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Policies and institutions shaping the business enabling environment of agrifood processors in Senegal

An analytical review of the literature for integrated policy making









Ilie, E.T. & Kelly, S. 2022. Policies and institutions shaping the business enabling environment of agrifood processors in Senegal – An analytical review of the literature for integrated policy making. Rome, FAO.




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    The role of small and medium agrifood enterprises in rural transformation – The case of rice processors in Kenya 2022
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    This study looks at the business models of small and medium sized rice processors in Kenya in order to better understand the policy and technical support they need to grow and fulfil their role in agrifood systems transformation. More specifically, by employing semi-structured interviews with Kenyan rice millers, the technical study identifies challenges in their day-to-day business activities, including procurement, inbound and outbound logistics, in-house operations, financing, and human resources management. Additionally, the publication looks at opportunities for improving the business enabling environment in which these enterprises operate, providing a set of policy options to foster their role. The methodology cross fertilises different disciplinary perspectives in order to gather evidence for formulating policy in a way that integrates several policy fields and cross-cutting issues such as food safety, quality and nutrition; farmer-market linkages; decent rural employment and gender equality; or rural investment. The paper showcases how small and medium agrifood manufacturers respond to the business enabling environment and also contribute to local development from multiple angles.
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    Book (series)
    The role of small and medium agrifood enterprises in food systems transformation - The case of rice processors in Senegal 2021
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    The objective of this publication is multifold. First, it aims to learn from small and medium sized agrifood manufacturers about the role they play in food systems transformation in Senegal and the policy reforms required to harness their potential. Second, and more specifically, it gleans lessons from structured interviews with Senegalese rice millers, based on their day-to-day realities, highlighting the business creativity used by these firms in order to deal with difficult enabling environments. Third, the methodology adopts a food systems approach to analyze the target enterprises; cross fertilizing different disciplinary perspectives in order to develop evidence for the public sector on integrated policy making that better supports the role of small agrifood enterprises in sustainable transformation. Finally, the study shares ideas about innovations related to procurement, operations, logistics, finance, marketing and sales, human resources, and strategic partnerships. An important contribution of this work is to demonstrate the multidimensional and complex nature of the environment within which agrifood manufacturers do business, and the need for the public sector to harness their potential to reduce poverty through off-farm employment generation and to improve food security through the sustainable supply of affordable and nutritious food to domestic and export markets.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Engaging with small and medium agrifood enterprises to guide policy making
    A qualitative research methodological guide
    2021
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    The methodology captures the multifaceted nature of small and medium agrifood enterprises (SMAE) business models, adding contextual insights to the literature and policy formulation processes on these small firms, which are often treated homogenously. The framework upon which the methodology is based links the business model of an SMAE to various policy areas including farmer-market linkages, decent employment (including gender equality and youth inclusion aspects), rural finance and investment, nutrition, food losses and waste as well as food safety and quality. This makes it possible to identify intervention areas that can help reconcile the commercial objectives of SMAEs with sustainable rural development outcomes. There is also scope for adapting the methodology to carry out further research on environmental sustainability and digitalization. Ultimately, more pertinent lessons can be drawn for policymaking purposes only by understanding the complex business arrangements of SMAEs and their interactions with the external environment, including the policy and institutional climate, consumer and supply base, as well as the community in which they operate.

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