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Technical Consultation on Biological Risk Management in Food and Agriculture. Report of the Technical Consultation.

Bangkok, Thailand, 13-17 January 2003









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    Meeting
    Rapport de la consultation technique de la Consultation Technique sur la Gestion du Risque Biologique dans la Production Agricole et Vivrière. Bangkok (Thaïlande), 13-17 janvier 2003 2003
    La Consultation technique sur la gestion du risque biologique dans la production agricole et vivrière s’est tenue à Bangkok (Thaïlande) du 13 au 17 janvier 2003. La liste des délégués et observateurs y ayant participé figure à l’Annexe A. L’objectif de cette Consultation était d’entendre l’avis des gouvernements sur la possibilité d’harmoniser les méthodes d’analyse des risques, selon les besoins, d’intensifier, le cas échéant, le renforcement des capacités, notamment dans les pays en développem ent et dans les pays en transition, et d’établir un système d’échange d’informations officielles portant sur la gestion du risque biologique dans la production agricole et vivrière (« Biosecurity »). L’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) a défini un domaine prioritaire pour une action interdisciplinaire relatif à la Biosecurity, en vue de coordonner le processus au sein de l'Organisation. Des consultations ont été organisées en 2002 avec d’autres organisatio ns internationales, en vue d’étudier les possibilités de collaboration dans ce domaine. Une Consultation d’experts, à laquelle ont participé dix-neuf experts et spécialistes internationaux, a été organisée dans l’objectif de préparer la présente Consultation technique, dont les conclusions seront communiquées au Comité de l’agriculture (COAG) de la FAO, lors de sa session de mars 2003.
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    Book (series)
    Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on the Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption. Rome, 25-29 january 2010 2011
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization convened a Joint Expert Consultation on the Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption from 25 to 29 January 2010. The tasks of the Expert Consultation were to review data on levels of nutrients (long-chain omega-3 fatty acids) and specific chemical contaminants (methylmercury and dioxins) in a range of fish species and to compare the health benefits of fish consumption and nutrient intake with th e health risks associated with contaminants present in fish. The Expert Consultation drew a number of conclusions regarding the health benefits and health risks associated with fish consumption and recommended a series of steps that Member States should take to better assess and manage the risks and benefits of fish consumption and more effectively communicate these risks and benefits to their citizens. The output of the Expert Consultation is a framework for assessing the net health ben efits or risks of fish consumption that will provide guidance to national food safety authorities and the Codex Alimentarius Commission in their work on managing risks, taking into account the existing data on the benefits of eating fish. The Expert Consultation concluded the following: Consumption of fish provides energy, protein and a range of other important nutrients, including the long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFAs). Eating fish is part of the cultural traditi ons of many peoples. In some populations, fish is a major source of food and essential nutrients. Among the general adult population, consumption of fish, particularly fatty fish, lowers the risk of mortality from coronary heart disease. There is an absence of probable or convincing evidence of risk of coronary heart disease associated with methylmercury. Potential cancer risks associated with dioxins are well below established coronary heart disease benefits from fish consumption. W hen comparing the benefits of LCn3PUFAs with the risks of methylmercury among women of childbearing age, maternal fish consumption lowers the risk of suboptimal neurodevelopment in their offspring compared with the offspring of women not eating fish in most circumstances evaluated. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that do not exceed the provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) of 70 pg/kg body weight established by JECFA (for PCDDs, PCD Fs and coplanar PCBs), neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus is negligible. At levels of maternal exposure to dioxins (from fish and other dietary sources) that exceed the PTMI, neurodevelopmental risk for the fetus may no longer be negligible. Among infants, young children and adolescents, the available data are currently insufficient to derive a quantitative framework of the health risks and health benefits of eating fish. However, healthy dietary patterns that include fish consumpti on and are established early in life influence dietary habits and health during adult life.
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    Document
    Report of the FAO Expert Consultation on a Good Agricultural Practice approach
    Rome, Italy, 10-12 November 2003
    2007
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    The concept of Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) has evolved in recent years in the context of a rapidly changing and globalizing food economy and as a result of the concerns and commitments of a wide range of stakeholders regarding food production and security, food safety and quality, and the environmental and social sustainability of agriculture. Given the trend in development and adoption of codes and standards related to Good Agricultural Practices by different actors, and co gnisant of the challenges of world agriculture, FAO initiated a process of consultation to seek understanding and consensus on the principles, indicators and means of applying GAP, and on the role an intergovernmental organisation such as FAO should play to support stakeholders in developing countries facing new commercial and governmental requirements. Following two initial electronic conferences on GAP in the context of Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development, FAO member countries at the 17th Session of the Committee on Agriculture (COAG) in April 2003 recommended that FAO continue its initial work on the development of a GAP approach. In this context, FAO organized a multi-stakeholder expert consultation during 10-12 November 2003 to review and confirm its basic approach, provide guidance for addressing concerns, identify strategies for implementation and recommend actions for FAO in the development and implementation of a GAP approach. This d ocument serves as a summary of this Expert Consultation.

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