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The FIRST Programme in the United Republic of Tanzania










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    Book (series)
    Legal report on the ecosystem approach to fisheries in the United Republic of Tanzania
    An analysis of the ecosystem approach to fisheries in selected national policy and legal instruments of the United Republic of Tanzania. Second edition
    2023
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    Legislating for the ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) is complex, due to the holistic nature of the EAF involving multiple factors that underpin the social, economic, environmental, and institutional aspects of fisheries sustainability. These factors include ecosystems integration, risks, intersectoral collaboration, research, participatory processes, monitoring, control, surveillance, and enforcement, among others. To assess how the EAF is being implemented through national policy and legal frameworks, FAO developed "A diagnostic tool for implementing an ecosystem approach to fisheries through national policy and legal frameworks". This second edition of the legal report on the EAF contains a revised analysis of the extent to which the 82 EAF legal requirements, which are considered the minimum standards in legislating for the EAF, are incorporated in the United Republic of Tanzania's policy and legal instruments relevant to the fisheries sector and other relevant sectors of the country (such as environment, wildlife, ecosystems, and maritime affairs). Based on this preliminary diagnosis, gaps were identified in the assessed instruments, and recommendations were made for improving the implementation of the EAF. This second edition of the EAF Legal Report of the United Republic of Tanzania is based on the findings from two missions carried out by FAO, with support from the EAF-Nansen Programme, to the United Republic of Tanzania. The first mission was undertaken in March 2023, when the first edition of the report was presented to the government and various other stakeholders, in Dodoma, and additional information was collected. Additional information was collected in the second mission, undertaken in August 2023, when FAO supported the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries of the United Republic of Tanzania in launching the process for the comprehensive review of the 2015 National Fisheries Policy and the 2003 Fisheries Act, as amended in 2020, from Mainland Tanzania, at a national workshop held in Morogoro. The second edition of the EAF Legal Report of the United Republic of Tanzania was endorsed by the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries in August 2023.
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    Strengthening of Tanzania Food and Nutrition Security Information System for Quality, Timely and Reliable Data - TCP/URT/3705 2021
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    Relevant, reliable, timely, clear and concise information on current and projected FNS conditions is fundamental when making effective policy and strategic decisions, and critical in guiding mitigation measures to address food and nutrition insecurity. Such information enables policy development and strategic recommendations that link to appropriate responses aimed at building resilience and disaster risk reduction, saving lives and livelihoods, and reducing food deficit and acute malnutrition. To this end, in collaboration with the United Nations and other stakeholders, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania formulated strategies to strengthen the institutional capacities of central government ministries and LGAs in 2007, with the aim of monitoring and managing an FNS Information System for better policy and strategic response to food and nutrition insecurity in the country. This led to the formulation of the Tanzanian FNS Analysis System, known in Swahili as Mfumo wa Uchambuzi wa Uhakika wa Chakula na Lishe (MUCHALI). The MUCHALI framework draws together information from multiple stakeholders and sectors, including government, national and international agencies, higher learning institutions, regional administrations and LGAs, as well as development partners, civil society organizations and the private sector. The main aim of the system is to conduct integrated analysis and reporting on the situation of FNS, and to provide strategic recommendations on interventions for decision-makers and stakeholders. FNS analysis has been conducted for many years in the country. However, existing systems for analysing food security had shortcomings that needed to be addressed to ensure sustainable FNS for all Tanzanians. Challenges included inadequate capacity at LGA level for food security analysis, a lack of explicit linkages between FNS analysis and decision-making, fragmented analytical efforts within national and international agencies, and poor linkages between food and nutrition security analyses. The Government further recognized the need to generate timely and quality data that are evidence-based not only at national level but, most importantly, at subnational level in order to enable a timely response to national needs at various levels. FAO was therefore requested to provide technical assistance to strengthen MUCHALI with regard to the Mainland and the Zanzibar Food Security and Nutrition Information and Early Warning System (ZFSNIEWS).
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    Book (series)
    Regional training on post-harvest loss assessment methodology. Dar es Salaam and Mwanza, Tanzania
    GCP/RAF/466/EC SmartFish Project
    2013
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    High post-harvest fish loss is one of the major challenges to small-scale fisheries, especially in Africa where malnutrition and food insecurity are rampant. Reductions in these losses have been hampered by a lack of data and compounded by existing complexities in small-scale fisheries, including the multiplicity of species, fishing gear and methods, as well as the number of landing sites. Despite the numerous challenges, efforts have been made to develop methodologies to assess losses. Today, i t is widely acknowledged that three loss assessment methods (IFLAM, LT and QLAM) can be used to collect adequate data and information on post- harvest fish losses for rational practical interventions. The efficiency and effectiveness of these three methods could be further improved with the use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) such as mobile phone technology. It was with this in mind that the FAO/SmartFish programme, in collaboration with the Fisheries Education and Training Agency in Tanzania, planned, organized and implemented a regional training workshop on post-harvest fish loss assessment methodology, which was held from 28 January to 2 February 2013 in the United Republic of Tanzania. The main objective of the training workshop was to disseminate technology-based post- harvest fish loss assessment methodology among key small-scale fisheries practitioners in the region. This activity is part of FAO/SmartFish initiatives to support beneficiary countries to reduce post- harvest losses and consequently improve the regional supply of fish and fish products. This competency-based training workshop had two principle learning outcomes: participants are able to carry out post-harvest fish loss assessments in small-scale fisheries; are able to record and send data to the database through the use of a mobile phone. To facilitate greater practical demonstrations, the majority of the training took place in the field, at fish landing sites and markets. Twenty-two particip ants from nine different countries took part in the workshop: Burundi, Djibouti, Kenya, North Sudan, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, Madagascar and Tanzania. Resource persons were from FAO, SmartFish and FETA.

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