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Appropriate Seed Varieties for Small-scale Farmers: Key Practices for DRR Implementers








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    Identifying the factors that influence small-scale farmers' transaction costs in relation to seed acquisition 2004
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    Using an ethnographic approach, this study explores small-scale farmers perceived transaction costs in relation to maize seed acquisition in the Central Valleys of Oaxaca. These farmers have different needs and require seed of diverse maize types with multiple traits in particular combinations. Formal seed distribution has yet to develop in this region and farmers depend mostly on informal seed sources. Issues of information about maize seed, seed transaction negotiation and enforcement are e xamined from a small-scale farmer perspective through the use of qualitative data. Results show that farmers perceived transaction costs are low to negligible in most cases where seed transactions take place locally, and tryst is indicated as a factor which serves to reduce transaction costs to a minimum. Though maybe not a transaction cost in the theoretical sense, the risk of crop failure due to inadequate seed is a main concern for farmers in relation to seed transactions.
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    Marine Small-Scale Fisheries of Tamil Nadu : A General Description - BOBP/INF/05 1983
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    This document attempts a brief and factual presentation of data and baseline information on the main features of the small-scale marine fisheries of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It could serve as an introduction to the problems and prospects of this sector leading to deeper studies of particular aspects, as a source of general information, or more particularly, as a background document for use in discussions on the planning and programming of development assistance. This is a revised and updated edition of a General Description of Marine Small-Scale Fisheries, Tamil Nadu, originally prepared in 1977 jointly by the Tamil Nadu Directorate of Fisheries and the FAO/UNDP Project for Development of Small-Scale Fisheries in South-West Asia RAS/74/031. This revision was carried out in cooperation with the Directorate of Fisheries, Tamil Nadu. Two officers of the Directorate, Mr. V. Ramamoorthy, Asst. Director (Information & Statistics) and Mr. S. Somasundaram, Fisheries Inspector (Sta tistics) were actively associated with the work. This paper is an activity of the Project for Small-Scale Fisheries Development of the Bay of Bengal Programme. It is executed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and funded by the Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA). It covers five countries bordering the Bay of Bengal Region: Bangladesh, India, Malaysia,Thailand and Sri Lanka. Its main aims are to develop, demonstrate and promote appropriate techn ologies and methodologics to improve the conditions of small-scale fisherfolk and the supply of fish from the small-scale sector in the five countries.

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