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Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°52 - January 2014









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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°58 - July/August 2014 2014
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    The areas experiencing a late start of agropastoral campaign, benefitted from a resumption of rainfall since the end of July. However, the Atlantic coast from (i) southern Mauritania to Guinée-Bissau, (ii) northeastern Niger and (iii) northern Ghana, Nigeria and Togo recorded rainfall deficits affecting negatively the agricultural activities. The late start of the rainy season in certain areas (Chad, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal) has extended the agricultural lean season, forcing vulnerable hou seholds to adopt irreversible coping mechanisms if they don’t have access to food assistance. Pastoralists households are already facing the effects of a prolonged lean season. Livestock presents a poor body condition and in some countries of the region loss of animals have been reported (Mali, Niger and Senegal). During the lean season, localized prices increases for millet and sorghum have been observed in Burkina and in Senegal and for millet in Mali. In the eastern commercial basin, price in creases are found in the insecure zones of northern Nigeria as well as in the displaced population sites in southern Chad and in Niger. However, food products availability remains satisfactory and allows a general stability of monthly prices of coarse grains in most of West African markets. In the three West African commercial basins, the commercial flows of agricultural products are in seasonal decrease between June and July 2014 for all cereals, except for millet. Generally, the level of suppl y in local markets remains satisfying in the sub-region, except in conflict-affected areas of northern Mali, of northeastern Nigeria, of C.A.R. and in the neighboring areas. The cross-border trade of countries affected by Ebola in the western commercial basin seems to be affected, as well as trade within the affected countries following quarantine measures taken in some districts. These disturbances have negative socio-economic consequences that might affect the food security of households. As f or now, markets in Nigeria have yet to seem affected by the Ebola outbreak, but the situation is being closely monitored.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°56 - May 2014 2014
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    The 2014-2015 agricultural campaign has started in the region accompanied by heavy rains in the countries of the Gulf of Guinea and a calm desert locust situation. The precipitation deficit currently observed in Ghana and Nigeria should be monitored in the coming months. Concerning the Sahel countries, in addition to the zones that were affected by production deficits, the lean season has already started for the majority of rural households. Cereal prices, which are above their five-year average in the majority of the region, will likely create supply issues for poor households who will need assistance. The situation in the regions of Wadi Fira and Bahr-El-Ghazel in Chad, in the circle of Bandiagara in Mali, in Senegal, in Mauritania that experienced production deficits and in Niger where fodder deficit was registered should be monitored closely. Because of high prices, the poorest households in Ghana also face food access problem.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°82 April - May 2017 2017
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    The 2016 - 2017 agricultural campaign is marked by the end of off-season crop operations. Market gardening supply remains moderately available in the markets. The period is also characterized by the 2017 - 2018 campaign preparations. As part of the 2017 - 2018 campaign preparation, the synthesis of the forecast by the Agrhymet Regional Center dated 3 April 2017 indicates that it is more likely that the rainfall for the main rainy season are overall average to a slight below average in the Southe rn of the Gulf of Guinea countries and overall above average in Sudano-sahelian Africa countries. In Chad, the pastoral situation is worrying in Ennedi East, Ennedi West, Ouaddai, Sila, Kanem and Bahr-El-Gazal regions due to the depletion of fodder resources and water points. The regions with decline cereal production (Tandjilé, Mayo Kébbi Est and Wadi Fira) will experience more difficulties during the lean season. Cereal stocks are declining throughout the region. In most Sahelian countries (Ma li and Niger for example), millet and sorghum prices increased in April 2017.

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