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Preliminary desk study on Livestock-Environment interactions in watersheds in India.








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    Document
    Livestock Environment and Development in Watersheds – Policy Note
    Semi Arid India – CALPI Programme Series 1
    2005
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    The Policy note deals with livestock – environment interactions in the watershed areas. It aims at striking a balance between making livestock a viable livelihood option and preserving the environment by promotion of sustainable resource management practices. The paper provides recommendations for achieving this balance and is targeted at policy makers, implementers, practitioners, NGOs, government departments, gram panchayats and community-based organizations. Various critical issues addressed here include common property resources, availability of quality services such as feeding, breeding, disease control, formal institutional credit and marketing, integration of livestock in watershed development programmes and so on. Every issue addressed is backed by case studies depicting best practices that can be adopted to overcome the issue. The paper recommends creating increased awareness to the various stakeholders, providing alternatives to grazing issues, measures that can help overcome fodder scarcity during drought, provisions for drinking water for livestock, coordination between various departments and training to overcome issues related to livestock-environment interactions. It advocates incorporating livestock component into the watershed programmes at the designing stage itself.
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    Livestock- Environment interactions in Watersheds: Policy issue
    A report on the policy round table
    2005
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    This document is a report on a Round Table policy dialogue aimed to address the policy and institutional issues related to livestock-livelihoods-environment-watersheds interactions in semi-arid areas of Maharashtra. This workshop was aimed at presenting the conclusions of the LEAD study, review of the current livestock and watershed policies of Maharashtra, and to initiate a policy dialogue with stakeholders for actionable policy interventions. The report provides a summary of the workshop presentations. This includes a paper on the ‘Livestock Production Systems in Marginal Areas’ by Ranjitha Puskur from IWMI emphasising on the inter-linkages between livestock production, resource endowment and market conditions in watersheds and the management of resources and the policy environment. Other papers such as ‘Groundwater Policies and Situation in the State of Maharashtra’ by S. P. Bagade Additional Director, GSDA and a paper on ‘Livestock – Environment interactions in watershed: Sust ainability issues- some inputs from forestry sector’ by Dr. A. K. Jha, the Joint Director, Social Forestry are included.
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    Lead India Networking Workshop 25-27 February, 2004 2004
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    The report focuses on the various activities such as testing of the Livestock environment interactions (LEI) tool box in India, National workshop on LEI in Pune, desk study by Dr.Mangurkar and team members in the year 2000 on the sustainable approaches for effective utilization of livestock resources in the context of watersheds, a teachers training on LEI in 2001 etc undertaken by the Swiss Agency for development – Intercooperation’s (SDC-IC) , LEAD. It also focuses on the interim findings o f Dr. Ranjita Puskur’s research to enhance the knowledge in livestock-environments-watershed triad, steps for the effective management of information management/ communication/ dissemination.

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