These consequences include infections that would not have otherwise occurred, increased frequency of treatment failures (in some cases death) and increased severity of infections, as documented for instance by fluoroquinolone resistant human Salmonella infections. Evidence shows th at the amount and pattern of non-human usage of antimicrobials impact on the occurrence of resistant bacteria in animals and on food commodities and thereby human exposure to these resistant bacteria. The foodborne route is the major transmission pathway for resistant bacteria and resistance genes from food animals to humans, but other routes of transmission exist. There is much less data available on the public health impact of antimicrobial usage in aquaculture, horticulture and companion an imals.

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