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Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in Nagaland - UTF/IND/196/IND








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    Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in Mizoram - UTF/IND/197/IND 2022
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    Mizoram is a landlocked State characterized by steep, parallel forested hills, with exceptionally high biological diversity, making climate change adaptation critical for the State. The livelihood systems and food habits of the population have evolved around a shifting system of agriculture known as jhum , which is part of the local cultural heritage and identity of the State. However, this largely self sufficient system is now being disrupted, due to the shortening of jhum cycles, as a result of low productivity and increasing population, in addition to the high costs of clearing forests (for jhum cultivation) at an increased frequency. Changing climate patterns are further exacerbating these disruptive trends Against this background, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is supporting the Government of Mizoram through the Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in the Northeast (FOCUS) project, to address the above mentioned issues. Through the current project, FAO provided technical assistance to the FOCUS project , in order to enhance the environmental sustainability and profitability of farming systems in Mizoram.
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    Technical Assistance for Development of Sustainable Agricultural Value Chains in Nagaland - TCP/IND/3704 2022
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    Increasing populations and the resultant food demands in Nagaland are exerting significant pressure on the state’s land and forest resources, thereby posing challenges to the sustainability of jhum (shifting cultivation) farmers and the of the age old farming system itself In order to ensure the sustainability of jhum the appropriate and judicious integration of modern technologies with traditional farming wisdom is crucial For this reason, it is important to document systematically both the different recommended best practices and the traditional practices of jhum cultivation, analysing their prospects and constraints and suggesting replication of the best practices accordingly While jhum is highly labour intensive crop yields are low and vulnerable to variations in rainfall, a phenomenon accentuated by climate change and variation There is also a lack of capacity in the state to develop differentiated strategies to create awareness and manage jhum cultivation in a sustainable manner, both economically and environmentally There was therefore a need to develop ecologically sustainable jhum and to strengthen the relevant capacity of community stakeholders The project was primarily aimed at complementing the overall goal of the International Fund for Agricultural Development ( funded Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in the North East ( project, namely to increase the household agricultural income of 137 000 households in Nagaland, enhancing their resilience to climate change.
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    Technical Assistance for Development of Sustainable Agricultural Value Chains in Mizoram - TCP/IND/3703 2022
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    Agriculture and animal husbandry are the major source of livelihoods for the majority of households in the Indian state of Mizoram however, these sectors are hindered by a variety of factors, including inefficient value chains, increasing food demands for a growing population and Transboundary Animal Diseases ( that affect livestock production Inefficiency along various value chains is caused by the state’s uneven topography, low production at individual household level and poor access to markets In addition to this, primary producers do not get their fair share of value generated The major issues within the chains vary across functions like input supply, production, processing, and marketing For these reasons, the project design included value chain development studies for ginger, mizo chilli turmeric and piggery to enhance the processing and marketing of these commodities Traditional jhum (shifting cultivation) farming practices are challenged by an increasing population and its resultant food demands, which exert tremendous pressure on the land and forest of Mizoram Jhum is an age old system, and to ensure its sustainability, an appropriate and judicious integration of modern technologies with traditional farming wisdom is crucial To support this, the project included a sustainable jhum study to systematically document various good practices along with traditional practices and to analyse their prospects and constraints, making recommendations for the utilization of the best practices out of those documented ©FAO/ Malsawm Dawngliana ©FAO/ Malsawm Dawngliana.

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