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Strategic work of FAO to Help Eliminate Hunger and Malnutrition

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    Book (series)
    The State of Food Insecurity in the World (SOFI) 2014
    Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition
    The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014 presents updated estimates of undernourishment and progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) and World Food Summit (WFS) hunger targets. A stock-taking of where we stand on reducing hunger and malnutrition shows that progress in hunger reduction at the global level and in many countries has continued but that substantial additional effort is needed in others. The 2014 report also presents further insights into the suite of food security indicators introduced in 2013 and analyses in greater depth the dimensions of food security – availability, access, stability and utilization. By measuring food security across these dimensions, the suite of indicators can provide a detailed picture of the food security and nutrition challenges in a country, thus assisting in the design of targeted food security and nutrition interventions. Sustained political commitment at the highest level is a prerequisite for hunger eradication. It entails placing food security and nutrition at the top of the political agenda and creating an enabling environment for improving food security and nutrition. This year’s report examines the diverse experiences of seven countries, with a specific focus on the enabling environment for food security and nutrition that reflects commitment and capacities across four dimensions: policies, programmes and legal frameworks; mobilization of human and financial resources; coordination mechanisms and partnerships; and evidence-based decision-making.
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    Contributing to the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition: lessons from Bangladesh 2014
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    This paper assesses Bangladesh’s progress towards eradicating hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition, and how the National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme (NFPCSP) implemented by FAO and the Government of Bangladesh contributed to this progress. To this effect, it uses FAO’s Food Security Commitment and Capacity Profile method to assess changes in Bangladesh’s food security commitments and capacities and compares the food security situation prior to and eight years into the NFPCSP intervention. It finds that although progress has been made in particular in income poverty, this has not resulted in commensurate nutritional outcomes. Substantial progress in Bangladesh’s commitment and capacity to improve food security and nutrition has been made with specific reference to policies, programmes and legal frameworks for FSN, human and financial resources allocated to FSN, stakeholder coordination mechanisms. Decision-making in FSN issues is now increasingly based on evidence g enerated through a relatively functional information system although the production and dissemination of information to policy-makers needs to be further improved. NFPCSP has clearly contributed to these changes through its innovative approach. The paper concludes with a series of lessons learned from the Bangladesh experience as well as a set of recommendations for improvement of the FSCCP methodology.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FAO’s Strategic Objective 1: Help eliminate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition
    Strategic Objective 1 brief
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    Over the past two decades, leaders worldwide have made various pledges to reduce hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. At the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) in 2014, world leaders renewed their commitment to establish and implement national policies aimed at eradicating malnutrition and transforming food systems to make nutritious diets available to all. Many countries have made good progress towards their commitments and are on track to meet the Millennium Development G oal hunger targets. Nevertheless, much remains to be done. With the MDGs coming to an end, 805 million people still suffer from chronic hunger, 161 million children under five remain chronically malnourished and over 2 billion people are affected by micronutrient deficiencies. It is time that the global community takes more decisive actions to address the structural causes of hunger and malnutrition in addition to addressing immediate needs. Strengthening the commitment of all stakeholders for a food-secure world and supporting them in turning commitment to action is the essence of the FAO strategy through its Strategic Objective 1 (SO1).

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