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Irrigating from space

Using remote sensing for agricultural water management









FAO and World Bank. 2022. Irrigating from space  Using remote sensing for agricultural water management. Investment briefRome, FAO.



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    Book (series)
    Mid-term evaluation of the project "Monitoring water productivity by remote sensing as a tool to assess possibilities to reduce water productivity gaps
    Project code: GCP/INT/229/NET
    2020
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    While population growth and economic development are putting unprecedented pressure on renewable, but finite water resources, especially in arid regions, scarce land and water resources are affecting food security and sustainable water management. FAO identified the need to implement a digital database built upon remote sensing and information technologies that can monitor and report on agricultural water productivity over Africa and Near East, accessible through the FAO Water Productivity through Open access of Remotely sensed derived data portal (WaPOR). The WaPOR database is now operational at continental level (all African and Near East countries covered by the 250 m spatial resolution data), national level (two beneficiary countries can access the WaPOR database at 100 m resolution) and subnational level with a spatial resolution of about 30 m, so far including eight areas of interest (river basins or irrigation schemes). Water Accounting Plus (WA+) reports based on remote sensing have been completed for three river basins as planned (Litani in Lebanon, Awash in Ethiopia and Jordan basin). An action framework at national level for capacity building and participatory decision making is currently being developed to make effective a “demand-driven” approach based on national and local needs.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    WaPOR quality assessment
    Technical report on the data quality of the WaPOR FAO database version 1.0
    2019
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    This report describes the quality assessment of the FAO’s data portal to monitor Water Productivity through Open access of Remotely sensed derived data (WaPOR 1.0). The WaPOR 1.0 data portal has been prepared as a major output of the project: ´Using Remote Sensing in support of solutions to reduce agricultural water productivity gaps’, funded by the Government of The Netherlands. The WaPOR database is a comprehensive database that provides information on biomass production (for food production) and evapotranspiration (for water consumption) for Africa and the Near East in near real time covering the period 1 January 2009 to date. This report is the result of an independent quality assessment of the different datasets available in WaPOR prepared by IHE-Delft. The quality assessment checks the consistency of the different layers and compares the individual layers to various other independent data sources, including: spatial data; auxiliary data and in-situ data. The report describes the results of the quality assessment per data layer for each specific theme as available on the FAO WaPOR portal.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    WaPOR database methodology
    Version 2 release, April 2020
    2020
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    The FAO portal to monitor Water Productivity through Open Access of Remotely sensed derived data (WaPOR) provides, as of today, access to 11 years of continued observations over Africa and the Near East. The portal provides open access to various spatial data layers related to land and water use for agricultural production and allows for direct data queries, time series analyses, area statistics and data download of key variables to estimate water and land productivity gaps in irrigated and rain fed agriculture. WaPOR Version 2 was launched in June 2019 based on extensive internal and external validation and quality assessment. This document describes the methodology used to produce Version 2 of the data at the 250m (Level 1), 100m (Level 2) and 30m (Level 3) resolution distributed through the WaPOR portal.

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