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GIEWS Update - the Democratic Republic of Korea










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    Document
    FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment - Sierra Leone
    Special Report
    2014
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    The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak resulted in a serious shock to the agriculture and food sectors in 2014. The epidemic started spreading when crops were being planted and expanded during the crop maintenance and the critical harvesting period for the staple crops rice, maize and cassava. Nationally, the aggregate food crop production is estimated at about 2.09 million tonnes, about five percent lower than 2013. Milled rice production, accounting for about 85 percent of the cereal productio n, is estimated at 770 000 tonnes, about 8 percent below last year. However, the modest decline at the national level masks the significant harvest declines at sub-national levels of up to 17 percent. Cereal import requirements in 2015 are therefore estimated at 300 000 tonnes, slightly up from last year. Rice import requirements account for about 215 000 tonnes of the total. With commercial imports estimated at 285 000 tonnes the uncovered gap is estimated at about 55 000 tonnes for which addit ional resources and international assistance is required. The significant impact of Ebola on export earnings is expected to have compromised the country’s ability to import more. Border closures, quarantine measures and other restrictions have seriously disrupted marketing of goods including agricultural commodities. Trade activities have declined significantly, particularly in quarantined districts. About 450 000 people, or 7.5 percent of the population, are estimated to be severely food insecu re as of December 2014. The impact of EVD accounts for more than a quarter of the food insecure. The number of food insecure is projected to increase to 610 000 by March 2015, 280 000 of which are attributed to EVD. About 76 percent of the Ebola related food insecure individuals live in rural areas. The most food insecure households include food crop producers; fishermen and hunters; and unskilled labourers. The analysis indicates that different type of food assistance will be required. In addit ion to covering the import gap, cash/voucher transfers where appropriate can assure food access for people whose main livelihood is not agriculture. Given reductions in trader activity, local purchase in surplus areas can assure that surpluses are being redistributed. Frequent food security monitoring activities must continue as the situation is highly fragile and could further flare up at any time. The loss of livelihoods coupled with this market uncertainties means that there is a need for fle xibility both in the type and scale of intervention that will be needed in 2015.
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    Newsletter
    GIEWS Update - The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
    Food Supply and Demand Outlook in 2020/21 (November/October)
    2021
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    The production of the 2020 main season crops benefitted from expanded planting, which mostly offset yield losses due to floods and storms. Production prospects for the 2020/21 minor early season winter/spring crops, for harvest in June, are generally favourable. The 2020/21 aggregate food crop production is forecast at a near-average level of 5.6 million tonnes. Cereal import requirements in the 2020/21 marketing year (November/October) are estimated at about 1.1 million tonnes, close to the five-year average. With commercial imports officially planned at 205 000 tonnes, the uncovered food gap is estimated at about 860 000 tonnes, equivalent to approximately 2.3 months of food use.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    GIEWS Special Report-BANGLADESH, 28 August 2008 2008
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    The Mission assessed the 2008 Boro rice production, which was being harvested in many parts of the country in April and May and wheat production, which was harvested in March. The Boro rice output is estimated at 17.54 million tonnes, increased by some 17.2 percent from the previous year and 29.3 percent above the five-year average. • This increase of production was mainly due to favourable weather conditions and extra efforts made by farmers and Government in response to the high rice prices and production loss of 1.4 million tonnes in 2007 Aman season following severe flooding and Cyclone Sidr. • Total cereal output in the 2007/08 marketing year (November/October), including 2007 Aman, 2008 Boro and Aus seasons, is estimated at 28.85 million tonnes, 5.6 percent above the previous year. Total cereal (rice and wheat) import requirement in the 2007/08 is estimated at about 3.07 million tonnes, of which 2.57 million tonnes are expected to be imported commercially. Foo d aid received or committed is estimated at 155 000 tonnes. • Though good production of Boro season is achieved nationally, this Boro production does not fully compensate for the heavy losses some farmers suffered in the previous Aman season in the south and east of the country. The total annual rice output of the 10 worst cyclone-affected districts in 2007/08 is expected to be about 2 million tonnes, 276 000 tonnes or 12 percent below the two-year average of those districts. Agricul ture assistance, including seeds, fertilizer, tools in those districts in the worst affected districts and the food aid/assistance programmes of WFP to more than 1.5 million vulnerable people will continue to be needed to the end of the year.

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