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Status and trends reporting in fisheries: A review of progress and approaches to reporting the state of world fisheries










Evans, D.W. Status and trends reporting in fisheries: A review of progress and approaches to reporting the state of world fisheries FAO Fisheries Circular. No. 967. Rome, FAO. 2001. 74p.


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    Book (series)
    ACFR - Report of the Working Party on Status and Trends of Fisheries. Rome, 30 November - 3 December 1999. 2000
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    The Advisory Committee on Fisheries Research (ACFR) at its First Session proposed as a priority the establishment by FAO of a Working Party on Status and Trends of Fisheries to: (a) evaluate data needs for status and trends reporting on a global scale on marine fisheries and propose a common template of essential information elements; (b) propose arrangements for the involvement of regional fishery bodies and non-FAO experts in a consensus-seeking process for assembling, reviewing and di sseminating fishery status and trends information (including reporting to COFI), and (c) advise on the relationship between FAO's data collection and status and trends reporting programme and the Living Marine Resources module of the Global Ocean Observing System (LMR-GOOS). This is the report of the first meeting of the Working Party which met in Rome from 30 November to 3 December 1999. Owing to the importance of status and trends reports, and the scrutiny they receive, the Working P arty recommended that the global system of status and trends reporting be advanced by: (a) increasing completeness by including some fisheries and fishery resources that are currently under-represented; (b) expanding the scope of current reports which are primarily on catch and fishery resource information to include other dimensions of fisheries (e.g. reports on economic and social aspects), and (c) enhancing quality assurance and credibility. The Working Party endorsed FAO’s recent d evelopment of an advanced Web-based fisheries information system for status and trends information (currently referred to as FIGIS) as a critical tool for advancing status and trend reporting. The Working Party recommended that a draft International Plan of Action to advance status and trends reporting on world fisheries should be prepared, which would include: (a) steps to complete development of a status and trends information database; (b) capacity building and arrangements for usin g FIGIS; (c) development of cost-effective methods for acquiring and validating information on the status and trends of small-scale fisheries and multispecies fisheries; (d) an inventory of world fisheries and stocks; (e) priority for expanding the scope of status and trends reporting; (f) appropriate partnership arrangements with existing regional bodies, and other entities; (g) identification of needs and opportunities for new regional arrangements where appropriate arrangements do n ot now exist; (h) practical guidelines for quality assurance, and (i) the role of local, regional, and global scientific working parties as a vehicle for status and trends reporting, capacity building, and quality assurance.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Fisheries data quality indicators
    review of progress and further approaches to addressing data quality and data cost-effectiveness
    2003
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    This paper reviews the approaches being undertaken in national and international institutions on general statistical data quality issues, plus attention to the information focus required for the sustainable conduct of appropriate fisheries management for sustainable fish stock use. It outlines an approach to initial implementation of some elements of the “Strategy for improving information on status and trends of capture fisheries and the code of conduct for responsible fisheries”. In particular , it addresses the Strategy’s call for improved data quality, which has provisions concerning criteria and methods for ensuring information quality and security, including the issue of ‘applicable confidentiality. It also outlines the basis for developing an understanding of the cost-effectiveness of improved statistical projects and programmes in supporting improved fisheries science and better management.
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    Meeting
    Report of the Ninth Session of the IOTC Working Party on Ecosystems and Bycatch 2013
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    The Ninth Session of the Indian Ocean Tu Commission‘s (IOTC) Working Party on Ecosystems and Bycatch (WPEB) was held in La Reunion, France, from 12 to 16 September 2013. A total of 32 participants (48 in 2012) attended the Session. The meeting was opened by Mr Ludovic Courtois, Secrétaire général du Comité régiol des pêches maritimes et des élevages marins (CRPMEM) de La Réunion, who welcomed participants to La Reunion and formally opened the Ninth Session of the IOTC Working Party on Ecosystems and Bycatch. The Chair, Dr. Charles Anderson also subsequently welcomed participants to La Reunion, including the Invited Expert, Dr. Ronel Nel, from the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Employment of a Fisheries Officer NOTING the rapidly increasing scientific workload at the IOTC Secretariat, including a wide range of additiol duties on ecosystems and bycatch assigned to it by the SC and the Commission, and that the new Fishery Officer (Science) supporting the IOTC scientific activities has not been given a mandate by the Commission to work on ecosystems and bycatch matters, the WPEB strongly RECOMMENDED that the Commission approve the hiring of a Fishery Officer (Bycatch) to work