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Current research on the impacts of investment and the Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investment on developing country agriculture

A Side Event organized by the Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) during the 39th Session of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) 18 October 2012, FAO Headquarters






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    Incorporating climate change considerations into agricultural investment programmes 2013
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    This guidance document aims to assist investment project formulation practitioners in incorporating climate change considerations into agricultural investment projects and programmes. The main focus is on project/programme formulation (i.e.identification and design), although some aspects of supervision and evaluation will also be presented. It is intended for national and international staff and consultants, as well as government staff involved in mobilizing investment for agriculture and rural development, mainly through assistance to project or programme identification, formulation and supervision. It is meant to apply to investment projects or programmes in agriculture and rural development (agriculture in the broad sense, including fisheries, livestock and forestry). It can also be used for stand-alone climate change projects or programmes; however, for most stand-alone climate change projects/programmes, there are specific guidelines provided by their funding agencies and other d evelopment partners.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Expert meeting on international investment in the agricultural sector of developing countries
    Report
    2011
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    An expert meeting on international investment in the agricultural sector of developing countries was held at FAO’s headquarters on 22-23 November 2011. The objectives were to review the current state of knowledge including recent case studies, identify good practices, determine the areas where further research is needed and plan the next steps. 42 experts analyzing investment in agriculture participated in the meeting. Recommendations for further research were given including: more evidence on t he impacts on food security, environmental impacts and gender-disaggregated analysis of investments; development of a common typology using business model as an entry point; more meta-analysis; considerations of time frames and geographical scales; analysis of the interrelationships between various forms of investments; and the need of more regular interaction among researchers and analysts. The meeting provided recommendations to organizations that provide support to actors involved in agricult ural investments including: analyze the needs in terms of capacity building, policy advice and technical support; provide guidance in analyzing investment proposals and making informed choices; help governments formulate policies that orient FDI in directions that enhance smallholder investments and livelihoods and national food security; strengthen the capacity of local communities, farmer groups and others to analyze and negotiate projects; support inclusive negotiation processes; assist gover nments in developing agricultural development strategies that focus on sustainable food security; identify schemes that reconcile the development objectives of host countries and local communities with the commercial objectives of investors; raise the awareness of investors on the importance of a responsible investment to their own business interests; engage them in the development and implementation of guidance tools such as the principles for responsible agricultural investment.
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    Book (series)
    Home Country Measures that Promote Responsible Foreign Agricultural Investment 2016
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    This paper summarizes the good practices by nine selected OECD countries that seek to promote responsible foreign investment in developing country agriculture, primarily by investors in their territory or jurisdiction. The study provides examples of the increasing trend of home countries in establishing binding legal norms and other mechanisms as safeguards that are relevant for agricultural investment. It finds that States apply some specific provisions to hold private corporate actors investin g in agriculture abroad accountable, for example in regard to bribery of foreign public officials. Investment home countries are also increasingly using safeguards relevant for agricultural investment for companies that are controlled by the State or seek its support. Furthermore, Public-Private Partnerships are increasingly used in development assistance projects as a means to promote responsible agricultural investment. In these cases, the safeguards usually imply the use of negotiated and app roved instruments such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT). The Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems (CFS-RAI), endorsed in 2014 by the Committee on World Food Security (CFS), will possibly become a major guidance instrument, given recent declarations by the G7 and G20.

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