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Has ten-year implementation of the regional agriculture policy of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAP) contributed to improve Nutrition?










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    Project
    Strengthening Ecowas Capacities for the Promotion of Productive and Sustainable Agriculture in West Africa - GCP/RAF/461/SPA 2021
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    Agriculture is the most crucial sector of the economies of West African countries, as it ensures the food and nutrition security of millions of people. As part of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), adopted in 2003, African heads of state and of government committed to dedicating at least 10 percent of their budgets to agriculture. In this context, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in 2005 drafted its agricultural policy (ECOWAP), which was aimed at encouraging its member states and supporting them in orienting their commercial and macro economic policies towards the acceleration of agricultural development and the reduction of poverty in the region. The project was designed to support the implementation of the CAADP/ECOWAP, both at regional level, through capacity building for ECOWAS in terms of investment programme /project design and management and resource mobilization, and at national level, with support for the operationalization of the National Agriculture Investment Programme (NAIPs) of selected countries.
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    Project
    Supporting the Drafting of a Regional Strategy and Policy Document for the Development of Small-Scale Irrigation in West Africa - TCP/RAF/3604 2020
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    Food security is a major problem in Africa and especially in West Africa, where many countries have made agriculture an economic priority In order to find a community based solution to the issue, the Economic Community of West African States ( has developed and adopted its own common agricultural policy ( Despite this, given the effects of climate change over the last few years, irrigation has become the key factor in food security In this context, as part of the cooperation framework with FAO, ECOWAS requested the drafting of a regional strategy and policy document for the development of small scale irrigation in West Africa The decision made to support irrigation is linked to the fact that the Regional Agricultural Investment Programme ( has incorporated specific action to “strengthen irrigation”, with no concrete measures implemented to date In addition, the recommendations made in the Malabo Declaration 2014 at the Conference of the Parties (COP 21 on climate change and in the new guidelines of the ECOWAP II (for 2015 have all focused on intensive and sustainable agriculture, among other aspects This is because irrigation in the ECOWAS area is one of the main tools used in the sustainable intensification of agriculture.
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    Cluster evaluation of “Establishing a hunger-free initiative for West Africa” and “Mainstreaming nutrition in CAADP and agriculture policies and programmes in sub-Saharan Africa”
    Project codes: GCP/RAF/476/GER and GCP/RAF/477/GER
    2020
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    Challenges integrating nutrition and the elimination of hunger in agricultural programmes persist, especially in West Africa. Difficulties lie in the lack of overall understanding of the links between agriculture, nutrition and food security, in countries’ institutional capacity to concretize agriculture nutrition linkages, minimal coordination amongst key actors from multiple sectors and across countries, as well as the existence of the necessary enabling environment to support nutrition-sensitive agricultural policies. The projects GCP/RAF/476/GER “Establishing a hunger-free initiative for West Africa”, and GCP/RAF/477/GER “Mainstreaming nutrition in CAADP and agriculture policies and programmes in sub-Saharan Africa”, aimed to address the challenge of mainstreaming nutrition and hunger into agricultural initiatives in West Africa, especially the countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). A clustered, final evaluation, conducted from December 2017 to March 2018, assessed outcomes from both projects. The evaluation scope covered all countries in West Africa, while the evaluation team conducted field visits in Ghana, Namibia, Madagascar and Togo. Overall, both projects achieved the majority of intended outputs, and these activities aligned with countries’ needs. However, weak monitoring and evaluation of activities, including less than optimal monitoring indicators, hindered the projects’ ability to fully convey their achievements.

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