on bycatch matters in support of the scientific process. (para.12) Regiol observer scheme The WPEB RECOMMENDED that the Compliance Committee and Commission consider how to address the lack of implementation of regiol observer schemes by CPCs for their fleets and reporti ng to the IOTC Secretariat as per the provision of Resolution 11/04 on a Regiol Observer Scheme, noting the update provided in Appendix VI. (para.35) The WPEB RECOMMENDED that as a priority, the IOTC Secretariat should immediately commence work with CPCs that are yet to develop and implement a Regiol Observer Scheme that would meet the requirements contained in Resolution 11/04, and provide an update at the next session of the WPEB. (para.37) Training for CPCs having gillnet fleets on species id entification, bycatch mitigation and data collection methods and also to identify other potential sources of assistance – Development of plans of action The WPEB RECOMMENDED that the Commission allocate funds in its 2014 and 2015 budgets for the IOTC Secretariat to carry out training for CPCs having gillnet fleets on bycatch mitigation methods, species identification, and data collection methods (budget estimate: Table 4). (para.64) Ecological Risk Assessment: review of current knowledge and pot ential magement implications The WPEB RECOMMENDED that the Commission note the list of the 10 most vulnerable shark species to longline gear (Table 7) and purse seine gear (Table 8) in the Indian Ocean, as determined by a productivity susceptibility alysis, compared to the list of shark species/groups required to be recorded for each gear, contained in Resolution 13/03 on the recording of catch and effort by fishing vessels in the IOTC area of competence. At the next revision to Resolution 13/03 , the Commission may wish to add the missing species/groups of sharks and rays. (para.123) Review of data needs and way forward for the evaluation of shark stocks NOTING that Resolution 10/02 mandatory statistical requirements for IOTC Members and Cooperating Non- Contracting Parties (CPC's), makes provision for data to be reported to the IOTC on ?the most commonly caught shark species and, where possible, to the less common shark species?, without giving any list defining the most common and le ss common species, and recognising the general lack of shark data being recorded and reported to the IOTC Secretariat, the WPEB RECOMMENDED that Resolution 10/02 is revised in order to include the list of most commonly caught elasmobranch species (Table 10) for which nomil catch data shall be reported as part of the statistical requirement for IOTC CPCs. (para.138) Review of Resolution 12/04 on the conservation of marine turtles The WPEB RECOMMENDED that at the next revision of IOTC Resolution 1 2/04 on the conservation of marine turtles, the measure is strengthened to ensure that where possible, CPCs report annually on the total estimated level of incidental catches of marine turtles, by species, as provided at Table 12. (para.168) Resolution 10/02 Mandatory statistical [reporting] requirements for IOTC Members and Cooperating Non- Contracting Parties (CPCs) NOTING that Resolution 10/02 does not make provisions for data to be reported to the IOTC on marine turtles, the WPEB RECOMMENDED that Resolution 10/02 is revised in order to make the reporting requirements coherent with those stated in Resolution 12/04 on the conservation of marine turtles and Resolution 13/03 on On the recording of catch and effort by fishing vessels in the IOTC area of competence. (para.169) Format of future WPEB Sessions The WPEB RECOMMENDED that the SC note the following: (para.253) ? The WPEB DISCUSSED the future format in order to focus the efforts of scientists working on different groups of bycat ch species to address more efficiently, the mandate of the group. ? The WPEB CONSIDERED a range of options which the SC is asked to consider: o Option 1: The current WPEB be split into two; A dedicated Working Party on Sharks (WPS) and a Working Party on Ecosystems and Bycatch (WPEB). o Option 2: Retaining the WPEB in its current form, with alterting focus of sharks in one year, followed by other ecosystem and bycatch issues in the next year. o Option 3: Maintaining the WPEB with clear guideline s to deal with sharks every year, as well as other issues and bycatch groups in alterte years or as required. ? The WPEB AGREED that shark issues were important to address on a yearly basis. Election of a Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson for the next biennium The WPEB RECOMMENDED that the SC note the new Chairperson, Dr. Rui Coelho (EU,Portugal) and Vice- Chairperson, Dr. Evgeny Romanov (La Réunion), of the WPEB for the next biennium. (para.263) Report of the Ninth Session of the Working Party o n Ecosystems and Bycatch The WPEB RECOMMENDED that the Scientific Committee consider the consolidated set of recommendations arising from WPEB09, provided at Appendix XXI, as well as the magement advice provided in the draft resource stock status summary for each of the seven shark species, as well of those for marine turtles and seabirds: (para.265) Sharks o Blue sharks (Prioce glauca) – Appendix X o Oceanic whitetip sharks (Carcharhinus longimanus) – Appendix XI o Scalloped hammerhead sharks ( Sphyr lewini) – Appendix XII o Shortfin mako sharks (Isurus oxyrinchus) – Appendix XIII o Silky sharks (Carcharhinus falciformis) – Appendix XIV o Bigeye thresher sharks (Alopias superciliosus) – Appendix XV o Pelagic thresher sharks (Alopias pelagicus) – Appendix XVI Other species/groups o Marine turtles – Appendix XVII o Seabirds – Appendix XVIII A summary of the stock status for some of the most commonly caught shark species caught in association with IOTC fisheries for tu and tu-like species is provided in Table 1.

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