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End of Assignment Report - Provincial Aquaculture Development Project (LAO/97/007)








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    Provincial Aquaculture Development Project Phase II Formulation Mission 2000
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    This consultancy was carried out within the scope of the “Provincial Aquaculture Development Project” LAO/97/007, to develop a phase II project proposal for potential funding by United Nations Development Program . This consultancy mission report consists of two principle sections; the Phase II proposal document for consideration by UNDP and an overview document of the role of small-scale aquaculture in rural Lao livelihoods. The Phase II project proposal is principally intended for UNDP’s con sideration for support and therefore reflects UNDP’s development objectives. The purpose of this proposal for use with alternative donors, is as a starting point for dialogue in the funding process. The identification of potential alternative sources of funding for the second phase is to be pursued by UNDP, FAO and the Project, based on discussions initiated during this consultancy mission.
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    Small-scale rural aquaculture in Lao PDR (Part I) 1999
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    The Provincial Aquaculture Development Project (LAO/97/007) is funded as part of a UNDPcountry programme for rural development. The project is government executed through theDepartment of Livestock and Fisheries, with technical and management assistance provided byFAO. The project duration is three years (November 1997 – December 2000).
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    Aquatic Animal Health Management Issues In Rural Aquaculture Development In Lao PDR 1999
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    This paper describes the role of small-scale aquaculture in subsistence farming systems in rural Lao PDR. Small-scale aquaculture is a popular component of subsistence farming systems in Lao PDR, however rice cultivation is the principle activity during them on soon season and collection of aquatic products from rice fields is common. Results from a consumption and production survey of rural Lao subsistence farmers, many of whom were engaged in fish culture (84 %), are presented. Consumption of fish and aquatic products was estimated between 13 - 48 kg.capita-1.yr-1, representing between22% - 55% of animal product consumption. Livestock and fish production are the principle forms of income generation and the average value of fish production was $81per household; overall family income ranged between $372 - $594.household-1.yr-1.Minimising risk is a principal strategy in subsistence farming and this is reflected in the low input and low productivity of Lao rural aquaculture. Average pond size ranges between 550 - 1,520 m2, with water depth of about 50 cm. Productivity is low (417 - 708kg.ha-1.yr-1) due to low stocking densities (1 - 4 fish.m-2) and limited feeding. Low input aquaculture systems are not disease prone, but may become so during the dry season, or when increased inputs are applied. Livestock production is perceived as high risk due to disease, whereas the lack of significant losses in aquaculture is seen as a positive feature. Shortage of fingerlings for stocking a quaculture ponds and rice fields encourages importation from neighbouring countries. These imported fingerlings are often poor quality and survival appears to below. There is also a potential risk of introduction of diseases present in the countries of origin. Production of fingerlings within Lao PDR is limited to provincial hatcheries and a few private entrepreneurs. This activity is increasing and is susceptible to health management related problems. Health management issues limit production in Lao PDR and thereby constrain development, but are not causing direct economic loss. This may not be the case with respect to impacts on wild fisheries and fish movements. The lack of baseline information on aquatic animal health issues available for Lao PDR limits the ability to assess risk in the aquaculture and fisheries sectors.

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