FAO Knowledge Repository BETA

The FAO Knowledge Repository is FAO's official open repository, providing access to all of its publications. Through its open access policy, FAO seeks to increase the dissemination of its knowledge and to contribute to the scientific and technical impact of the Organization. 

 

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Trending publications

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    Book (series)
    Respecting free, prior and informed consent
    Practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to land acquisition
    2014
    Improving governance of tenure is the objective of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Guidelines), which serve as a reference and set out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices. The Guidelines state that responsible investments should do no harm, safeguard against dispossession of legitimate tenure right holders and environmental damage, and should respect human rights. This technical guide on Respecting free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) sets out practical actions for government agencies to respect and protect FPIC and for civil society organizations, land users and private investors globally to comply with their responsibilities in relation to FPIC, as endorsed by the Guidelines.
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    Book (series)
    Compulsory acquisition of land and compensation 2008
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    Compulsory acquisition is the power of government to acquire private rights in land without the willing consent of the owner or occupant in order to benefit society and is often necessary for social and economic development and the protection of the natural environment. The exercise of these powers is frequently contentious and problematic. The guide explains what compulsory acquisition and compensation are, and what constitutes good practice in this area, examining the consequences of poor legi slation, procedures and implementation. It is likely to be of most use in countries that are seeking to understand good practice in this area and to improve their own legislation, procedures and implementation in compulsory purchase and compensation in the interests of society as a whole.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Free Prior and Informed Consent: An indigenous peoples’ right and a good practice for local communities 2016

    This Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) Manual is designed as a tool for project practitioners of a broad range of projects and programmes of any development organization, by providing information about the right to FPIC and how it can be implemented in six steps.

    In an FPIC process, the “how”, “when” and “with and by whom”, are as important as “what” is being proposed. For an FPIC process to be effective and result in consent or lack of it, the way in which the process is conducted is paramount. The time allocated for the discussions among the indigenous peoples, the cultural appropriateness of the way the information is conveyed, and the involvement of the whole community, including key groups like women, the elderly and the youth in the process, are all essential. A thorough and well carried FPIC process helps guarantee everyone’s right to self-determination, allowing them to participate in decisions that affect their lives.

    This FPIC Manual will ena ble field practitioners to incorporate FPIC into project and programmes’ design and implementation, ensuring that indigenous peoples’ rights are duly respected. FPIC can be considered the “gold standard” because it allows for the highest form of participation of local stakeholders in development projects.

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    Book (series)
    The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2024
    Blue Transformation in action
    2024
    The 2024 edition of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture features the Blue Transformation in action, illustrated by activities and initiatives, led by FAO in collaboration with Members, partners and key stakeholders, to integrate aquatic foods into global food security and sustainability, enhance policy advocacy, scientific research and capacity building, disseminate sustainable practices and technological innovations, and support community involvement. Part 1 of this edition of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture benefits from significant improvements in data collection, analytical and assessment tools and methodologies to present the most up-to-date review of world fisheries and aquaculture production and utilization. Part 2 highlights the role of FAO and its partners to catalyse the transformational changes required to support aquaculture expansion and intensification, effective management of global fisheries and upgrading of aquatic value chains. Part 3 covers the high-impact challenges and opportunities of the untapped potential of utilizing whole fish and by-products to improve food security and nutrition, expounds on the role of aquatic food systems in providing critical climate, biodiversity and environmentally sound solutions, and highlights the importance of their integration into national and multilateral processes. It also presents an outlook on future trends up to 2032 based on projections. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2024 provides the most up-to-date and evidence-based information, supporting policy, scientific and technical insights on challenges, opportunities and innovations shaping the present and future of the sector, for the benefit of a wide and expanding audience of policymakers, managers, scientists, fishers, farmers, traders, civil society activists and consumers.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges 2017
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    What will be needed to realize the vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition? After shedding light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century, the study provides insights into what is at stake and what needs to be done. “Business as usual” is not an option. Major transformations in agricultural systems, rural economies, and natural resources management are necessary. The present study was undertaken for the quadrennial review of FAO’s strategic framework and for the preparation of the Organization Medium-Term plan 2018-2021.

