FAO Knowledge Repository BETA

The FAO Knowledge Repository is FAO's official open repository, providing access to all of its publications. Through its open access policy, FAO seeks to increase the dissemination of its knowledge and to contribute to the scientific and technical impact of the Organization. 

 

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    Book (series)
    Respecting free, prior and informed consent
    Practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to land acquisition
    2014
    Improving governance of tenure is the objective of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Guidelines), which serve as a reference and set out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices. The Guidelines state that responsible investments should do no harm, safeguard against dispossession of legitimate tenure right holders and environmental damage, and should respect human rights. This technical guide on Respecting free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) sets out practical actions for government agencies to respect and protect FPIC and for civil society organizations, land users and private investors globally to comply with their responsibilities in relation to FPIC, as endorsed by the Guidelines.
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    Book (series)
    Compulsory acquisition of land and compensation 2008
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    Compulsory acquisition is the power of government to acquire private rights in land without the willing consent of the owner or occupant in order to benefit society and is often necessary for social and economic development and the protection of the natural environment. The exercise of these powers is frequently contentious and problematic. The guide explains what compulsory acquisition and compensation are, and what constitutes good practice in this area, examining the consequences of poor legi slation, procedures and implementation. It is likely to be of most use in countries that are seeking to understand good practice in this area and to improve their own legislation, procedures and implementation in compulsory purchase and compensation in the interests of society as a whole.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Free Prior and Informed Consent: An indigenous peoples’ right and a good practice for local communities 2016

    This Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) Manual is designed as a tool for project practitioners of a broad range of projects and programmes of any development organization, by providing information about the right to FPIC and how it can be implemented in six steps.

    In an FPIC process, the “how”, “when” and “with and by whom”, are as important as “what” is being proposed. For an FPIC process to be effective and result in consent or lack of it, the way in which the process is conducted is paramount. The time allocated for the discussions among the indigenous peoples, the cultural appropriateness of the way the information is conveyed, and the involvement of the whole community, including key groups like women, the elderly and the youth in the process, are all essential. A thorough and well carried FPIC process helps guarantee everyone’s right to self-determination, allowing them to participate in decisions that affect their lives.

    This FPIC Manual will ena ble field practitioners to incorporate FPIC into project and programmes’ design and implementation, ensuring that indigenous peoples’ rights are duly respected. FPIC can be considered the “gold standard” because it allows for the highest form of participation of local stakeholders in development projects.

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    Book (stand-alone)
    The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges 2017
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    What will be needed to realize the vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition? After shedding light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century, the study provides insights into what is at stake and what needs to be done. “Business as usual” is not an option. Major transformations in agricultural systems, rural economies, and natural resources management are necessary. The present study was undertaken for the quadrennial review of FAO’s strategic framework and for the preparation of the Organization Medium-Term plan 2018-2021.
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    Book (series)
    The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023
    Urbanization, agrifood systems transformation and healthy diets across the rural–urban continuum
    2023
    This report provides an update on global progress towards the targets of ending hunger (SDG Target 2.1) and all forms of malnutrition (SDG Target 2.2) and estimates on the number of people who are unable to afford a healthy diet. Since its 2017 edition, this report has repeatedly highlighted that the intensification and interaction of conflict, climate extremes and economic slowdowns and downturns, combined with highly unaffordable nutritious foods and growing inequality, are pushing us off track to meet the SDG 2 targets. However, other important megatrends must also be factored into the analysis to fully understand the challenges and opportunities for meeting the SDG 2 targets. One such megatrend, and the focus of this year’s report, is urbanization. New evidence shows that food purchases in some countries are no longer high only among urban households but also among rural households. Consumption of highly processed foods is also increasing in peri-urban and rural areas of some countries. These changes are affecting people’s food security and nutrition in ways that differ depending on where they live across the rural–urban continuum. This timely and relevant theme is aligned with the United Nations General Assembly-endorsed New Urban Agenda, and the report provides recommendations on the policies, investments and actions needed to address the challenges of agrifood systems transformation under urbanization and to enable opportunities for ensuring access to affordable healthy diets for everyone.

