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Contribution of terrestrial animal source food to healthy diets for improved nutrition and health outcomes

An evidence and policy overview on the state of knowledge and gaps










FAO. 2023. Contribution of terrestrial animal source food to healthy diets for improved nutrition and health outcomes – An evidence and policy overview on the state of knowledge and gaps. Rome.





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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Contribution of terrestrial animal source food to healthy diets for improved nutrition and health outcomes
    Key messages
    2022
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    This brochure presents the key findings from Component Document 1 of the Assessment of the contribution of livestock to food security, sustainable agrifood systems, nutrition and healthy diets. Component Document 1 focused on the downstream impacts of terrestrial animal source food on healthy diets for improved nutrition and health.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Linkages between the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication and the CFS Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition 2021
    Despite being enshrined in Sustainable Development Goal 1, the complete eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition is still far from becoming a reality, with millions of people all over the world struggling to enjoy healthy diets. Fish and other aquatic foods are major contributors to the healthy diets of billions of people, within sustainable food systems, providing a unique source of fatty acids, essential micronutrients such as vitamin A and D, iron and calcium (among others). These products are often also the most affordable sources of animal protein. However, small-scale fishers, fish workers and their communities still face constraints in effectively participating in decision-making processes that shape their lives, therefore remaining marginalized, and their contribution to food security and nutrition remains under-recognized. The following two international instruments can help small-scale fisheries actors overcome these challenges: CFS Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition (VGFSN) and Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines).
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    Booklet
    Pacific food systems
    The role of fish and other aquatic foods for nutrition and health
    2023
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    From expert consultation, literature review, and the Pacific Food System regional dialogues (2021), this report distills seven recommendations, and their rationale, for realizing and maintaining the full nutritional and health benefits of fish and other aquatic foods in the Pacific Island region. The majority of Pacific Islanders live close to the coast, where harvesting, exchanging and eating fish and other aquatic foods are a part of daily life. Fish and other aquatic foods provide a rich source of micronutrients, omega-3 fatty acids and lean protein, and as such, provide a necessary complement to the carbohydrate-rich diets among Pacific Islanders. Because of shifts in broader dietary patterns, Pacific Islanders are struggling with the triple burden of malnutrition: undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and overnutrition. The diagnosis and recommendations provided in this report consider nutrition improvements that fisheries and coastal resource management can contribute to, but also brings to the fore the complementary intersectoral actions, that address both upstream and downstream determinants of malnutrition, needed to improve nutrition and health among Pacific Islanders. The seven recommendations to realize the full nutritional and health benefits of fish and other aquatic food are; (1) Safeguard fish and other aquatic foods for sustainable healthy diets: (2) Invest in multisectoral collaborations for nutrition: (3) Protect aquatic ecosystems to ensure a continuous supply of biodiverse fish and other aquatic foods for diets: (4) Raise awareness of the nutritional and health benefits of eating fish and other aquatic foods: (5) Design nutrition-sensitive strategies that serve women and also children during the first 1000 days of life (6) Develop and deliver food preservation techniques appropriate for fish and other aquatic foods to fill shortfalls (7) Strengthen trade and supply chains toward nutrition outcomes.

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