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Technical guidance on fall armyworm

Coordinated surveillance and an early warning system for the sustainable management of transboundary pests, with special reference to fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda [J.E. Smith]) in South and Southeast Asia









FAO. 2022. Technical guidance on fall armyworm – Coordinated surveillance and an early warning system for the sustainable management of transboundary pests, with special reference to fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda [J.E. Smith]) in South and Southeast Asia. Bangkok. 




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    Support to Enhance Preparedness for Fall Armyworm Invasion among Countries - TCP/INT/3705 2023
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    Fall armyworm ( is a noctuid moth native to the Americas, which is considered a pest due to the substantial agricultural damage it can cause Its larvae feed on over 80 crop species, including maize, rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, cotton, and various vegetable species, thus posing a threat to vital rural economies The FAW was reported in Africa for the first time in early 2016 in West and Central African countries and rapidly spread throughout sub Saharan Africa, causing significant agricultural and economic losses The emergence of the FAW was confirmed in India and Yemen in July 2018 and was later reported in Bangladesh Sri Lanka, and Thailand by 2019 A decline in agricultural productivity jeopardizes not only food security but also the livelihoods of farmers Because of crop trade and the moth's remarkable flying capacity, the FAW has the potential to spread to further countries, posing a major risk to crop production, particularly cereals In light of this, many countries have requested assistance to fight against the spread of the FAW and acquire management techniques, as well as monitoring and surveillance for early detection FAO initiated the Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control 2019 2022 as an urgent response to the rapid spread of the FAW This initiative assists smallholder farmers, their associations, public institutions, national governments, and development partners in responding rapidly to FAW infestation In this regard, FAO created a free mobile application for real time FAW monitoring, the fall armyworm monitoring and early warning system ( The Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control has established a global coordination structure to foster an open and collaborative dialogue towards achieving science based solutions This coordination structure is composed of a steering committee ( a working group on resource mobilization ( a technical committee ( and seven technical working groups ( In addition, national task forces ( were created at country levels FAO's Plant Production and Protection Division ( provides technical leadership through the FAW Secretariat, in collaboration with the International Plant Protection Convention ( Secretariat This approach allows all stakeholders, scientists, and governments to interactively discuss challenges and propose solutions that are tailored to each country The project took part in these coordination efforts and sought to assist newly infested countries in taking immediate action in response to the emergence of the FAWFall armyworm ( is a noctuid moth native to the Americas, which is considered a pest.
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    Emergency Preparedness and Response to Strengthen Capacities of Nena Countries to Mitigate the Risk of Fall Armyworm (FAW) in the Region - TCP/RAB/3803 2024
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    The fall armyworm (FAW) – scientifically known as Spodoptera frugiperda – is an invasive insect pest capable of consuming more than 80 different crop varieties. Initially identified in Africa in 2016, it quickly spread across the globe, resulting in significant damage to key crops, notably maize. Experts project that without effective management, FAW could lead to staggering maize yield reductions ranging from 21 to 53 percent. The pest was first documented in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region in 2018, making its appearance in Sudan and Yemen. At the time of writing, Egypt, Jordan, Mauritania, Oman, the Syrian Arab Republic and the United Arab Emirates had also officially acknowledged the presence of FAW. The pest's remarkable ability to migrate, reproduce rapidly and inflict harm on staple crops like maize, sorghum, rice and wheat elevates the risk that it poses to both regional food security and crop production. Maize holds a central role in the NENA region's agriculture, spanning over 1.3 million ha of cultivated land and producing more than 8 million tonnes, with an estimated value surpassing USD 1.8 billion.
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    Regional review on status and trends in aquaculture development in Asia and the Pacific – 2020 2022
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    The Asia-Pacific region is remarkably diverse and wide ranging, geographically, in its flora and fauna, culturally, institutionally and economically. The region includes the two most populous countries in the world, China and India, a greater part of the Asian continent, the Australian continent, and many small islands, mostly in the Pacific Ocean, which are some of the smallest island nations in the world. Fisheries and aquaculture are socio-economically important sectors to most nations in the Asia-Pacific region and most nations in the region have high rates of fish consumption, mostly sourced from aquaculture although the small island nations depend to a greater extent on capture fisheries. This review entails analyses of the aquaculture sector in Asia-Pacific including the status and trends, progress made in achieving sustainable development, salient challenges, issues and anticipated future development. Status and trends are based on data extracted from the FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics (FAO, 2020a; FAO, 2020b), unless stated otherwise, and are mostly for the period from 2008 to 2018 and occasionally for the period from 1990 to 2018 for relevant historical comparison and longer-term contextual analyses.

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