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Haiti | Emergency Response Plan (March–May 2019)

Improving the livelihoods of drought-affected people










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Haiti - Humanitarian Response Plan 2017–2018
    FAO in the 2018 humanitarian appeals
    2018
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    Haiti remains affected by a convergence of humanitarian crises exacerbated by the impact of Hurricane Matthew (2016) and to a lesser extent Hurricanes Irma and Maria (2017), which have severely disrupted food production, impacting overall food security. Agriculture and livestock in Haiti – particularly the dairy sector – are a major source of income for poor rural communities. As many Haitians have seen their livelihoods disappear given the country’s high exposure and vulnerability to multiple hazards, repopulation of a part of the animals lost in the Hurricane, especially poultry and goats, is essential in order to improve food security.
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    The Republic of Nicaragua | Urgent call for assistance
    Hurricanes Eta and Iota
    2021
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    Central America has been severely affected by a record-breaking hurricane season, with the passage of Category 4 Hurricane Eta across the region in early November 2020, followed by Category 5 Hurricane Iota about two weeks later with the strongest winds experienced in 127 years. The rains, strong winds, flash flooding and storm surges triggered by the Hurricanes have affected about 5 million people across Central America and Mexico, an area already hit by years of erratic weather patterns and more recently by the effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the results of which are potentially catastrophic. The Government of Nicaragua has indicated that preliminary estimates of overall damages and losses due to the Hurricanes amount to more than USD 742 million (6.2 percent of the country’s gross domestic product). So far, about 40 percent of those affected are from Nicaragua – 3 million people mainly from the indigenous territories where artisanal fishing, forestry and agriculture have been significantly impacted. The Hurricanes hit at the start of the lean season when food stocks are already traditionally low and have now been depleted. Moreover, reduced harvests are expected and livestock production has been severely affected, with significant losses. The combined effects of the Hurricanes and of COVID-19 are expected to exacerbate vulnerabilities, with increased levels of food insecurity and malnutrition; as 30 percent of the working population relies on agriculture for their livelihoods, it is essential to provide emergency agricultural support to the most vulnerable, affected households.
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    Booklet
    Haïti | Stratégie de réponse
    Contribution au Plan de réponse humanitaire (2019-2020) pour la période de janvier-décembre 2020, Deuxième version
    2020
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    Ces 10 dernières années, Haïti a été touché par deux tremblements de terre majeurs (en 2010 et 2018), trois ouragans (Sandy en 2012, Matthew en 2016 et Irma en 2017) et trois épisodes de sécheresse sévère (en 2014, 2015/16 et 2018/19). Aujourd’hui encore, les effets de ces catastrophes continuent d’aggraver la vulnérabilité des populations, en particulier au sein des communautés rurales, qui tirent leurs moyens d’existence de l’agriculture. En outre, la détérioration du contexte socio-politique et économique ainsi que la propagation rapide de la covid-19 dans le pays exacerbe les faiblesses structurelles persistantes du pays. La hausse des prix des denrées de base, la dépréciation de la gourde haïtienne et la diminution des investissements étrangers ont considérablement réduit l’accès à la nourriture des ménages les plus pauvres. En 2019, une augmentation soudaine du nombre de personnes en insécurité alimentaire aiguë sévère a été observée en relation avec les épisodes de sécheresse et la période de troubles socio-politiques. Le nombre de personnes touchées a ainsi presque quintuplé. Dans le cadre du Plan de réponse humanitaire 2019‑2020 révisé, la FAO mettra en oeuvre une stratégie opérationnelle intégrée, adaptée à l’évolution du contexte dans le pays et axée sur les divers secteurs agricoles (agriculture, élevage, pêche et forêt) dont les populations dépendent. En 2020, la FAO requiert 93 millions d’USD pour assister 1,2 million de personnes afin de soutenitr leurs moyens d’existence et renforcer leur résilience.

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