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Crop Prospects and Food Situation

Triannual Global Report, No. 1, March 2024












FAO. 2024. Crop Prospects and Food Situation – Triannual Global Report No. 1, March 2024. Rome.



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    Crop Prospects and Food Situation #3, November 2023
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    2023
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    The Crop Prospects and Food Situation report provides a forward-looking analysis of the food situation across the globe, focusing on the cereal production outlook, market situation and food security conditions, with a particular attention on Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs). In 2023, FAO assesses that globally 46 countries/territories, including 33 in Africa, ten in Asia, two in Latin America and the Caribbean and one in Europe, are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting and intensifying conflicts are key drivers of the severest levels of acute food insecurity, with recent concerns centred on the Near East. Furthermore, despite declining international prices, weak currencies in many low income countries are sustaining high domestic food prices and hampering households’ access to food. Regarding cereal production, while the global cereal output is forecast to expand by 0.9 percent in 2023 from the year before, the pace of growth will be half that rate for the group of 44 LIFDCs.
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    Book (series)
    Crop Prospects and Food Situation #4, December 2022
    Quarterly Global Report
    2022
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    FAO assesses that globally 45 countries, including 33 in Africa, nine in Asia, two in Latin America and the Caribbean, and one in Europe, are in need of external assistance for food. Multi-year high inflation rates continue to aggravate food insecurity conditions, particularly in low‑income food-deficit countries. Conflicts and extreme weather events remain the key drivers of severe acute food insecurity across the globe, with particular concerns for countries in East and West Africa.
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    Book (series)
    Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 1- March 2016 2016
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    FAO’s first forecast for global wheat production in 2016 points to a small decrease, with lower outputs expected in Europe and the United States of America. COUNTRIES IN NEED OF EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE: FAO estimates that, globally, 34 countries, including 27 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food. Civil conflicts continued to severely affect the food security of a number of countries, while adverse weather, in some cases linked to El Niño, curbed production in others, constraining food access and pushing consumer prices up. AFRICA: Adverse weather reduced 2015 cereal output, resulting in a significant increase in the number of food insecure people in several countries, with conflicts further affecting food security and the agriculture sector in parts. Planting of the 2016 crops has begun in Central, East and West Africa, while in Southern Africa, with the harvest expected to commence from April, El Niño-associated drought conditions have significantly dampened productio n prospects, with severe negative implications for food security in the subregion. In North Africa, 2016 production prospects are mixed, with ongoing drought in Morocco and Algeria lowering production expectations. ASIA: The production outlook for the 2016 winter crops is generally favourable, with early forecasts indicating large wheat crops in most countries. In the Near East, however, persistent conflicts in Iraq, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen have continued to erode the capacity of th e agriculture sector, affecting 2016 production prospects and further worsening the humanitarian crisis. The 2015 regional cereal output is estimated above the previous year’s level, mainly on account of increased harvests in China and Turkey that more than offset lower outputs in several countries of the Far East, in particular India. LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: In Early 2016 cereal production prospects are mostly favourable, with harvests expected to remain at high levels, mainly as a re sult of large outputs anticipated in Mexico and South America. In Central America and the Caribbean, while Mexico is forecast to register an increase in production, elsewhere the continuation of El Niño-linked dry conditions may keep production depressed in 2016. In South America, cereal production in 2016 is forecast to decline slightly from the previous year’s record level, mostly reflecting a contraction in plantings, but is expected to remain well above average.

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