Thumbnail Image

Economic assessment of drought risk management

A two-tier framework for cost–benefit analysis of proactive versus reactive drought management









Cuevas, S, Pek, E. & Salman, M. 2024. Economic assessment of drought risk management – A two-tier framework for cost–benefit analysis of proactive versus reactive drought management. Rome, FAO. 




Also available in:
No results found.

Related items

Showing items related by metadata.

  • Thumbnail Image
    Document
    Good Practices for Hazard Risk Management in Agriculture. Summary Report Jamaica 2008
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    The vulnerability of the Caribbean region to hydro- meteorological hazards such as hurricanes, floods, drought, high magnitude rainfall and related hazards such landslides is underscored. The recurrent impacts of these events have wreaked havoc on environment, economy and society throughout the region. Although the contribution of agriculture to Caribbean regional GDP has steadily declined over the last two decades, this sector has remained a major employer of labour and as such a main player in the livelihood profile of the region. The extreme vulnerability of the agricultural sector to a variety of hazards/disaster has been a perpetual focus of hazard/disaster management and interventions in the Caribbean. Over the past decade, the FAO has regular responded to the relief/rehabilitation/reconstruction needs of the sector in the aftermath of hurricane-related disasters. While such response and rehabilitation interventions are important, the extent of devastation caused to the agricultu ral sector by the 2004-2005 hurricane seasons stresses the need to move from a reactive to a proactive mode in order to facilitate more long term and sustainable benefits form interventions. It is in recognition of the immense negative impact of the 2004 hurricane season on the agricultural landscape of the Caribbean region and in response to the urgent call for assistant from regional policy makers, that the Food and Agricultural Organization funded the regional project Assistance to improve lo cal agricultural emergency preparedness in Caribbean countries highly prone to hydro-meteorological hazards/disasters. Jamaica, Haiti, Cuba and Grenada were among the worst affected countries by hurricane-related disasters during 2004-2005, hence the urgent need to emphasize preparedness as a mitigation strategy for the impacts of these events. While the aforementioned countries all have Disaster and Risk Management (DRM) frameworks that address preparedness and mitigation issues to different extent and involve a wide cross-section of stakeholders, there are weaknesses in linking long-term development planning within the agricultural sector with the realities and projections of recurrent natural hazards/disasters and improving preparedness and mitigation measures. Until relatively recently, DRM has followed the traditional path of emphasis at the national and regional levels with scant regard for community level needs. Over the last 5 years the Caribbean region has been experiencing a paradigm shift in this regard, with increased recognition of the importance and advantages of community-based disaster management planning. It is this approach to DRM, which was applied in the regional FAO project. The project was organized in two phases. The first evaluated the DRM framework as well as identified and documented good practices employed by Jamaican small farmers in mitigating the impacts of hydrometeorological hazards in three pilot sites as well as in the broader agro-ecolo gical environment. The second phase involved the implementation of good practices – in case of Jamaica the Hedgerow/alley cropping technique in a selected community. The implementation process was undertaken in collaboration with the Rural Agricultural Development Authority and involved the provision of technical training as well as material inputs to participating farmers while at the same time ensuring that the project outputs are sustainable. Over 90 farmers, school children and agricultural extension officers were trained in the implementation of the technique while over 60 farmers benefited form the provision of inputs. Sustainability of project outputs was integral to the implementation process and in that regard various measures were implemented to ensure expansion of the technique beyond the pilot site as well as ensure sustainability. A number of important lessons were learned from the good practice implementation process, the most significant of which related to the role of N GO’s in the implementation of community level projects. Lessons learned and recommendations arising from the project are discussed later in this report
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Integrated flood management for resilient agrifood systems and rural development 2023
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    This report presents a perspective on the impacts of flooding in rural areas and how to address them in an integrated way that delivers multiple long-term benefits for people (food, water, and economic security) and nature. The challenges faced by rural communities are illustrated and a strategic approach to flood management is presented. The approach advocated is based on a paradigm of planning that connects the short and long term, seeks to simultaneously manage flood risk to people, their agrifood systems, related livelihoods and the economy, while promoting the positive (and necessary) role floods play in maintaining productive agriculture (and aquaculture) and ecosystem health. In doing so, the approach embeds the concepts of disaster risk reduction (DRR) that are integral to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, which contributes to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the crucial need to progress at pace towards the Sustainable Development Goals. The report highlights how flood management practice has evolved throughout history largely in response to flood events. This heuristic approach has yielded some important advances in both policy and planning. Central to this has been the shift from a reactive emergency-based response towards a proactive approach aimed at reducing and managing flood risks. There is however more to do. Recognizing that rural areas have received disproportionately less attention, and current approaches to planning and management are less well established in rural areas compared to urban areas (Asian Development Bank, 2018), a small number of recommendations are set to help make more rapid progress towards flood resilience in rural settings.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (series)
    The State of Food and Agriculture 2023
    Revealing the true cost of food to transform agrifood systems
    2023
    Agrifood systems generate significant benefits to society, including the food that nourishes us and jobs and livelihoods for over a billion people. However, their negative impacts due to unsustainable business-as-usual activities and practices are contributing to climate change, natural resource degradation and the unaffordability of healthy diets. Addressing these negative impacts is challenging, because people, businesses, governments and other stakeholders lack a complete picture of how their activities affect economic, social and environmental sustainability when they make decisions on a day-to-day basis.The State of Food and Agriculture 2023 looks into the true cost of food for sustainable agrifood systems. The report introduces the concept of hidden environmental, health and social costs and benefits of agrifood systems and proposes an approach – true cost accounting (TCA) – to assess them. To operationalize the TCA approach, the report proposes a two-phase assessment process, first relying on national-level TCA assessments to raise awareness and then moving towards in-depth and targeted evaluations to prioritize solutions and guide transformative actions. It provides a first attempt at national-level assessments for 154 countries, suggesting that global hidden costs from agrifood systems amount to at least to 10 trillion 2020 PPP dollars. The estimates indicate that low-income countries bear the highest burden of the hidden costs of agrifood systems relative to national income. Despite the preliminary nature of these estimates, the analysis reveals the urgent need to factor hidden costs into decision-making for the transformation of agrifood systems. Innovations in research and data, alongside investments in data collection and capacity building, are needed to scale the application of TCA, especially in low- and middle-income countries, so that it can become a viable tool to inform decision- and policymaking in a transparent and consistent way.

Users also downloaded

Showing related downloaded files

No results found.