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Intellectual property rights in plant varieties

International legal regimes and policy options for national governments











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    Book (series)
    Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Varieties: An Overview with Options for National Governments 2002
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    Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are legal rights granted by government al authorities to control certain products of human intellectual effort and ingenuity. (OECD 1996, at 12). An in- depth discussion of the philosophical and policy goals served by gran ting legal protection to these products is beyond the scope of this report. However, a basic familiarity with these goals is necessary to grasp how national and international intellectual property systems and institutions have evolv ed to their present forms and to understand the constraints that those systems and institutions place on governments seeking to implement competing policy objectives in tension with IPRs.
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    Farmers' Rights
    Educational Module on Farmers' rights
    2017
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    Farmers’ Rights under the International Treaty is the fifth in a series of educational modules being developed under the coordination of the Secretariat of the International Treaty to strengthen capacities for the effective implementation of the International Treaty among its stakeholder groups. The work on these training materials was officially welcomed by the Governing Body of the International Treaty at its fourth session. The educational modules are aimed at all stakeholder groups of the International Treaty, including policy makers and their staff, civil servants, gene bank staff, plant breeders, farmers’ organizations and other civil society organizations. They are also designed as information and awareness raising materials for the use of media, academia, prospective donors and other interested institutions.
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    Identifying Benefit Flows
    Studies on the Potential Monetary and Non-Monetary Benefits Arising from the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
    2013
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    Plant genetic resources (PGR) for food and agriculture are the basis of world food security. Access by farmers and plant breeders everywhere to the widest possible range of plant germplasm is of crucial importance for crop improvement, for confronting environmental and agricultural challenges such as climate change, and for ensuring economic and social development as well as food security for a world population expected to reach 9 billion people by 2050. In this context, the Conferen ce of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) adopted the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (‘the Treaty’) on 3 November 2001, following seven years of negotiations. The Treaty, which came into force on 29 June 2004, establishes a binding international framework for the conservation and sustainable use of PGR for food and agriculture, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use. As of 1 April 2 013, the Treaty had been ratified by 127 states

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