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Recent advances in climate change vulnerability/risk assessments in the fisheries and aquaculture sector












Comte, A. 2021. Recent advances in climate change vulnerability/risk assessments in the fisheries and aquaculture sectorFAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1225. Rome. 




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    Climate change vulnerability in fisheries and aquaculture 2015
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    Global reviews of the impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture systems carried out in 2009 revealed a paucity and patchiness of information concerning climate impacts on the sector. Six follow-up regional case studies were then launched by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in an attempt to start filling the gaps and to provide direction and initial steps in adaptation planning. Fisheries and aquaculture systems were selected across the globe to allow for diversity. The approach of the case studies followed a template allowing them to: (i) define vulnerability to climate change by understanding potential impacts on the system, the sensitivity of the system to such changes and the current adaptive capacity; (ii) identify gaps in existing knowledge in assessing the vulnerability of the system; (iii) identify potential strategies for reducing vulnerability to climate change; and (iv) provide policy guidance in reducing system vulnerability. The objective of this publication is to consolidate, further interpret, refine and draw conclusions from the information gathered on climate change impacts, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of fish production systems in the diverse and geographically distinct social-ecological systems covered by the six case studies. Although the specificity of each case study and the complexity of vulnerability prevent a generalization of issues and the drawing of broad conclusions, the present document captures common threads from a close examination of the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the systems considered. Information on these three characteristics of vulnerability is particularly relevant to policy-makers, development practitioners and members of the academic community concerned with the impacts of climate change on aquatic resources and the communities and economies they support. It can be used to identify areas in which interventions, policy development and/or further research a re needed to better equip these systems and their stakeholders to reduce their vulnerability and enhance their adaptation to long-term climate-induced changes. It can also be used as a benchmark against which improvements in capacity may be measured or monitored over time.
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    FAO Framework Methodology for Climate Change Vulnerability Assessments of Forests and Forest Dependent People
    A framework methodology
    2019
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    Negative impacts of climate change on forests threaten the delivery of crucial wood and non-wood goods and environmental services on which an estimated 1.6 billion people fully or partly depend. Assessment of the vulnerability of forests and forest-dependent people to climate change is a necessary first step for identifying the risks and the most vulnerable areas and people, and for developing measures for adaptation and targeting them for specific contexts. This publication provides practical technical guidance for forest vulnerability assessment in the context of climate change. It describes the elements that should be considered for different time horizons and outlines a structured approach for conducting these assessments. The framework will guide practitioners in conducting a step-by-step analysis and will facilitate the choice and use of appropriate tools and methods. Background information is provided separately in text boxes, to assist readers with differing amounts of experience in forestry, climate change and assessment practices. The publication will provide useful support to any vulnerability assessment with a forest- and tree-related component.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Report of the FAO/PaCFA Expert Workshop on Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture: Available Methodologies and their Relevance for the Sector
    Windhoek, Namibia, 8–10 April 2013
    2013
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    The purpose of the global Expert Workshop on Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in Fisheries and Aquaculture: Available Methodologies and their Relevance for the Sector was to review latest stages in research on, and the application of, climate variability and change vulnerability methodologies. It also provided an opportunity to begin a common reflection on what role these methodologies can have in planning policies and strategies to best cope with climate change impacts on fisheries and aq uaculture. Making the link between expert advice and practical use of vulnerability methodologies from around the globe set the scene for fruitful discussions on how to make the best use of the existing information, how to prioritize the filling of gaps and how to develop a common understanding on the effectiveness of such knowledge in relation to policy and management actions and programmes. As vulnerability methodologies are a function of different factors (vulnerability of what and of whom to what), the workshop required experts from across the natural and social sciences disciplines and from both inland and marine capture fisheries and aquaculture. These examined current methodologies for conducting vulnerability assessments and provided best practices on how to develop and undertake a vulnerability assessment for incorporation into the design of adaptation programmes in fisheries and aquaculture in the face of climate change.

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