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Value Chain Analyses for Shan Tea and Arabica Coffee under Climate Change in the Northern Mountainous Region of Viet Nam









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Arabica coffee manual for Myanmar 2005
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    Coffee is now an important industry in Myanmar. Currently there are 35 500 acres planted. With a very suitable climate, abundant land resources and farmers who are eager for a viable cash crop, the country has the potential to grow large amounts of high quality Arabica coffee. Myanmar has identified over 200 000 acres with soils, altitude and climate for producing Premium and Speciality Arabica coffee. This Arabica coffee manual for Myanmar is an activity under a FAO Technical Cooperatio n Program coffee project for Myanmar and has been prepared as a support base for training trainers and staff of the Coffee Research Information Extension and Training Centre (CRIETC) of Myanmar Farm Enterprises (MFE) of Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation at Pyin Oo Lwin. The manual provides key information through consistent technical messages essential for high quality coffee production, processing and marketing and is intended to be a primary source of practical knowledge on Good Agri cultural Practices (GAP). This manual is produced as a basis for training extension personnel and farmers in growing and processing coffee. It is also a valuable resource for researchers, entrepreneurs, investors and policy-makers.
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    Article
    Unveiling Physical and Sensory Quality of Arabica Coffee Produced in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jazan Region 2022
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    Globally, coffee quality is a determining factor in the prices of coffee; hence the production of high quality coffee is the primary goal of every coffee growing country. This study unveils the raw and sensory quality of coffee produced in Jazan, which is the leading coffee growing region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Forty-three naturally processed coffee samples were collected from randomly sampled coffee farmers and subjected to green bean size evaluation using standard coffee grading sieves followed by sensory assessment using the Specialty Coffee Association protocol. The sampled coffee produced green bean sizes fitting within the spectrum of Arabica with the most prevalent being sieve number 16 (6.35mm) with an average retention of 21 percent. On average 88 percent of the coffee was retained on sieves 14 to 20 representing the exportable sizes for many countries. The sensory evaluation revealed that 77 percent of the coffee samples attained specialty grade (80 points and above), with the highest scoring 86 points (excellent score) and the lowest 75 points. Two percent of the coffees were of excellent quality (≥85 points), 75% fell within the “very good” sensory class (80 – 85 points), and 23 percent did not meet the specialty class. These results indicate that with improved agronomic and processing practices, Jazan region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has the potential to produce outstanding coffees (90 to 100 points).
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Special R&D report on the FAO-Viet Nam coffee project 2006
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    Coffee quality improvement and Ochratoxin A (OTA) prevention are key issues for Viet Nam. With an annual production of around 800 000 MT of green bean coffee per year, Viet Nam is now the biggest producer and exporter of Robusta coffee in the world. No country, and especially Viet Nam, can afford to have coffee rejected by the world market for OTA contamination. Currently, Vietnamese coffee is discounted by approximately US$30/MT, as it is generally perceived by the world market to be of lower q uality. The challenge then, is to assure the world market that higher quality coffee can be produced that is free of OTA contamination. Wet weather at drying time, limited drying areas and slow drying, along with improper storage have been recognised as major contributors to lower quality coffee that is likely to be contaminated with OTA. Inexpensive, simple semi-wash/demucilaging technologies with enhanced rapid drying by smallholders has been shown to produce higher quality Robusta coff ee, therefore attracting greatly improved prices of US$160/MT more on the world market. This publication reports on some key outcomes of an FAO project "Improvement of Coffee Quality and Prevention of Mould Formation and Ochratoxin A (OTA) Contamination of Coffee in Viet Nam" and provides greater insight into on-farm issues as well as reporting on practical findings and R&D initiatives.

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