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Checklists and technical guidelines to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing

Volume I: a consolidated checklist of coastal, flag and port State responsibilities to combat IUU fishing










FAO. 2021. Checklists and technical guidelines to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. Volume I: a consolidated checklist of coastal, flag and port State responsibilities to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. Rome.




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    Volume II. A legal checklist of the main duties and responsibilities of coastal, flag and port States, and internationally agreed market-related measures to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing
    2021
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    This checklist aims to provide users who are the primary actors in implementing the obligations of States under international law, including officials of States and particularly developing States, with a comprehensive checklist in order to assess the level of conformity of the national legal framework with the relevant international legally binding and non-binding instruments relevant to prevent, deter and eliminate IUU fishing. Based on this checklist, the user should be able to assess whether each duty and responsibility is fully / partially / not found in the national legal framework, and to address any identified gaps.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Checklists and technical guidelines to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing
    Volume III: Checklist of monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) systems, operations, procedures and tools
    2024
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    This document is the third volume of a series of publications entitled Checklists and Technical Guidelines to Combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing. This checklist provides a list of minimum requirements to ensure that the national MCS systems, operations, procedures and tools aimed at combating IUU fishing are of the desired standard to achieve the objectives of the fisheries management framework in place. This checklist is meant to serve as a reference for entities to review and assess such systems, operations, procedures and tools, in order to identify opportunities to improve these and establish best practices that will allow them to fulfil international duties and obligations to combat IUU fishing.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Combating illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing 2024
    Also available in:

    Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing remains one of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems because it undermines national and regional fisheries conservation and management efforts. It also jeopardizes livelihoods, exacerbates poverty, and increases food insecurity. The FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (PSMA), in force since 2016, is the first binding international agreement targeting IUU fishing practices. Its objective is to combat IUU fishing by preventing vessels engaged in such activities from using ports and landing their catches. To support its implementation, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has established auxiliary tools like the PSMA Global Information Exchange System. This system allows countries to upload inspection data under the PSMA and create a track record for each vessel, thus providing crucial intelligence in the fight against IUU fishing. FAO has assisted Ecuadorian authorities since 2019 to strengthen their policies and regulations to combat IUU fishing. It has also assisted Guinea in improving its ability to fulfil its flag, port, coastal and market State responsibilities in line with its commitments as a Party to the PSMA and complementary international instruments. A policy and strategy for fisheries monitoring, control and surveillance, prepared by FAO and the Mozambique government, became law in 2023.

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