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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Time to address global soil monitoring?
    ITPS Soil Letters #9
    2024
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    This ITPS soil letter emphasizes the urgent need for a comprehensive global soil monitoring system to address the challenges of increasing food demand due to population growth and soil degradation. With more than 800 million people suffering from malnutrition in 2021, and food production needing to increase significantly by 2050, robust soil monitoring is essential to optimize agricultural productivity and maintain ecosystem services. Soil monitoring involves systematic measurement of soil properties over time and space to gather data crucial for managing food production, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and protecting water and biodiversity. The Global Soil Partnership (GSP) and its Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soil (ITPS) are key to establishing harmonized methods and securing long-term funding for sustained soil monitoring programs.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Responsible Business Conduct Quarterly. Bulletin No. 9, April–June 2024 2024
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    FAO’s Responsible Business Conduct Quarterly Bulletin (RBC-Q) shares events and resources on FAO’s activities on Responsible Global Value Chains and news from around the world related to business, risk and development in the agricultural sector. It is prepared by FAO’s Markets and Trade Division (EST). This issue of the bulletin covers the period April–June 2024.
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    Booklet
    IPPC style guide 2024
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    The Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) produce international standards and associated technical guidance on plant protection measures. The IPPC style guide provides guidance on the content and structure of these publications and related documents, and on editorial style. It is intended to be of practical use for all experts and FAO personnel engaged in the production of IPPC documents, to help ensure consistency between documents. It should be read in conjunction with the FAO style guide, FAOSTYLE.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guideline on the Integration of Sand and Dust Storm Management into Key Policy Areas 2024
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    The Guideline aims to raise awareness on development challenges related to sand and dust storm (SDS) risk, vulnerability, and exposure that are often not fully appreciated or considered by policy makers. In addition to greater political attention, it underscrores the need for assessments and actionable data to address SDS hazards more effectively. The guideline is informed by scientific, technical, and evidence-based knowledge resources that have been produced by the UNCCD, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and members of the United Nations Coalition on Combatting Sand and Dust Storms as well as other partners and experts from around the world. The Guideline is voluntary and can be used by regonal, national, and sub-national authorities and actors responsible for designing and implementing SDS-related initiatives in key policy areas (e.g., agriculture, human health, infrastructure). It builds upon the UNCCD Policy Advocacy Framework for Sand and Dust storms which outlines the principles and enabling environment to prevent and reduce SDS sources and their socioeconomic impacts while improving productivity and resilience.
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    Book (series)
    Understanding microfinance interest rates in agrifood 2024
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    Interest rates have been a contentious issue in microfinance for many years. While higher interest rates for microloans are often justified by the underlying costs of making small loans in rural areas, this is not always the case. Furthemore, this issue is especially relevant to the impact investors such as impact investment funds and development finance institutions that fund microfinance institutions (MFI) to expand lending to smallholder farmers and other micro-borrowers in the agrifood system. Questions about the adequacy of interest rates charged by MFIs targeting farmers often ariseduring the due diligence (DD) process and can provoke animated discussions during investment committee meetings. The frequency and intensity of these debates at multiple investment committee meetings of impact investment funds co-financed by the European Commission actually prompted the idea to produce this technical guide.This toolkit provides guidance on how to analyse interest rates of MFIs from a responsible lending perspective and how to strengthen responsible lending practices more broadly. It is mainly targeted at impact investors and other financiers with a double-bottom line investing in MFIs as part of their broader development and impact mandates. It may also be useful for a broader audience concerned with micro- and agricultural finance and rural development, including international financing institutions (IFIs) and other development practitioners.This publication is part of the Investment Toolkits series under the FAO Investment Centre's Knowledge for Investment (K4I) series.