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Report of the Sustainable Ocean Initiative Capacity-Building Workshop for the Wider Caribbean and Central America on Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures in the Marine Fishery Sector











FAO and SCBD. 2023. Report of the Sustainable Ocean Initiative Capacity-Building Workshop for the Wider Caribbean and Central America on Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures in the Marine Fishery Sector. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report, No. 1417. Rome.



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    Report of the workshop on fisheries other effective area-based conservation measures in Latin America and the Caribbean, 27–29 March 2023 2024
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    In view of the importance of other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) for biodiversity, and the need to improve individual countries’ capacity to report fisheries-related OECMs and understand how the fisheries sector contributes to current and future area-based biodiversity conservation objectives, FAO has been carrying out a series of activities to support countries to identify and implement OECMs. These activities include the organization of workshops and the development of practical guidance, as requested by FAO’s Committee on Fisheries (COFI). With the support of the Organización del Sector Pesquero y Acuícola del Istmo Centroamericano (Organization of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector of the Central American Isthmus [OSPECA]), FAO organized the workshop on other effective area-based conservation measures in fisheries-related areas in Latin America and the Caribbean. The workshop was held on 27–28 March 2023 in the city of San José, Costa Rica. This workshop supported Member Countries of the Commission for Small-scale and Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture of Latin America and the Caribbean (COPPESAALC), as well as regional and national fisheries-related organizations in the Latin American and Caribbean regions to:(i) apply CBD criteria for the identification of OECMs;(ii) understand the challenges, opportunities and needs that arise in the identification of fisheries‑related OECMs; and(iii) synthesize lessons learned and obtain recommendations.To achieve these objectives, topics discussed included: concepts and criteria for the identification, evaluation and reporting of OECMs; examples of OECMs in the world; conservation strategies in Latin America and the potential contribution of OECMs to these; the framework for fisheries governance and area-based management in Latin America; Argentina’s progress in recognizing OECMs; and the presentation of four case studies carried out in Chile, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Mexico. The workshop enabled extensive exchanges on the difficulties of interpreting the concepts and criteria for the identification, evaluation, and reporting of OECMs, as well as the key points, challenges, and difficulties in analysing and considering potential OECMs.
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    Report of the expert meeting on fisheries-related other effective area-based conservation measures in the Mediterranean 2023
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    The expert meeting on fisheries-related other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) in the Mediterranean was co-organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) and held online from 16 to 17 February 2022. It sought to establish a way forward for identifying fisheries-related OECMs in the Mediterranean region and provide technical input to prepare and test FAO’s practical guidance for the establishment and management of OECMs in marine fisheries. The main points covered during the expert meeting included: introducing participants to the OECM concept; the initial application of the criteria for OECMs, as determined by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to a set of case studies and fisheries-related measures in the region; the compilation and discussion of main challenges related to the application of the criteria, with initial recommendations on how to address them; an initial screening of eight Mediterranean case studies against the OECM criteria; agreement on next steps to undertake a more in-depth evaluation of the case studies presented for discussions during GFCM subregional committee meetings; and the assessment of the implications, opportunities and potential difficulties that arise from identifying fishery-related OECMs in the Mediterranean.
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    A handbook for identifying, evaluating and reporting other effective area-based conservation measures in marine fisheries 2022
    Around the globe, fisheries managers strives to practise effective management that provides a clear path towards conserving ocean biodiversity while contributing to human well-being. A wide range of area-based fisheries management tools achieve positive biodiversity outcomes. Many also conform to the definition, criteria, and guidance on ‘other effective area-based conservation measures’ (OECMs) developed by the Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of Parties. In a fisheries context, OECMs are established, spatially defined management and/or conservation measures other than protected areas, which produce positive, long-term and in situ biodiversity outcomes, in addition to the intended fishery outcomes. However, considerable confusion abounds with regard to which measures qualify as OECMs. This handbook, the first product published under the FAO Fisheries OECM series, aims to promote practical guidance on issues related to Fisheries OECMs, describes key characteristics of Fisheries OECMs and outlines a basic process for identifying, evaluating and reporting OECMs in marine fisheries in order to encourage global recognition of the role that fisheries management plays in biodiversity conservation.

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