FAO Knowledge Repository BETA

The FAO Knowledge Repository is FAO's official open repository, providing access to all of its publications. Through its open access policy, FAO seeks to increase the dissemination of its knowledge and to contribute to the scientific and technical impact of the Organization. 

 

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    Book (series)
    Respecting free, prior and informed consent
    Practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to land acquisition
    2014
    Improving governance of tenure is the objective of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Guidelines), which serve as a reference and set out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices. The Guidelines state that responsible investments should do no harm, safeguard against dispossession of legitimate tenure right holders and environmental damage, and should respect human rights. This technical guide on Respecting free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) sets out practical actions for government agencies to respect and protect FPIC and for civil society organizations, land users and private investors globally to comply with their responsibilities in relation to FPIC, as endorsed by the Guidelines.
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    Book (series)
    Compulsory acquisition of land and compensation 2008
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    Compulsory acquisition is the power of government to acquire private rights in land without the willing consent of the owner or occupant in order to benefit society and is often necessary for social and economic development and the protection of the natural environment. The exercise of these powers is frequently contentious and problematic. The guide explains what compulsory acquisition and compensation are, and what constitutes good practice in this area, examining the consequences of poor legi slation, procedures and implementation. It is likely to be of most use in countries that are seeking to understand good practice in this area and to improve their own legislation, procedures and implementation in compulsory purchase and compensation in the interests of society as a whole.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Free Prior and Informed Consent: An indigenous peoples’ right and a good practice for local communities 2016

    This Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) Manual is designed as a tool for project practitioners of a broad range of projects and programmes of any development organization, by providing information about the right to FPIC and how it can be implemented in six steps.

    In an FPIC process, the “how”, “when” and “with and by whom”, are as important as “what” is being proposed. For an FPIC process to be effective and result in consent or lack of it, the way in which the process is conducted is paramount. The time allocated for the discussions among the indigenous peoples, the cultural appropriateness of the way the information is conveyed, and the involvement of the whole community, including key groups like women, the elderly and the youth in the process, are all essential. A thorough and well carried FPIC process helps guarantee everyone’s right to self-determination, allowing them to participate in decisions that affect their lives.

    This FPIC Manual will ena ble field practitioners to incorporate FPIC into project and programmes’ design and implementation, ensuring that indigenous peoples’ rights are duly respected. FPIC can be considered the “gold standard” because it allows for the highest form of participation of local stakeholders in development projects.

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    Book (series)
    Digital agriculture in action
    Selected case studies from India
    2022
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    Agriculture is becoming more knowledge-intensive. Access to timely, accurate information tailored to specific locations and conditions is critical to helping farmers make the most of their resources in changing circumstances. Digital technologies help overcome these challenges by bridging the information gap, improving access to market information, enhancing access to micro-finance, providing actionable advisories on managing pest and disease as well as improving agriculture human capital. However, sustaining digital interventions needs a holistic approach that includes the right policies, frameworks, ecosystem and capacities. This publication highlights some successful initiatives in leveraging digital technologies, improving value-chain processes and building capacity to bring about positive change among agriculture stakeholders and improve livelihoods. This publication is part of the Country Investment Highlights series under the FAO Investment Centre's Knowledge for Investment (K4I) programme.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Ultra-processed foods, diet quality and human health 2019
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    The significance of industrial processing for the nature of food and the state of human health - and in particular the techniques and ingredients developed by modern food science and technology - is generally underestimated. This is evident in both national and international policies and strategies designed to improve populations' nutrition and health. Until recently it has also been neglected in epidemiological and experimental studies concerning diet, nutrition and health. This report seeks to assess the impact of ultra-processed food on diet quality and health, based on NOVA, a food classification system developed by researchers at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

