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Supporting Sustainable Development Goal SDG 2.1 Monitoring by Strengthening Food Security and Nutrition Information in Africa GCP/GLO/943/JP

Improving data collection and analysis to monitor progress towards the SDG targets using robust, statistically sound indicators for food and nutrition security









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    Supporting Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2.1 Monitoring by Strengthening Food Security and Nutrition Information in Africa - GCP/GLO/943/JPN 2023
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    As African countries race against time to end hunger by 2030, improved country data is critical in tracking progress toward achieving Sustainable Development Goals 2 on zero hunger, nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. The indicators used to monitor progress towards achievement of SDG 2 is the Prevalence of Undernourishment (PoU) and the Prevalence of moderate and severe food insecurity based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). However, the quality of data produced by countries that is necessary to produce these indicators has historically been limited. Through the FAO implemented project, the capacity of benefiting countries to capacities to collect, analyze and monitor data on food and nutrition security using standardized tools has improved. Reports on Food and Nutrition Security have been produced using the FAO methodologies and tools.
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    Book (series)
    Africa - Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2023
    Statistics and trends
    2023
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    Africa is facing a food crisis of unprecedented proportions. Millions are expected to be at risk of worsening hunger in the near future due to the rippling effects of the war in Ukraine, which are compounding the devastating impacts that conflicts, climate variability and extremes, economic slowdowns and downturns, and the aftereffects of the COVID-19 pandemic are having on the most vulnerable. In this context, social and gender inequalities are also on the rise, with women and girls being among the most affected by these shocks.Despite efforts made in several countries, the African continent is not on track to meet the food security and nutrition targets of the Sustainable Development Goal 2 on Zero Hunger for 2030, and certainly the Malabo targets of ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2025. The most recent estimates show that nearly 282 million people in Africa (about 20 percent of the population) were undernourished in 2022, an increase of 57 million people since the COVID-19 pandemic began. About 868 million people were moderately or severely food-insecure and more than one-third of them – 342 million people – were severely food-insecure.The present edition of the report presents the latest analysis of the prevalence and trends in undernourishment, food insecurity, and malnutrition. In addition, it includes, for the first time, estimates of the cost and affordability of a healthy diet, which are useful indicators of people’s economic access to nutritious foods and healthy diets.The deterioration of the food security situation and the lack of progress towards the WHO global nutrition targets make it imperative for countries to step up their efforts ifthey are to achieve a world without hunger and malnutrition by 2030. The call for greater action remains true in view of the projected lower rate of economic growth, high general andfood price inflation, and raising borrowing costs on domestic and international markets since 2022.
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    Project
    Strengthening Capacity to Generate and Analyse Data on Food Security and Nutrition in African Countries - GCP/GLO/943/JPN 2023
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    As African countries strive to end hunger by 2030, improved country data is critical in tracking progress towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 ₋ “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture”. The indicators used to monitor progress towards the achievement of SDG 2 are the prevalence of undernourishment (PoU) and the prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). However, the quality of data that are necessary to produce these indicators has historically been limited. This hinders the ability to evaluate and implement effective policies to eliminate hunger and ensure food security in many African countries. Against this background, the project aimed to address the core problem of limited data quality by improving survey design, data collection methods and data analysis capacities in four target countries (Angola, Mali, Senegal, United Republic of Tanzania), using robust and reliable measurement methodologies and indicators to inform policy-making and reporting on SDG 2.

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