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Waste management opportunities for rural communities - Composting as an effective waste management strategy for farm households and others

Composting as an effective waste management strategy for farm households and others







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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Compost as solid waste management in Jordan
    Making every voice count for adaptive management (MEV-CAM) good practices: engage, learn, inspire
    2023
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    Zaatari Refugee Camp (ZRC), in Northern Jordan, is the seventh-largest refugee camp globally, and it hosts around 80 000 Syrian refugees. This new population generates 34 metric tons (MT) of waste, which is collected and trucked out of the camp daily. Disposing the solid waste has become one of the most serious environmental problems in Jordan, with much of its waste ending up in landfill. FAO in Jordan established a 16 MT capacity waste processing facility within the framework of the “Enhancing resilient livelihoods and food security of hostcommunities and Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon through the promotion of sustainable agricultural development” project, funded by the EU through its Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis (MADAD). The project is implemented by FAO in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture,WFP and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). As a result, nearly 1,000 tons of waste is turned into compost annually. Composting is an excellent way of reducing the amount of solid waste going into landfills. Composting is a natural breakdown process which turns raw organic materials into biologically stable organic fertilisers or soil conditioner. Compost is crucial in the agricultural sector because of its positive effect on soil and plant health, without damaging groundwater. This practice has improved the sustainability of the ZRC, provided jobs for refugees and improved soil conditions for local farmers. The reader will be able to know more about this good practice,which was extracted by FAO's MEV-CAM initiative, working alongside communities participating in the MADAD project in Zaatari Fefugee Camp. This document aims to show the impact of good practices on local communities, from their own perspective. MEV-CAM will share these insights through the South –South Cooperation Knowledge Gateway, a platform designed to link the local knowledge held in these good practices with technical guidance.
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    Document
    Food, Agriculture and Cities. Challenges of Food and Nutrition Security, Agriculture and Ecosystem Management in an Urbanizing World 2011
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    Urbanization is one of the key drivers of change in the world today. The world‟s urban population currently stands at around 3.5 billion. It will almost double to more than 6 billion by 2050. This is a challenge not only for urban areas but also for rural areas, because many people, especially the young, will migrate from rural areas to urban areas over this period. When addressing urbanization challenges, we are also addressing, directly or indirectly, rural and territorial development. What do we have to do to ensure people‟s access to good nutrition in cities? What do we have to do to produce enough food for urban dwellers? What infrastructures are needed and what kind of food production is possible in cities? How can cities preserve the services of the surrounding ecosystems? A very wide range of important issues links urbanization and food security. The “Food for the Cities” multidisciplinary initiative started in FAO in the year 2000. It has covered a great variety of areas such as food supply, nutrition education, school gardens, urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry; how to support small producers in urban and peri-urban areas, waste management and re-use of wastewater. The experience shows conclusively that we all need to work in partnership when addressing issues of urbanization and food security, from the public sector, the private sector and civil society. Local authorities are key players in this context, however, urban actors have often not considered th e food system an important issue when designing, planning and managing cities. The perception has been because food is there and one can easily buy it in the supermarkets or along the streets, that food will always be there. This perception was altered for many in 2008, when the food prices peaked. More than 20 countries around the world experienced food riots in urban areas. Hunger, now in both rural and urban areas, has now become vocal, and this is changing the political scene. All stakeholde rs need to work together at global and local levels, for advocacy, for project implementation, but also for raising awareness on urbanization and food security as one of the key issues of our times. This position paper addresses a wide audience, from field workers to decision makers, to help understand the challenges that continuing urbanization brings to food, agriculture, and the management of natural resources. The approach proposed here is based on four dimensions that characterize, design a nd implement food systems for cities. The paper has been prepared as a support for all actors to help advocate for political support and to assist in developing operational strategies adapted to local realities. Food and nutrition security in cities can not be taken for granted. It is part of a complex system. Supporting the most vulnerable groups in an urbanizing world demands discussions on food, agriculture and cities in the context of rural-urban linkages.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Soil management: compost production and use in tropical and subtropical environments
    FAO Soils Bulletin No. 56
    1987
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    The objective of this Soils Bulletin is to promote the use of locally available organic materials to increase soil organic matter content for improvement of soil fertility, and as a sources of plant nutrients in conjunction with mineral fertilizers. This manual is written for all those concerned with the maintenance and improvement of soil fertility, especially under tropical and subtropical conditions. It contains material for use in farmer training. The severe drought and famine in parts of Africa in 1985 have shown the necessity for adequate soil organic matter to prevent hillside erosion and to retain moisture in the soil for crop growth. The cost of mineral fertilizers and their relative scarcity in some areas has increased the need to recycle waste organic materials as sources of crop nutrients. This Bulletin explains the basic composting process, suitable organic wastes, practical composting methods, use of the product in a variety of situations and a consideration of econo mic and social benefits. It also deals with approaches to practical extension work with farmers on the subject.

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