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Food Inspection System in Turkey and a short look to new developments








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    Hygiene practice manual for radish sprouts production in Japan 2001
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    Hydroponically grown radish (Raphanus sativus) sprouts served in school lunch were epidemiologically implicated as causative vehicle of Escherichia coli O157:H7 at the largest outbreak occurred in Sakai City, Japan, in 1996. Laboratory experiments suggested the possibility that E. coli O157:H7 had grown during radish sprouts production. In order to improve sanitation level in radish sprout production, the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, in cooperation with the Ministry of Health and Welfare, developed hygiene practice manual for radish sprouts production in October 1996, then revised it in March 1998. The manual has adopted the concept of HACCP and identifies supplied water and seeds as critical control points (CCP).
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    The HACCP-based inspection models project (A New Public Health Approach in the U.S. Slaughter Industry)
    Country Paper proposed by the USA
    2002
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    The U.S. Department of Agriculture's landmark 1996 rule, the "Pathogen Reduction; Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Systems (PR/HACCP)" final rule forms the cornerstone for the U.S. food safety strategy for meat and poultry products. However, the PR/HACCP rule did not extend HACCP concepts to slaughter. A new approach to food safety, the HACCP-Based Inspection Models Project (HIMP), was initiated. The new system enables establishments to fully integrate their production processes. Estab lishment employees conduct sorting activities based on initial anatomical and pathological examination of carcasses, followed by government inspection of each carcass and verification of the establishment HACCP and slaughter process controls. The U.S. Department of Agriculture contracted with an independent private corporation to measure the organoleptic and microbiologic accomplishments of the traditional inspection system in young chickens, market hogs, and young turkeys. The Department developed new science based organoleptic performance standards from this data collection. Establishments in the HIMP initiative were provided flexibility in how best to meet those performance standards. Data collected in the project to date, by both the independent contractor and in-plant inspectors, show important improvements in both food safety and non-food safety conditions. The Department intends to propose the appropriate regulatory changes that adopt the new inspection system.
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    The need to build the capacity of consumer organisations for improved participation in Codex 2001
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    The role consumer organisations can have in strengthening the capacity and effectiveness of food safety and control systems in developing countries cannot be underestimated. From the standards setting process to the monitoring of foods in the marketplace, consumer organisations provide a critical yet neutral voice in supporting government efforts to improve the safety consumers face in the market place. Their involvement furthers consumer confidence in government systems and processes. Howe ver for them to play their full role, more work is needed to build the capacity of these organisations and also ensure their voice is heard within policy making processes. Consumers International has been successful in strengthening consumer organisations' ability to contribute to food safety issues. However these efforts need to be supported directly by Codex Alimentarius. Consumers International acknowledges the trust proposed by both FAO/WHO and are hopeful that some of the proceeds from this fund will be used to address the issues on capacity building of consumer organisations raised by this paper.

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