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Well-designed road infrastructure to save forest and its biodiversity in Betung Kerihun national park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Article
    Application of Assisted Natural Regeneration (ANR) to enhance forest biodiversity in West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    West Kalimantan has a high diversity of biodiversity. In Betung Kerihun National Park, at least 1,216 flora species are identified, 75 species of them are endemic to Kalimantan. The area also has at least 48 mammal species, including orangutan and honey bear. Conserving this biodiversity is important to sustain the ecological function. The Assisted Natural Regeneration, introduced by the Forest Investment Program-1 with the objective to provide alternative methodology for conserving biodiversity, improve natural wilding growth, and support in sustainin genetic resources. Vegetation analyses were conducted in several transects representing different forest habitat in West Kalimantan. Both flora and fauna were recorded and analyze on their protection status, abundance, and diversity. A 2,000 Ha within the Danau Sentarum National park area was targeted for the ANR program. Flora/fauna plots were distributed at the peat forest in Pulau Majang Village. At the seedling stage, 5 species were identified. Dichilante borneensis dominated the seedling stage. At the tree stage, a species of Shorea balangaran dominates the strata with more than 1,000 individuals per Ha. Mother trees of Shorea balangaran and Gonystylus bancanus were also identified and marked for future seeds collection. During the forest patrol in the period of September 2020, seedlings were checked and any disturbance (grasses, climbers, tree falls) were removed. ANR focused on liberating seedlings and poles from these disturbances. Additionally, observation on fauna were conducted. Mammal species, reptile, and bird species were identified, in which all of them are protected (CITES I & II and according to the Indonesian regulation). Keywords: biodiversity, forest, regeneration, conservation, Kalimantan, Indonesia ID: 3488269
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    Article
    Reducing risks from forest fire and disasters through a community-based forest fire brigade (MPA), a case study in Danau Sentarum National Park
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The TNBKDS is an exotic ecosystem and has designated as one of the world biospheres reserves. The Park is also inhabited by around 6,000 people. Ecotourism, biodiversity, and cultural value attracts many domestic and international tourists. However, the park has high-risk from forest fire and flooding. During 2014-2019, forest fire in the park is recorded at the average of 206.6 Ha. The lake has also experienced in regular flooding. Reducing these risks should involve community by strengthening their capacity to protect their home. Consultations and SWOT analysis was used to map community capacity and to rank the threat. Opportunities on livelihood improvement is also identified to develop approach and strategy in reducing risks and improving their income. A GIS tool was used to monitor forest fire. A total of 10 MPA were established in 10 villages, involving 300 peoples (300 households). From series of consultations, 100% agreed that community need to involve in combating forest fire and reducing the damage from flooding. FIP-1 provides forest fire equipment, as well as series of training on forest fire, forest monitoring using GPS, alternative income activities such as bee keeping, fish processing, and women empowerment. Establishment of MPA and implementation of forest patrol for the period of 2018-Jun 2021 has directly protected a forest area from forest fire of 11,265 ha and non-forest area of 82,481 ha. Community participation is the key success of reducing risks from forest fire. Training program is also essential to support community capacity in reducing hotspots and to provide alternative income for their sustainable live within the national park. Keywords: forest fire, community, West Kalimantan, climate change ID: 3488239
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    Planning forest roads and harvesting systems 1977
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    A major forest operation is a complex enterprise. It requires that much planning be done and many decisions taken before it is set in motion. A long term management plan for the area should be developed, based on an inventory of the forest resources, topographic features,soil conditions and existing infrastructure. The plan should outline the location of the major forest road system for the area as well as the most important secondary roads and the logging system or systems proposed to be used in the harvesting. The term "forest roads", in the context of this study, means those roads built in the forest to serve the growing and harvesting of the forest crop. Much has been published concerning the design, construction and maintenance of public highways, but little concerning forest roads and their relation to the harvesting systems which they must serve and the conditions which they should satisfy in doing so. Forest operations may involve the harvesting of natural forests, the re forestation of loggedover areas or the afforestation of nonforest lands as well as the growing to maturity and the harvesting of these manmade forests. The operations manager normally must choose between olear autting and selective cutting unless restricted by governmental regulation or economic considerations. He must decide respecting the type of tools and machines to be used in autting and transporting the logs to roadside, the size and configuration of hauling equipment to be used and th erefore the standard of haul road to be constructed.

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