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    Booklet
    IPPC style guide 2024
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    The Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) produce international standards and associated technical guidance on plant protection measures. The IPPC style guide provides guidance on the content and structure of these publications and related documents, and on editorial style. It is intended to be of practical use for all experts and FAO personnel engaged in the production of IPPC documents, to help ensure consistency between documents. It should be read in conjunction with the FAO style guide, FAOSTYLE.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guideline on the Integration of Sand and Dust Storm Management into Key Policy Areas 2024
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    The Guideline aims to raise awareness on development challenges related to sand and dust storm (SDS) risk, vulnerability, and exposure that are often not fully appreciated or considered by policy makers. In addition to greater political attention, it underscrores the need for assessments and actionable data to address SDS hazards more effectively. The guideline is informed by scientific, technical, and evidence-based knowledge resources that have been produced by the UNCCD, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and members of the United Nations Coalition on Combatting Sand and Dust Storms as well as other partners and experts from around the world. The Guideline is voluntary and can be used by regonal, national, and sub-national authorities and actors responsible for designing and implementing SDS-related initiatives in key policy areas (e.g., agriculture, human health, infrastructure). It builds upon the UNCCD Policy Advocacy Framework for Sand and Dust storms which outlines the principles and enabling environment to prevent and reduce SDS sources and their socioeconomic impacts while improving productivity and resilience.
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    Book (series)
    Understanding microfinance interest rates in agrifood 2024
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    Interest rates have been a contentious issue in microfinance for many years. While higher interest rates for microloans are often justified by the underlying costs of making small loans in rural areas, this is not always the case. Furthemore, this issue is especially relevant to the impact investors such as impact investment funds and development finance institutions that fund microfinance institutions (MFI) to expand lending to smallholder farmers and other micro-borrowers in the agrifood system. Questions about the adequacy of interest rates charged by MFIs targeting farmers often ariseduring the due diligence (DD) process and can provoke animated discussions during investment committee meetings. The frequency and intensity of these debates at multiple investment committee meetings of impact investment funds co-financed by the European Commission actually prompted the idea to produce this technical guide.This toolkit provides guidance on how to analyse interest rates of MFIs from a responsible lending perspective and how to strengthen responsible lending practices more broadly. It is mainly targeted at impact investors and other financiers with a double-bottom line investing in MFIs as part of their broader development and impact mandates. It may also be useful for a broader audience concerned with micro- and agricultural finance and rural development, including international financing institutions (IFIs) and other development practitioners.This publication is part of the Investment Toolkits series under the FAO Investment Centre's Knowledge for Investment (K4I) series.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Price Monitoring and Analysis (FPMA) Bulletin #6, 12 July 2024
    Monthly report on food price trends
    2024
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    International prices of all major cereals eased in June 2024. The decline in global wheat export prices mostly reflected downward pressure from seasonal supplies in the Northern Hemisphere while the fall in maize export prices was underpinned by seasonal increases in the supplies from Southern Hemisphere countries, along with favourable production prospects in the United States of America. International rice prices posted a modest decline in June, largely reflecting generally quiet trading activities. In several countries monitored by FAO, domestic staple food prices persisted at high levels in May and June 2024. Ongoing conflicts and high levels of insecurity disrupted trading activities and supported high prices of cereals in Haiti, Myanmar, South Sudan, the Sudan and some Sahelian countries. In Southern Africa, prices of maize, the main food staple, also remained at elevated levels in countries where widespread and intense drought resulted in well below-average harvests in 2024. Weak national currencies and high transport costs sustained inflationary pressure on domestic food markets and food import costs in several countries.
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    Book (series)
    პირუტყვის ვაქცინაციის კამპანიის სახელმძღვანელო პრინციპები
    შერჩევა/მიღებიდან ინექციამდე
    2024
    ვაქცინაცია დაავადების პრევენციის ერთ-ერთი მთავარი იარაღია. თუმცა, მისი ეფექტურობა დიდწილად დამოკიდებულია ისეთ მნიშვნელოვან ფაქტორებზე როგორიცაა ადეკვატური ცივი ჯაჭვი და ჰიგიენური ინექცია. ვაქცინაციის კამპანიების წარმატება მდგომარეობს იმ დეტალებში, რომლებიც უზრუნველყოფენ ადეკვატურ იმუნიტეტს და ხელს უშლიან პირუტყვში დაავადებების გავრცელებას. წარმოდგენილი გაიდლაინები მოკლედ და ლაკონურად გვთავაზობს ყველაზე მნიშვნელოვან ასპექტებს, რომლებიც გასათვალისწინებელია პირუტყვის ვაქცინაციის კამპანიების დაგეგმვისა და განხორციელებისას. ამ გაიდლაინებით მოწოდებული ინფორმაცია, მარტივად გამოყენებადია ველზე და ხელს შეუწყობს მეცხოველეობის დაავადებების, მათ შორის ზოონოზური დაავადებების გავრცელების წინააღმდეგ ბრძოლას.