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    Book (stand-alone)
    Lychee production in the Asia-Pacific region 2002
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    A compilation of the country papers presented at and the conclusions/recommendations of the May 2001 expert consultation on lychee production in the Asia-Pacific region held in Bangkok, Thailand. First cultivated in China over 2 000 years ago, the fruit is now grown in a number of countries with subtropical climates, being most important for Bangladesh, China, India, Nepal, Thailand and Viet Nam. The Asia-Pacific region accounts for more than 95 percent of the global lychee production of over 2 million tonnes. Smallholders with less than 100 trees each are the main producers and the crop is mostly sold fresh, though a third of the lychee harvest in China is dried. The country papers review production, management and marketing of the crop as well as constraints to development. Low productivity, with average yields below 5 tonnes per hectare – compared to 15 tonnes achieved in Israel and some other nations – and short shelf-life are issues needing priority attention to enable smallholder s to gain the most from the high value crop.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Gender differences in the transitional economy of Viet Nam
    Key gender findings: second Viet Nam living standards survey, 1997-98
    2002
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    It is important on a regular basis to assess gender differences in various aspects of socio-economic life, in order to create more appropriate policies to target specific areas where gender inequality exists. The main purpose of research that forms the basis for this report is to assess the current situation of gender differences in key sectors of development and attempts to define broad policy directions. The research findings show that important gender equality achievements have been made and in some areas, the situation of women or girls is actually better than for men or boys. However, there remain many areas where women and girls are still at a disadvantage compared to men or boys. Continued targeted efforts are required to sustain as well as further improve the situation of women and girls in Viet Nam.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Pacific island fisheries: Regional and country information 2002
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    This publication is based on information collected by two FAO-commissioned surveys during 2001 which reviewed the state of fisheries in the Pacific Islands, both on a regional basis as well as in each of the 14 independent countries. With exclusive economic zones (EEZs) spread across 30.5 million sq km – 60 times their total land area and 28 percent of the world’s EEZ area – Pacific Island states are vitally dependent on fisheries for their economic well being. The document examines the differen t aspects of the deep sea-based tuna fishing industry, and reviews small-scale commercial and subsistence fisheries in the region. A regional overview provides detailed information about fish species in the region, various fishing methods used, production and catch value by country, species and fishing vessel type, per capita fish supply as well as issues of coastal fisheries management. Detailed country sections are also provided. Development prospects, institutional arrangements and internatio nal issues relevant to the sector are reviewed.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    L'état des ressources zoogénétiques pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture dans le monde 2008
    La gestion raisonnée de la biodiversité de l’agriculture dans le monde devient un défi toujours plus grand pour la communauté internationale. Le secteur de l’élevage en particulier subit des changements dramatiques avec l’augmentation de la production à grande échelle, en réponse à la demande croissante d’œufs, de lait et de viande. Il est crucial de disposer d’une grande panoplie de ressources zoogénétiques pour adapter et développer nos systèmes de productions agricoles. Le changement climatique et l’émergence de nouvelles maladies animales renforcent le besoin de maintenir cette capacité d’adaptation. Pour des centaines de millions de ménages ruraux pauvres, l’élevage reste un capital clé, couvrant souvent de nombreux besoins, et permettant à la vie de s’installer dans les environnements les plus rudes du globe. L’élevage fournit une contribution majeure à la sécurité de l’alimentation et de la vie, et à l’atteinte des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement des Nations Unies. Il sera toujours plus important dans les décennies à venir. Malheureusement, la diversité génétique est menacée. Le nombre signalé de disparitions de races est très préoccupant, mais il est encore plus inquiétant de constater que les ressources génétiques non enregistrées sont perdues avant même que leurs caractéristiques n’aient été étudiées et leur potentiel évalué.
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    Booklet
    Résumé de L’État de la sécurité alimentaire et de la nutrition dans le monde 2024
    Des financements pour éliminer la faim, l’insécurité alimentaire et toutes les formes de malnutrition
    2024
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    Version abrégée de la publication phare de la FAO, L’État de la sécurité alimentaire et de la nutrition dans le monde 2024, cette brochure contient les principaux messages et le contenu de la publication et est destiné aux médias, aux responsables politiques et au grand public.