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What you need to know about epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) - An extension brochure







FAO. 2009. What you need to know about epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) – An extension brochure. Rome, FAO. 33p.


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    Booklet
    What you need to know about epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) – An extension brochure for Africa 2020
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    This extension brochure – What you need to know about epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) – provides simple facts or answers to frequently asked questions about EUS. This brochure is intended to address a wide range of audiences from fish farmers and fishermen to extension officers as well as policy-makers as a public information campaign to make available factual information about the disease so that awareness may be raised for a better understanding of its potential impact.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Report of the International Emergency Fish Disease Investigation Mission on a Suspected Outbreak of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 13-19 March 2015 2017
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    In response to a request for an emergency technical assistance from the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in connection with a serious disease affecting fish in Lokame River in Loko and in Mbanza Oton, 60 km from Gbadolite, FAO formed an International Emergency Disease Investigation Task Force. The overall objective of the Task Force was to (1) confirm that an outbreak was happening; establish a case definition and presumptive diagnosis of the causative agent; (2) collect and process fish samples for relevant laboratory tests; (3) identify risk factors, confirm diagnosis and define further investigation or follow-up work; (4) recommend border/cross border control measures to prevent further spread of the disease; (5) identify specific short-term and medium-term biosecurity action plans that the government may undertake; and (6) provide further recommendations to FAO on how to prevent the further spread of the disease. Some members of the Task Force travelled to DRC from 13 to 19 March 2015, conducted field investigations and laboratory test and has confirmed the presence of the epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) using three recommended confirmatory tests such as: (i) demonstration of mycotic granulomas and fungal structures in stained histological sections, (ii) isolation of Aphanomyces invadans on culture media and (iii) positive identification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of A. invadans genomic DNA. The Task Force concluded that permissive facto rs that favoured the propagation, infectivity and disease occurrence of EUS occur in the rivers and streams investigated in the Equateur Province of DRC. The findings also showed that environmental, climatic, water quality and human demographic conditions in the Congo River basin support the possibility of pandemic spread of the disease. The Task Force suggested several actions which need to be undertaken to curb the spread of the outbreak. These include active surveillance and monitoring of fi sh markets and other food channels used in the movement of live fish, capacity building for involved government personnel to strengthen knowledge and expertise in the identification and control of the disease through biosecurity measures, continued dialogue among DRC, neighbouring countries and FAO about EUS status including subregional disease surveillance, monitoring, and response programmes, and the formulation of a national aquatic biosecurity strategy for DRC.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Document
    Ce qu’il faut savoir sur LE SYNDROME EPIZOOTIQUE (SUE) 2009
    Also available in:

    Cette brochure de vulgarisation – Ce qu’il faut savoir sur le syndrome ulcératif épizootique (SUE) – présente de faits simples ou des questions fréquemment posées sur le SUE. Cette brochure est destinée à un vaste public allant des pêcheurs aux décideurs en passant par les pisciculteurs et les agents de vulgarisation. Elle est destinée à les sensibiliser au SUE en mettant à leur disposition des informations factuelles sur la maladie afin de la faire mieux connaître et d’offrir une meilleure com préhension de son impact potentiel. Cette brochure, résultant du Projet de coopération technique de la FAO TCP/RAF/311, Aide d’urgence pour lutter contre le syndrome ulcératif épizootique dans le système fluvial du Chobe/Zambèze, a été préparée sous la supervision technique du Dr Melba B. Reantaso et du Dr Rohana P. Subasinghe de la Division de l’utilisation et de la conservation des ressources des pêches et de l’aquaculture, Département des pêches et de l’aquaculture de la FAO.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Booklet
    What you need to know about epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) – An extension brochure for Africa 2020
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    This extension brochure – What you need to know about epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) – provides simple facts or answers to frequently asked questions about EUS. This brochure is intended to address a wide range of audiences from fish farmers and fishermen to extension officers as well as policy-makers as a public information campaign to make available factual information about the disease so that awareness may be raised for a better understanding of its potential impact.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Report of the International Emergency Fish Disease Investigation Mission on a Suspected Outbreak of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 13-19 March 2015 2017
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    In response to a request for an emergency technical assistance from the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in connection with a serious disease affecting fish in Lokame River in Loko and in Mbanza Oton, 60 km from Gbadolite, FAO formed an International Emergency Disease Investigation Task Force. The overall objective of the Task Force was to (1) confirm that an outbreak was happening; establish a case definition and presumptive diagnosis of the causative agent; (2) collect and process fish samples for relevant laboratory tests; (3) identify risk factors, confirm diagnosis and define further investigation or follow-up work; (4) recommend border/cross border control measures to prevent further spread of the disease; (5) identify specific short-term and medium-term biosecurity action plans that the government may undertake; and (6) provide further recommendations to FAO on how to prevent the further spread of the disease. Some members of the Task Force travelled to DRC from 13 to 19 March 2015, conducted field investigations and laboratory test and has confirmed the presence of the epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) using three recommended confirmatory tests such as: (i) demonstration of mycotic granulomas and fungal structures in stained histological sections, (ii) isolation of Aphanomyces invadans on culture media and (iii) positive identification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of A. invadans genomic DNA. The Task Force concluded that permissive facto rs that favoured the propagation, infectivity and disease occurrence of EUS occur in the rivers and streams investigated in the Equateur Province of DRC. The findings also showed that environmental, climatic, water quality and human demographic conditions in the Congo River basin support the possibility of pandemic spread of the disease. The Task Force suggested several actions which need to be undertaken to curb the spread of the outbreak. These include active surveillance and monitoring of fi sh markets and other food channels used in the movement of live fish, capacity building for involved government personnel to strengthen knowledge and expertise in the identification and control of the disease through biosecurity measures, continued dialogue among DRC, neighbouring countries and FAO about EUS status including subregional disease surveillance, monitoring, and response programmes, and the formulation of a national aquatic biosecurity strategy for DRC.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Document
    Ce qu’il faut savoir sur LE SYNDROME EPIZOOTIQUE (SUE) 2009
    Also available in:

    Cette brochure de vulgarisation – Ce qu’il faut savoir sur le syndrome ulcératif épizootique (SUE) – présente de faits simples ou des questions fréquemment posées sur le SUE. Cette brochure est destinée à un vaste public allant des pêcheurs aux décideurs en passant par les pisciculteurs et les agents de vulgarisation. Elle est destinée à les sensibiliser au SUE en mettant à leur disposition des informations factuelles sur la maladie afin de la faire mieux connaître et d’offrir une meilleure com préhension de son impact potentiel. Cette brochure, résultant du Projet de coopération technique de la FAO TCP/RAF/311, Aide d’urgence pour lutter contre le syndrome ulcératif épizootique dans le système fluvial du Chobe/Zambèze, a été préparée sous la supervision technique du Dr Melba B. Reantaso et du Dr Rohana P. Subasinghe de la Division de l’utilisation et de la conservation des ressources des pêches et de l’aquaculture, Département des pêches et de l’aquaculture de la FAO.

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