FAO Knowledge Repository BETA

The FAO Knowledge Repository is FAO's official open repository, providing access to all of its publications. Through its open access policy, FAO seeks to increase the dissemination of its knowledge and to contribute to the scientific and technical impact of the Organization. 

 

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    Book (series)
    Respecting free, prior and informed consent
    Practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to land acquisition
    2014
    Improving governance of tenure is the objective of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Guidelines), which serve as a reference and set out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices. The Guidelines state that responsible investments should do no harm, safeguard against dispossession of legitimate tenure right holders and environmental damage, and should respect human rights. This technical guide on Respecting free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) sets out practical actions for government agencies to respect and protect FPIC and for civil society organizations, land users and private investors globally to comply with their responsibilities in relation to FPIC, as endorsed by the Guidelines.
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    Book (series)
    Compulsory acquisition of land and compensation 2008
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    Compulsory acquisition is the power of government to acquire private rights in land without the willing consent of the owner or occupant in order to benefit society and is often necessary for social and economic development and the protection of the natural environment. The exercise of these powers is frequently contentious and problematic. The guide explains what compulsory acquisition and compensation are, and what constitutes good practice in this area, examining the consequences of poor legi slation, procedures and implementation. It is likely to be of most use in countries that are seeking to understand good practice in this area and to improve their own legislation, procedures and implementation in compulsory purchase and compensation in the interests of society as a whole.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Free Prior and Informed Consent: An indigenous peoples’ right and a good practice for local communities 2016

    This Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) Manual is designed as a tool for project practitioners of a broad range of projects and programmes of any development organization, by providing information about the right to FPIC and how it can be implemented in six steps.

    In an FPIC process, the “how”, “when” and “with and by whom”, are as important as “what” is being proposed. For an FPIC process to be effective and result in consent or lack of it, the way in which the process is conducted is paramount. The time allocated for the discussions among the indigenous peoples, the cultural appropriateness of the way the information is conveyed, and the involvement of the whole community, including key groups like women, the elderly and the youth in the process, are all essential. A thorough and well carried FPIC process helps guarantee everyone’s right to self-determination, allowing them to participate in decisions that affect their lives.

    This FPIC Manual will ena ble field practitioners to incorporate FPIC into project and programmes’ design and implementation, ensuring that indigenous peoples’ rights are duly respected. FPIC can be considered the “gold standard” because it allows for the highest form of participation of local stakeholders in development projects.

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    Book (series)
    The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2024
    Blue Transformation in action
    2024
    The 2024 edition of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture features the Blue Transformation in action, illustrated by activities and initiatives, led by FAO in collaboration with Members, partners and key stakeholders, to integrate aquatic foods into global food security and sustainability, enhance policy advocacy, scientific research and capacity building, disseminate sustainable practices and technological innovations, and support community involvement. Part 1 of this edition of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture benefits from significant improvements in data collection, analytical and assessment tools and methodologies to present the most up-to-date review of world fisheries and aquaculture production and utilization. Part 2 highlights the role of FAO and its partners to catalyse the transformational changes required to support aquaculture expansion and intensification, effective management of global fisheries and upgrading of aquatic value chains. Part 3 covers the high-impact challenges and opportunities of the untapped potential of utilizing whole fish and by-products to improve food security and nutrition, expounds on the role of aquatic food systems in providing critical climate, biodiversity and environmentally sound solutions, and highlights the importance of their integration into national and multilateral processes. It also presents an outlook on future trends up to 2032 based on projections. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2024 provides the most up-to-date and evidence-based information, supporting policy, scientific and technical insights on challenges, opportunities and innovations shaping the present and future of the sector, for the benefit of a wide and expanding audience of policymakers, managers, scientists, fishers, farmers, traders, civil society activists and consumers.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges 2017
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    What will be needed to realize the vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition? After shedding light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century, the study provides insights into what is at stake and what needs to be done. “Business as usual” is not an option. Major transformations in agricultural systems, rural economies, and natural resources management are necessary. The present study was undertaken for the quadrennial review of FAO’s strategic framework and for the preparation of the Organization Medium-Term plan 2018-2021.

