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Food balance sheets 2010–2021

Global, regional and country trends










FAO. 2023. Food balance sheets 2010–2021. Global, regional and country trends. FAOSTAT AnalyticalBrief Series No. 72. Rome.




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    Booklet
    Food balances 2010–2019
    Global, regional and country trends
    2022
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    FAO's Statistics Division compiles Food Balance Sheet (FBS) statistics for 181 countries. FBS present a comprehensive picture of the agrifood situation of a country in a specified reference period, showing the pattern of a country's food supply and utilizations. FAOSTAT data domain disseminates statistics on food balance sheets compiled using the new methodology from 2010 to 2019. The historic time series back to 1961 consist of data derived from the old FBS methodology.
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    Booklet
    Food and commodity balances 2010–2020
    Global, regional and country trends
    2022
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    FAO Statistics Division compiles Food Balance Sheet (FBS) statistics for 187 countries, which present a comprehensive picture of the agri-food situation of a country in a specified reference period, showing the pattern of a country's food supply and utilizations. FAOSTAT Food Balances domain disseminates statistics on FBS compiled using a new FAO methodology from 2010 to 2020. This brief analyzes the latest update.
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    Does better nutrition cause economic growth? The efficiency cost of hunger revisited 2002
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    This paper considers the impact of the nutritional status on the growth rate of real GDP per capita. In particular, a panel of 114 countries’ Dietary Energy Supply (DES) per capita from 1961 to 1999 is combined with the latest release of real GDP per capita data from the World Bank (World Development Indicators, 2001). Besides pooled regressions, we also divided at the sample into a 10-year and 5-year interval in order to investigate the medium and short run effects. Moreover, we compared and co ntrasted across country groups within each of the above time frames to discern cross-sectional performance difference. We found that on average the long run real GDP per capita growth rate can be increased by 0.5 percentage point if DES is increased by 500 kcal/day. However, for a subgroup of developing countries (East and Southeast Asia) we found this number could be four times larger, while in most of the other developing countries this effect is either negative or negligible. The short run ef fect is more likely to be insignificant or negative than long run effect. We believe this could be due to the dynamic interaction between the short run population growth effect and the long run productivity effect. These results are robust to various econometric modeling procedures as well as to the identity critique. Since this nutrition trap is a short run effect, any policy shall aim to reduce hunger for the long run. This study shows that having chronic hunger in the country is costly in ter ms of economic growth in the long run.

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