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SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION REPORT - September 2000








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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION REPORT - August 2000 2000
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    Rains have been generally widespread and abundant over the main agricultural zones of the Sahel in July. They have been particularly abundant in early and mid-July over Mali and Niger, in late July/early August over Senegal, The Gambia and southern/western Mauritania, and during the entire month of July in Chad. Precipitation was more limited in Burkina Faso but improved significantly over the western half of the country in early August. Rainfall was abundant in Guinea-Bissau. Significant rains were registered on all the islands of Cape Verde in late July. Flooding was reported following heavy rains in mid July in Niger, in late July/early August in northern Senegal and Mauritania and in early August in northern Burkina Faso. Satellite images for the first dekad of August shows that cloud coverage remains present over all the agricultural zones of the Sahel. Precipitation has been particularly abundant over southern Mali and the Sahelian zone of Chad, but more limited over western and eastern Niger and southern Chad. Following these good rains, plant water needs have generally been covered and crops are developing satisfactorily. Recently planted millet and sorghum crops are emerging satisfactorily in northern Senegal, Mauritania, Niger, northern Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad. Elsewhere, crops are growing normally, except in eastern Burkina Faso where more rains are needed to prevent water stress.
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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - October 1999 1999
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    After abundant rains in mid or late August in several parts of the Sahel, rainfall decreased somewhat in September but remained generally widespread and above normal. During the first two dekads, rains were well distributed over the producing zones of the Sahel and abundant in Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Burkina Faso and Chad. However, they were more limited in Mali. During the third dekad, they stopped in north-western Senegal and central Chad but continued over all the other producing zones. Cumulative rainfall is generally normal to above normal in Burkina Faso, Chad, The Gambia, Niger and Senegal. High water levels in the Senegal and Niger rivers caused flooding, notably in Mauritania. Soil moisture reserves are adequate except in some areas in northern Senegal and Niger. Early millet and sorghum are maturing or reaching harvest stage in most productive zones. Satellite images for the first dekad of October indicate that cloud coverage continued over most producing zones of Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and Chad but diminished over Mauritania, north-eastern Burkina Faso and Niger. Precipitation remained above normal in southern and central Senegal, Mali, western Burkina Faso and southern Chad. Overall, good harvests are anticipated in most countries. Pastures are abundant and of good quality, notably in Mauritania. Pest infestations (mostly grasshoppers, blister beetles and floral insects) were reported in Cape Verde, Niger, and Senegal. A small outbreak of De sert Locusts occurred in northern Mali as a result of exceptionally good breeding conditions. Limited breeding has also been reported in Mauritania. Elsewhere, no significant developments are expected.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION REPORT - September 2001 2001
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    Following regular and widespread rains in July over the main producing areas, precipitation was generally well distributed and above normal in August in the east and the centre of the Sahel. Rains became abundant in late August in the centre and south of Burkina Faso, the south and the centre of Chad, the southwest and centre of Mali and the centre of Niger. By contrast, in the western countries, The Gambia, Mauritania and Senegal, rainfall was irregular and below normal up to mid-August. The se cond dekad of August was particularly dry and cumulative rainfall was below last year's level and below normal in these countries. However, rains improved significantly in late August and early September, notably in Guinea Bissau, The Gambia, the south and west of Senegal and Mauritania. The satellite image for the first week of September indicates that substantial rains were received over most producing areas of the Sahel. After significant and widespread rains in early August in all agricultur al islands of Cape Verde, precipitation decreased from the second dekad of August but remained widespread. Harvest prospects are favourable in Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea Bissau, Mali and Niger reflecting generally good growing conditions since July. In The Gambia, Mauritania and Senegal, crop conditions improved following increasing rains in late August/early September but more rains are needed to allow late plantings to cover their growing cycle. Pastures are developing in all pastor al zones. Infestations of grasshoppers are reported in several zones of Chad, Guinea Bissau, Niger and Senegal. Control measures are being undertaken. The Desert Locust situation remains calm.

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