Recently added

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    Book (stand-alone)
    L'état des ressources zoogénétiques pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture dans le monde 2008
    La gestion raisonnée de la biodiversité de l’agriculture dans le monde devient un défi toujours plus grand pour la communauté internationale. Le secteur de l’élevage en particulier subit des changements dramatiques avec l’augmentation de la production à grande échelle, en réponse à la demande croissante d’œufs, de lait et de viande. Il est crucial de disposer d’une grande panoplie de ressources zoogénétiques pour adapter et développer nos systèmes de productions agricoles. Le changement climatique et l’émergence de nouvelles maladies animales renforcent le besoin de maintenir cette capacité d’adaptation. Pour des centaines de millions de ménages ruraux pauvres, l’élevage reste un capital clé, couvrant souvent de nombreux besoins, et permettant à la vie de s’installer dans les environnements les plus rudes du globe. L’élevage fournit une contribution majeure à la sécurité de l’alimentation et de la vie, et à l’atteinte des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement des Nations Unies. Il sera toujours plus important dans les décennies à venir. Malheureusement, la diversité génétique est menacée. Le nombre signalé de disparitions de races est très préoccupant, mais il est encore plus inquiétant de constater que les ressources génétiques non enregistrées sont perdues avant même que leurs caractéristiques n’aient été étudiées et leur potentiel évalué.
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    Policy brief
    Agrifood systems transformation in Mediterranean cities
    Opportunities for collaborative action and shared learning
    2024
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    This technical brief aims to provide an overview of urban agrifood systems in the Mediterranean region and propose possible ways forward to collaboratively transform them. The brief is based on a study carried out by FAO in partnership with Let’s Food, which mapped and categorized over 300 urban food actions in the Mediterranean region, analysing the actors involved, and the topics and trends of agrifood initiatives. The study also conducted agrifood systems assessments in nine cities of interest, revealing common challenges and opportunities for urban agrifood systems in the region, and proposes five transformative food action areas to accelerate the transition towards sustainable urban agrifood systems, based on existing good practices in the region. The brief suggests to build mechanisms for shared learning that would leverage existing experiences and relationships with established organizations, networks and programmes, and facilitate dialogue and collaboration among Mediterranean countries and stakeholders to ultimately apply systems approaches in the development of integrated local agrifood policies and transformative food actions.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Conducta empresarial responsable en la industria piñera: una guía para productores y exportadores 2024
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    El objetivo de esta guía es apoyar a los productores y las empresas que operan en la industria mundial de la piña en sus esfuerzos por implementar prácticas de conducta empresarial responsable para mejorar la sostenibilidad de sus operaciones. Al comprometerse con la conducta empresarial responsable y poner en práctica procesos de debida diligencia, estas empresas pueden evitar conflictos y daños ambientales, lo que también ayudará a reducir las pérdidas financieras y mantener la rentabilidad a largo plazo. La conducta empresarial responsable ayuda a identificar, priorizar y abordar los problemas a medida que surgen, en lugar de esperar a que crezcan o sean descubiertos por otros.El propósito de esta guía es fortalecer la capacidad de las empresas y asociaciones productoras, empacadoras y exportadoras de piña, incluidas las pequeñas y medianas empresas, para comenzar su camino hacia la conducta empresarial responsable mediante la implementación del Paso 2 del proceso de debida diligencia (es decir, identificar y priorizar los riesgos de impactos negativos). La guía también analiza formas de abordar estos riesgos para implementar el Paso 3: Cesar, remediar, prevenir o mitigar los riesgos.Esta publicación se basa en la Guía OCDE-FAO para las cadenas de suministro responsables para el sector agrícola y proporciona referencias a muchos otros materiales útiles. La guía fue desarrollada por el Proyecto de Frutas Responsables con el apoyo del Gobierno de Alemania.
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    Policy brief
    Transformation des systèmes agroalimentaires dans les villes méditerranéennes
    Possibilités de collaboration et d’apprentissage partagé
    2024
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    Cette note technique vise à fournir une vue d'ensemble des systèmes agroalimentaires urbains dans la région méditerranéenne et à proposer des pistes pour les transformer de manière collaborative. Il est basé sur une étude réalisée par la FAO en partenariat avec Let's Food, qui a cartographié et catégorisé plus de 300 actions alimentaires urbaines dans la région méditerranéenne, en analysant les acteurs impliqués, ainsi que les thèmes et les tendances des initiatives agroalimentaires. L'étude a également mené des évaluations des systèmes agroalimentaires dans neuf villes d'intérêt, révélant des défis et des opportunités communs pour les systèmes agroalimentaires urbains dans la région, et propose cinq domaines d'action alimentaire transformateurs pour accélérer la transition vers des systèmes agroalimentaires urbains durables, sur la base des bonnes pratiques existantes dans la région. Le document suggère de mettre en place des mécanismes d'apprentissage partagé qui permettraient de tirer parti des expériences et des relations existantes avec les organisations, les réseaux et les programmes établis, et de faciliter le dialogue et la collaboration entre les pays méditerranéens et les parties prenantes afin d'appliquer des approches systémiques dans le développement de politiques agroalimentaires locales intégrées et d'actions alimentaires transformatrices.
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    Book (series)
    Evaluation of the project "Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership"
    Project code: GCP/GLO/369/MUL
    2022
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    The evaluation of the project “Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership” covered the three phases of the LEAP Partnership (2012–2021). The evaluation found that the project responded to an existing demand to advance towards a science-based benchmarking of the environmental performance of the livestock sector. The LEAP partnership was a cost-effective approach that contributed to consensus building and greater understanding of the factors influencing environmental performance by providing a neutral forum for discussion and negotiation.The evaluation provides six recommendations: i) strengthen the project’s theory of change to reflect the complexity of learning and innovation, including gender perspective; ii) strengthen the multi-stakeholder partnership governance, management and procedures; iii) strengthen collaboration with other initiatives such as the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock (GASL) and the Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM); iv) reduce the budget uncertainty through improved long-term planning and a strengthened resource mobilization strategy; v) update and improve the dissemination strategy; and vi) develop an outreach strategy with clear goals.