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Thematic Background Study - Incorporating genetic diversity and indicators into statistics and monitoring of farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives










FAO. 2021. Thematic Background Study – Incorporating genetic diversity and indicators into statistics and monitoring of farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives. Rome. 




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    Book (series)
    Report of the Expert Workshop on “Incorporating information on wild relatives of aquaculture species into an information system for aquatic genetic resources”
    Virtual Workshop, 2–3 August 2022
    2023
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    This report summarizes the proceedings and outcomes of the Expert Workshop on “Incorporating information on wild relatives of aquaculture species into an information system for aquatic genetic resources” held from 2 to 3 August 2022. The workshop aimed to discuss the expansion of the FAO Aquatic Genetic Resources Information System (AquaGRIS) in order to also include information on wild relatives (i.e. wild stocks) of aquaculture species. AquaGRIS, the system being developed by the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Division, will help countries and stakeholders to inventory national aquatic genetic resources (AqGR) used for aquaculture and monitor the status of their management.
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    Incorporating genetic diversity and indicators into statistics and monitoring of farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives 2017
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    The FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, realizing that substantial production from aquaculture and capture fisheries is based on groups below the level of the species and that genetic information has a variety of uses in fishery management, requested FAO to undertake a thematic study to explore incorporating genetic diversity and indicators into statistics and monitoring of farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives. Information about aquatic genetic resources can be extremely useful to resource managers, policy-makers, private industry and the general public. Not only is genetic diversity the basic building block for selective breeding programmes in aquaculture and for natural populations to adapt to changing environments and evolve, but information on genetic diversity can also be used, inter alia, to help meet production and consumer demands, to prevent and diagnose disease, to trace fish and fish products in the production chain, to monitor impacts of alien species on native species, to differentiate cryptic species, to manage broodstock, and to design more effective conservation and species recovery programmes. However, the majority of resource managers and those government officials submitting information to FAO do not use or have sufficient access to information on aquatic genetic diversity of farmed species and their wild relatives.
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    Book (series)
    Report of the Regional Workshop for Latin America and the Caribbean and for North America on the Development of a Registry of Farmed Types of Aquatic Genetic Resources (Incorporating a review of strategic priorities for a Global Plan of Action)
    Virtual Workshop, 21−24 September 2020
    2021
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    This report summarizes the proceedings and outcomes of the “Regional Workshop for Latin America and the Caribbean and for North America on the Development of a Global Information System for Farmed Types of Aquatic Genetic Resources (incorporating a review of strategic priorities for a Global Plan of Action)” held from 21 to 24 September 2020 (with a final wrap-up session held on 1 October 2020). The workshop was attended by National Focal Points for Aquatic Genetic Resources from Latin America and the Caribbean and for North America, officials from ministries and other governmental organizations, and also by representatives of three regional aquaculture organizations. The objectives of the workshop were to promote standardized use of nomenclature and terminology in the description and categorization of AqGR, especially below the level of species (i.e. farmed types), to identify priority regional stakeholders who would benefit from an information system, such as the Registry, to evaluate the key elements of the prototype Registry using regionally relevant species and their farmed type and, for each of the four Priority Areas of the GPA, to review the strategic priorities and propose concrete activities under each. Participants identified government resource managers, academia and researchers, policy-makers, and intergovernmental organizations as the principal stakeholders and beneficiaries of the Registry. These same stakeholders would also be the main contributors of information to the system. Aquaculture producers were also identified as major contributors of information. It was thus noted that special consideration needs to be given to engaging private industry and demonstrating the value of the information system to the private sector. Participants made recommendations on the information sought for the Registry and, in particular, expressed concern over Members’ capacity to record information on production of farmed types of aquatic genetic resources.

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