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Improving national and regional locust management in Caucasus and Central Asia









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    Locust management in Caucasus and Central Asia - Food chain crisis- Emergency Prevention System (FCC-EMPRES) 2017
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    Locusts and grasshoppers are a serious threat to agriculture, including pastures and rangelands, in Caucasus and Central Asia, with an area of more than 25 million hectares concerned. During outbreaks, the three main locust pests, the Italian Locust, the Moroccan Locust and the Migratory Locust, attack all kinds of crops and plants and jeopardize food security and livelihoods: putting at least 20 million people at risk. The most affected populations are living in rural areas, where human health and the environment can suffer from negative impacts of locust control operations using conventional pesticides. To reduce the occurrence and intensity of locust outbreaks in Caucasus and Central Asia, FAO has been implementing since 2011 a regional “Programme to improve national and regional locust management in Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA)”.
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    Towards sustainable locust management in Caucasus and Central Asia 2018
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    Locusts and grasshoppers are a serious threat to agriculture, including pastures and rangelands, in Caucasus and Central Asia, where more than 25 million hectares are concerned. During outbreaks, the three main locust pests, the Asian Migratory Locust (Locusta migratoria migratoria), the Italian Locust (Calliptamus italicus) and the Moroccan Locust (Dociostaurus maroccanus), attack all kinds of crops and natural vegetation and jeopardise food security and livelihoods of at least 20 million people. The most affected populations are the most vulnerable rural communities, whose health and environment can moreover suffer from adverse impacts of locust control operations. To reduce the occurrence and intensity of locust outbreaks, FAO has been implementing a regional “Programme to improve national and regional locust management in Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA)” since 2011.
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    Project for Improvement of Locust Management (Phase 2) 2021
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    Locusts and grasshoppers are serious threats to agriculture in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA). Three locust pests, the Italian (CIT), the Moroccan (DMA) and the Migratory (LMI) locusts, jeopardize food security and livelihoods in both regions as well as in adjacent areas of northern Afghanistan and the southern Russian Federation. Over 25 million hectares of cultivated areas are potentially at risk. Most of the affected countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia region still have insufficient resources for locust monitoring and control operations, including shortage of experienced staff and up-to-date monitoring, communication, positioning and control equipment and techniques. In 2020, the “Project for Improvement of Locust Management (Phase 2)” (GCP/INT/384/JCA) has been approved to the benefit of six Central Asian countries, namely Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.Project overall objective is to contribute to food security and livelihoods of the rural populations in Central Asia by preventing and limiting the threats of damage to crops and rangelands posed by locusts, in the respect of human health and the environment. This project builds up on previously Japan/JICA-funded project on locusts in Central Asia, successfully implemented in three countries (Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan) between 2015 and 2019. Phase 2 thus represents a continuation and expansion of the previous one, including three additional countries (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan).

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