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Access and benefit-sharing and genetic resources for food and agriculture: typology of country measures

Supplement I










FAO. 2024. Access and benefit-sharing and genetic resources for food and agriculture: typology of country measures. Supplement I. Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome.






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    Survey of access and benefit-sharing country measures accommodating the distinctive features of genetic resources for food and agriculture and associated traditional knowledge
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    The Commission, at its Seventeenth Regular Session, requested its Secretary to prepare, for review by the Commission’s intergovernmental technical working groups: an up-to-date survey of existing legislative, administrative and policy approaches, including best practices, for access and benefit sharing (ABS) for the different subsectors of genetic resources for food and agriculture (GRFA) and traditional knowledge associated with GRFA held by Indigenous Peoples and local communities, with the aim of identifying typical approaches and lessons learned from their implementation, as well as challenges and possible solutions. The current survey comprises a baseline desktop review of legislation, policy and literature. It provides a review of how countries address the distinctive features of GRFA and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources for food and agriculture (TKGRFA) based on the letter of their ABS legislative, administrative and policy measures rather than on how these measures have been implemented in practice. It therefore does not provide an analysis of the state of implementation, the challenges involved and possible solutions to these challenges. As such, it aims to provide a basis for future empirical research on how ABS measures work in practice for GRFA subsectors. A specific objective is to provide a typology of legislative, administrative and policy measures applying to ABS for GRFA and TKGRFA.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    ABS Elements: Elements to facilitate domestic implementation of access and benefit-sharing for different subsectors of genetic resources for food and agriculture with explanatory notes 2019
    The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity has been hailed as a giant step towards the implementation of the third objective of the Convention: the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to them. Implementing this third objective is intended to contribute to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components, the other two objectives of the Convention. The Protocol confronts policy-makers and administrators responsible for its implementation at the national level with a number of challenges. One of these challenges is the Protocol’s obligation to consider, in the development and implementation of access and benefit-sharing measures, the importance of genetic resources for food and agriculture and their special role for food security. The Elements to Facilitate Domestic Implementation of Access and Benefit-Sharing for Different Subsectors of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture aim to assist governments considering developing, adapting or implementing access and benefit-sharing measures, to take into account the importance of genetic resources for food and agriculture (GRFA), their special role for food security and the distinctive features of their different subsectors, while complying, as applicable, with international instruments. This publication contains the original ABS Elements as well as the explanatory notes describing, within the context of the ABS Elements, the distinctive features and specific practices of the different subsectors of GRFA. The explanatory notes were welcomed by the Commission and the FAO Conference in 2019.
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    Sustainable use and conservation of microorganisms of relevance to ruminant digestion 2024
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    The Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, at its Seventeenth Regular Session, adopted its Work Plan for the Sustainable Use and Conservation of Micro-organism and Invertebrate Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. In response to the workplan a study on the use and conservation of microorganisms relevant to ruminant digestion was prepared. The study aims to provide policymakers, researchers and livestock nutritionists and producers with: an introduction to microorganisms of relevance to ruminant digestion and their roles; an overview of trends in the diversity of microorganisms of relevance to ruminant digestion, the significance of these trends, and the factors driving them; an overview of the current status of the sustainable use and conservation of microorganisms of relevance to ruminant digestion worldwide; an overview of the current status of policies, legislation and institutional arrangements relevant to the management of microorganisms of relevance to ruminant digestion worldwide; an overview of organizations relevant to the sustainable use and conservation of microorganisms of relevance to ruminant digestion worldwide, covering gaps and weakness in terms of collaboration in this field, potential means of addressing these gaps and weakness, and an overview of potential ways in which the Commission and its Members could contribute to addressing gaps and weaknesses in the sustainable use and conservation of microorganisms of relevance to ruminant digestion.

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