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Lessons learned from the introduction of land consolidation in North Macedonia during 2014–2023









Hartvigsen, M., Mitic-Arsova, K., Gorgan, M. & Georgievski, K. 2023. Lessons learned from the introduction of land consolidation in North Macedonia during 2014–2023. Budapest, FAO.




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    Project
    Supporting Development of Agriculture Land Markets to Bring Abandoned Land into Production (TCP/MCD/3802)
    Analysis of land abandonment and development of agricultural land markets in the Republic of North Macedonia – Conclusions and policy recommendations
    2023
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    This report has been prepared as part of the FAO technical assistance project Supporting Development of Agriculture Land Markets to bring Abandoned Land into Production (TCP/MCD/3802). It presents the analysis on land abandonment in the context of farm structures and land market development and provides comprehensive policy recommendations to improve the situation. The mentioned project and the land abandonment analysis provided in this report is complementary and interlinked with to the ongoing land consolidation activities in the country supported by the European Union-funded and FAO-implemented Mainstreaming the National Land Consolidation Programme – MAINLAND project (GCP/MCD/002/EC) implemented during 2017–2022 and the ongoing project Enhancing Land Consolidation in North Macedonia (GCP/MCD/008/EC) to be implemented during 2022-2026. The work on land abandonment and land market development also builds on the earlier FAO project on the privatization state-owned agricultural land (TCP/MCD/3701/C1) implemented during 2018–2020.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Enhancing land consolidation in North Macedonia 2023
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    This is a general project leaflet containing key factual information and short background about the objectives and outputs of the project ‘’Enhancing Land Consolidation in North Macedonia’’ - a follow-up initiative of the successful "Mainstreaming of the National Land Consolidation Programme" (MAINLAND) project. Building directly on the results of the MAINLAND project, this project assists the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy to further enhance land consolidation in North Macedonia by improving the national policy, institutional and regulatory framework on land consolidation (including the development of a new National Strategy for Land Consolidation for the period 2022-2030 with an Action Plan) and the full-fledged implementation of land consolidation projects in two project areas - Dabjani (Municipality of Dolneni) and Chiflik (Municipality of Chesinovo-Obleshevo), combined with construction of agricultural infrastructure. The Project budget is EUR 1.2 million, financed from the European Union Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA II) 2019 (EUR 1 million) and a FAO contribution (EUR 0.2 million). The project will be implemented over a period of 42 months, starting from August 2022 until January 2026.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    European good practices on land banking
    FAO study and recommendations
    2022
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    Many countries in Western Europe have a long tradition of applying land banking as part of the integrated toolbox of land management instruments. As with land consolidation, the traditional purpose of land banking has been to support agriculture and rural development by reducing land fragmentation and facilitating the enlargement of farms. In Western Europe, the objectives of land banking have developed over the last decades, and today, in several countries, the instrument is applied in a multi-purpose approach together with land consolidation. In most countries, land banking shares the objectives of land consolidation, which in addition to continued agricultural development, supports the implementation of public projects in rural areas where private landowners and farmers are requested to give up agricultural land, for example, in connection with the construction of infrastructure projects such as highways and railways or for the implementation of public projects related to nature restoration, afforestation or climate change adaptation and mitigation. In a few Western European countries, land banking is also applied on use rights, where a lease facilitation approach connects owners of agricultural land not using their land and often leaving it abandoned, with local farmers interested in farming more land. This study first analyses and identifies good European practices on land banking, discusses experiences from the introduction of land banking instruments in countries in Central Europe. Finally, it provides policy recommendations for the introduction of land banking, with a focus on countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

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