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Guidelines for the Prevention of Mould Formation in Coffee








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    Book (stand-alone)
    Special R&D report on the FAO-Viet Nam coffee project 2006
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    Coffee quality improvement and Ochratoxin A (OTA) prevention are key issues for Viet Nam. With an annual production of around 800 000 MT of green bean coffee per year, Viet Nam is now the biggest producer and exporter of Robusta coffee in the world. No country, and especially Viet Nam, can afford to have coffee rejected by the world market for OTA contamination. Currently, Vietnamese coffee is discounted by approximately US$30/MT, as it is generally perceived by the world market to be of lower q uality. The challenge then, is to assure the world market that higher quality coffee can be produced that is free of OTA contamination. Wet weather at drying time, limited drying areas and slow drying, along with improper storage have been recognised as major contributors to lower quality coffee that is likely to be contaminated with OTA. Inexpensive, simple semi-wash/demucilaging technologies with enhanced rapid drying by smallholders has been shown to produce higher quality Robusta coff ee, therefore attracting greatly improved prices of US$160/MT more on the world market. This publication reports on some key outcomes of an FAO project "Improvement of Coffee Quality and Prevention of Mould Formation and Ochratoxin A (OTA) Contamination of Coffee in Viet Nam" and provides greater insight into on-farm issues as well as reporting on practical findings and R&D initiatives.
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    Book (series)
    Report of the FAO Regional Workshop on the Elaboration of National Plans of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing - West African Subregion. Accra, Ghana, 28 November-2 December 2005 2006
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    This document contains the report of, and some of the papers presented at, the FAO Regional Workshop on the Elaboration of National Plans of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing – West African Subregion which was held at Accra, Ghana, from 28 November to 2 December 2005. The purpose of the Workshop was to assist countries in the West African Subregion to develop capacity to elaborate National Plans of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, U nreported and Unregulated Fishing (NPOAs–IUU). The Workshop addressed issues relating to the 1995 FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, the 2001 International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IPOA–IUU) and FAO Fisheries Technical Guidelines No. 9 that have been developed to support the implementation of the IPOA–IUU; concepts of planning and the elaboration of action plans; decision-making about IUU fishing and skills enhancemen t through the identification of key issues relating to the elaboration of NPOAs–IUU, the primary vehicle by which the IPOA–IUU will be implemented by countries. Working groups were formed to encourage maximum participation in the Workshop. A review of the major IUU fishing problems in the region and their possible solutions were discussed. Funding for the Workshop was provided by the FAO Regular Programme with support from the FishCode Programme through component project GCP/INT/849/USA, “Suppor t for Implementation of the International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing”.
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    Article
    Unveiling Physical and Sensory Quality of Arabica Coffee Produced in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jazan Region 2022
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    Globally, coffee quality is a determining factor in the prices of coffee; hence the production of high quality coffee is the primary goal of every coffee growing country. This study unveils the raw and sensory quality of coffee produced in Jazan, which is the leading coffee growing region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Forty-three naturally processed coffee samples were collected from randomly sampled coffee farmers and subjected to green bean size evaluation using standard coffee grading sieves followed by sensory assessment using the Specialty Coffee Association protocol. The sampled coffee produced green bean sizes fitting within the spectrum of Arabica with the most prevalent being sieve number 16 (6.35mm) with an average retention of 21 percent. On average 88 percent of the coffee was retained on sieves 14 to 20 representing the exportable sizes for many countries. The sensory evaluation revealed that 77 percent of the coffee samples attained specialty grade (80 points and above), with the highest scoring 86 points (excellent score) and the lowest 75 points. Two percent of the coffees were of excellent quality (≥85 points), 75% fell within the “very good” sensory class (80 – 85 points), and 23 percent did not meet the specialty class. These results indicate that with improved agronomic and processing practices, Jazan region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has the potential to produce outstanding coffees (90 to 100 points).

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