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Traditional Dong’s Rice-Fish-Duck Agroecosystem in Southeast Guizhou, China. Proposal for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)









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    Development and protection of rice-fish culture in China: policy options
    Globally-important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2006
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    The project objective is to recognize and promote multiple values of the rice-fish system for livelihoods, ecological and cultural preservation by evaluating policies, institutions and technological developments that impact on farmers’ practices of rice-fish system, and developing a network of demonstration sites and partners in provinces of Zhejiang and Guizhou, China.
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    The GIAHS – Rice Culture System Wannian County in Jiangxi Province, P. R. China. Format for Proposal of Candidate Systems for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2016
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    Wannian traditional rice is a remarkable old and prototype variety, firstly grown in Heqiao village during the North and South Dynasty (420 AD - 589 AD). Formerly, it is called “Wuyuanzao” and commonly known as “Manggu”. It is a location-specific variety to Heqiao village, and cannot be grown in other areas; It was tested and verified that it can be only grown under the water, soil combination and climate condition in Heqiao village. The traditional rice needs the perennial cold spring water for irrigation, and surrounding forests play a crucial role in soil and water conservation. The surrounding forests and paddy fields are part of the same biodiversity-rich agro-forestry system. The rice is resistant to insects and adapted to low soil fertility. Hence farmers do not need to use chemical fertilizers and pesticides, resulting in a sustainable planting environment and contributing to the biodiversity conservation. Ingenious Wannian people have also documented their experiences in culti vating traditional rice and rice culture since time immemorial. The rice culture is closely related to their daily life, expressed in their customs, food, language, and form an important part of their cultural diversity.
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    Kuttanad Below Sea Level Farming System (The only system in India that has been practicing rice cultivation below sea level since the past 2 centuries). A Candidate System for Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme, FAO, Rome
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2016
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    Kuanad Below Sea-level Farming System (KBSFS) is unique, as it is the only system in India that pracces rice culvaon below sea level. The major land use structure of KBSFS is flat stretches of rice fields in about 50,000 ha, of mostly reclaimed delta swamps. They exist in three landscape elements: Karapadam (upland rice fields), Kayal (wetland rice fields) and Kari (land buried with black coal like materials). The rice fields are popularly known as “Puncha Vayals”. Tradionally KBSFS favour ed only one crop of paddy followed with inland and es-tuarine fish wealth, notably the endemic prawn species, pearl spot and clams. The Puncha Vayals with coconut gardens on the bunds and crisscrossed water canals offer an amazing sight. Farmers of Kuanad developed and mastered the spectacular technique of below sea level culvaon, which has several similaries with the Dutch polder system, over 150 year ago. They made this system unique as it contributes remarkably well to the conservaon of biodiversity and ecosystem services including several livelihood services. The recognion of KBSFS as a Globally Important Agriculture Heritage System will insll pride in the farm families of this area and will lead to the conservaon of this unique below sea level rice-fish farming system. The conservaon and refinement of KBSFS is parcularly important in this era of global warming, leading to a rise in sea level. Island States like Maldives as well as countries like Bangladesh are deep ly interested in replicang the Kuanad system.

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