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A Scheme and Training Manual on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) for Fruits and Vegetables

Volume 2 Training manual










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    Book (stand-alone)
    A Scheme and training manual on good agricultural practices 2016
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    Food safety begins right from the stage of the farm. It is therefore important to follow Good Agricultural Practices at the farm level. Many countries do not have GAP standards or the institutional infrastructure for supporting the same in terms of their implementation, certification and accreditation infrastructure. This publication supports countries to establish an infrastructure in terms of standards, certification processes and accreditation systems in line with international standards and practices to facilitate regional and global trade.
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    Project
    Development of Standards and Scheme for Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) Implementation and Certification based on ASEAN Gap - TCP/CMB/3608 2020
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    Due to the growing demand for higher quality and safer food products by consumers, it has become more common for both importing countries and domestic buyers to require certification for the use of good agricultural practices (GAP) in food production and distribution. As such, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries have a common GAP framework for the production, harvesting and postharvest handling of fresh fruits and vegetables (ASEAN GAP). The ASEAN GAP aim to prevent or minimize hazards associated with (i) food safety, (ii) environmental impacts, (iii) worker health, safety and welfare and (iv) produce quality. Several ASEAN countries have developed voluntary GAP standards or follow standards that are modelled on the ASEAN GAP. In Cambodia, however, there is an urgent need to develop and implement national GAP in order to comply with international requirements and bolster trade, particularly within the ASEAN free trade area. Food safety standards in Cambodia have largely focused on end products and are often not considered mandatory. However, stakeholders in Cambodia’s agriculture sector have recognized that in order to compete with other ASEAN countries and benefit from access to the common market area, GAP need to be better incorporated into all farming activities. The development and implementation of Cambodia’s GAP (CamGAP) will create a demand for reliable, high-quality inputs, increase the value of farms and develop the skills of farmers. Ultimately, the formulation of CamGAP will draw upon concepts in the ASEAN GAP, which were formulated based on international regulatory frameworks, including those of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), Codex Alimentarius Commission and World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Given the challenges being faced in Cambodia, this project was designed to institute CamGAP for horticultural produce and operationalize the associated national certification and accreditation systems. This, in the long term, is expected to promote the optimization of farming resources, as well as access to market opportunities for producers.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Training manual on implementing ASEANGAP in the fruit and vegetable sector: Its certification and accreditation 2014
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    GAP refers to "practices that need to be applied on farms to ensure food safety and quality during pre-production, production, harvest and post-harvest"� stages. ASEANGAP was developed in 2006 with the purpose of enhancing harmonization of national GAP programmes within the ASEAN region, enhancing the safety and quality of fruit and vegetables for consumers, ensuring the sustainability of natural resources, and facilitating the trade of fruit and vegetables regionally and internationally. Many i mporting countries as well as domestic buyers require that GAP implementing producers are certified. Certification is the procedure through which assurance is provided that those foods or systems implemented conform to the GAP requirements. This training manual is designed to support countries in establishing a certification scheme for ASEANGAP in line with accreditation requirements.

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