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Drought risk management guidelines Western Balkan region










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    Project
    Reducing Disaster Risks and Strengthening Resilience of Farmers to Natural Hazards in The Western Balkans - TCP/RER/3504 2019
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    The Western Balkans region is prone to natural hazards, such as floods,landslides, droughts and forest fires, as a result of its geological structure,climatic and topographic characteristics. The agriculture sector is negativelyimpacted by these hazards, with damage caused to agriculturalinfrastructure and equipment and losses in crops, livestock, forestry andfisheries. Agricultural sector actors had only limited knowledge, awarenessand capacities to prevent, reduce and prepare for the adverse impacts ofnatural hazards in the short and long term. In this context, the project wasdesigned to strengthen institutional mechanisms with improved technicalcapacities, tools and methods in the Ministries of Agriculture and amongrelated stakeholders in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the formerYugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The Diversity of Agriculture in Former Soviet and Western Balkan Countries
    Policy Studies on Rural Transition No. 2010-2
    2010
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    The aim of this report is to give a comprehensive picture of the effects of transition on agriculture in the 12 selected countries. The countries are (in alphabetic order): Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Croatia, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Ukraine. The collapse of the Soviet regime caused dramatic changes in Eastern Bloc countries. This is especially true in the agricultural sector. F or example, CIS countries have been faced with a 50% plus decline in agricultural output, which has resulted in a growing agricultural trade deficit. The basic ideas that underpin the future plans of these countries vary greatly. In the Western Balkans the key issue is undoubtedly accession to the EU as early as possible, although this seems like a long process for most of them. In the former Soviet countries in Europe (Western CIS) the transition process has not yet been fully finishe d, so they seem to be concentrating on modernisation. In the Caucasian countries resource management could be the most important area of further development. Although accession to the EU cannot be envisaged in the near future for the selected CIS countries, it is important to mention that the European Union initiated cooperation with them in 2009 with a programme entitled ‘Eastern Partnership’. The twentieth anniversary of the beginning of the collapse is a good opportunity to assess developments in agriculture in these countries, and to evaluate the status of the sector in the light of initial expectations. What are these countries’ main objectives in the field of agriculture? Has agricultural productivity and competitiveness improved? Is it possible for these countries to reach an acceptable trade balance? Are agricultural producers better off? What policy lessons have been learned? What is behind the diversity of individual country performances? performances?
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Assessment of the human capacity development needs for, and gaps in, the Agricultural Advisory Services in Western Balkans
    Final Report FAO technical cooperation programme facility project
    2011
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    Background to the project and the present project framework. This study was initiated in 2007at a sub-regional workshop in FYR of Macedonia, dealing with the opportunities for joint efforts for the development of the agriculture sector in the Western Balkans region. Human capacity development in the agriculture sector was determined as one of the key issues, and this study is a result of the research on the current status of human capacity development in the agriculture sector in Albania , Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, UNMIK Kosovo, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. National consultants interviewed the stakeholders of the agricultural knowledge and information systems in the countries, determining the structure of the system, the linkages between the organisations and the effectiveness of the stakeholder organisations (in terms of how they elaborate, share and spread information and knowledge within the system). This concluding report summarizes these national reports, provides an overview of common traits in the given systems and provides conclusions, and recommendations for the further development of human resources in the agriculture sector in the Western Balkans region.

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