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Forest change in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS)










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    Book (stand-alone)
    Understanding the impact of planted forest on smallholder livestock farmers and their livelihoods in the Greater Mekong Subregion 2021
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    Significant forest change in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) has resulted in deforestation of primary forests and expansion of plantation forests. Although plantation forest development benefits rural communities through income generation and employment opportunities, there have been negative impacts, including reductions in livestock grazing land and collection of non-timber forest products. This study analysed the association between primary forests, plantation forests, grazing areas and large ruminant populations in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam. The report showed that livestock populations in the GMS are dynamic and have been under pressure due to enhanced trade and demand in red meat in China and Viet Nam, with a generally positive association between planted forest areas and populations of cattle and buffalo in Lao PDR and Viet Nam indicated. Tree plantations were an important source of income and generally perceived as having a positive impact on rural livelihoods, despite negatively impacts in grazing land availability. It is recommended that integrative approaches that include the collection of household level data to assess the impact on smallholder livelihoods and the collection of regional level data to capture forest changes in future forest assessments, enabling a more comprehensive understanding of the association between primary forests and planted forest on smallholder livestock production. Silvopastoral models have the potential to provide more viable and sustainable alternatives to the current forestry and livestock production models, supporting the transformation to more sustainable agriculture for better production, better environment, and sustainable development goals in GMS countries and beyond.
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    Assessing the Protection of Forest-based Environmental Services in the Greater Mekong Subregion 2009
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    This paper examines the drivers of deforestation and the loss of forest services, and the various mechanisms that exist to protect forests in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). In most cases policy mechanisms play a greater role in forest protection than payment for environmental services (PES) which has yet to develop in the subregion. Scenarios presented suggest that higher income countries will have much greater scope in protecting forest environmental services that low income countries.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Forests and forestry in the Greater Mekong Subregion to 2020
    Subregional report of the second Asia-Pacific forestry sector outlook study
    2011
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    In the 12 years since the first Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study was completed in 1998, the region has experienced tremendous changes in nearly every aspect. These changes have been particularly profound in the forestry sector, where society has dramatically increased its demands and expanded its expectation of forests and forestry. This subregional report for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) summarizes the key findings and results collated under the second Asia-Pacific Forestry S ector Outlook Study - a comprehensive effort spanning nearly four years and involving all member countries of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission. The current report synthesizes observations and findings from five GMS country reports, numerous thematic reports and a wide ranging review of current and past publications in providing analyses of the status and trends of forests and forestry in the GMS. The publication also analyses key factors driving changes in forestry in the region and sets out four scenarios for 2020: Hard times, Slow and steady, Overburn and Living on the edge. The report also outlines priorities and strategies to move the subregion's forestry sector onto a more sustainable footing and to provide continued benefits to future generations.

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