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The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system

Manual for implementation 2024









FAO. 2024. The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system – Manual for implementation2024. Rome.




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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system 2024
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    The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system is an FAO flagship initiative, supporting countries in collecting, collating, analysing, visualizing, and effectively utilizing their AMR monitoring and surveillance data primarily from livestock, fisheries, and aquaculture, along with their associated food products. InFARM empowers countries to generate reliable evidence to measure the extent of AMR in animals and food, at local, regional, and global scales, filling critical gaps in AMR data within agrifood systems.Through the InFARM system, FAO invites its Members to establish and strengthen operational national AMR surveillance systems.This Flyer serves as a summary of the contents in the manual for implementation of InFARM, 2024.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Tackling antimicrobial use and resistance in pig production: lessons learned in Denmark 2019
    This report describes a campaign to limit the use of antimicrobials – specifically antibiotics – in the Danish swine-producing sector. It is a testimony of the collaboration between the regulatory sector within the Ministry of Environment and Food (and its agriculture-focused precursors), private veterinary practitioners and swine producers (large and small), to tackle the unsustainable overuse of antibiotics in the industry, and is a retrospective tribute to all those who had the foresight to make significant changes to ensure consumer protection – improving hygiene at primary sites of swine production, developing options for intervention through a system of surveillance and collation of data from feed mills to veterinary practitioner prescriptions, identifying sites for intervention, setting targets, restructuring the relationship between the veterinary services and farmers, and implementing changes in behaviour for greatest impact. Denmark in many ways laid out a plan before there was any known roadmap to follow; every step was based on continuous analysis and feedback to the operators – private and public – for ongoing monitoring and accountability as a driver for change. Meeting the challenge of AMR involves learning from one another. It is hoped that this historical guide may serve other countries, food producers, regulators, veterinarians and those responsible for veterinary structures, as well as academia, to identify ways forward to limit the emergence and spread of AMR that threatens public health, animal health and safe food production worldwide.
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    The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) System and IT platform 2022
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    One of the key elements to strengthen country capacity for surveillance and monitoring of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and use (AMU) in food and agriculture is to provide a standardized approach to collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and sharing data. In recent years, various initiatives around the world have focused on and supported the generation of AMR surveillance data from the food and agriculture sector. However, data are often not analysed or used as a basis for decision-making. The main reasons for this are the lack of appropriate data management systems, a clear definition of roles and responsibilities in data reporting or the lack of trained experts able to carry out analysis and interpretation. Following the adoption of the FAO Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance 2021-2025 at the 166th Session of the FAO Council, the Organization committed to develop the building blocks that will stimulate national efforts to regularly generate and analyze reliable and comparable data on antimicrobial resistance in food and agriculture and AMU data in crops and plants. To this end, FAO has started developing a prototype for the International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) IT platform in early 2022. FAO will work with an initial group of countries that will participate in the development and testing of the prototype of this data platform during 2022. Countries will be involved in pilot testing with their data.

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