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Drought in the Horn of Africa: Revised rapid response and mitigation plan to avert a humanitarian catastrophe

January–December 2022










FAO. 2022. Drought in the Horn of Africa: Revised rapid response and mitigation plan to avert a humanitarian catastrophe – January–December 2022. First revision. Rome.




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    Booklet
    Drought in the Horn of Africa – Rapid response and mitigation plan to avert a humanitarian catastrophe
    January–June 2022
    2022
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    The Horn of Africa is facing the third severe La Niña‑induced drought episode in a decade, and the region is on the verge of a catastrophe if humanitarian assistance is not urgently scaled up. Drought is particularly impacting Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia and exacerbating the humanitarian situation in a region characterized by underlying vulnerabilities and already suffering from the impact of multiple shocks since late 2019. These include a desert locust upsurge (the first in 70 years), the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19) pandemic and its socioeconomic implications, abnormally high food prices, and protracted conflict and insecurity. Drought is among the most devastating of natural hazards – crippling food production, depleting pastures, disrupting markets, and, at its most extreme, causing widespread human and animal deaths. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) rapid response and mitigation plan for the Horn of Africa describe the set of activities that should be prioritized from the recent Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs) for Ethiopia and Somalia, as well as those included in the Kenya Drought Flash Appeal, in order to save the livelihoods and therefore the lives of 1.5 million rural people across the three countries. The timeframe for the plan is January to June 2022 (six months). FAO is urgently requesting USD 129.9 million to provide critical assistance to rural populations, prevent the further worsening of hunger and malnutrition, safeguard livelihoods, as well as prevent displacement and further increases in humanitarian needs in 2022.
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    Booklet
    Drought in the Horn of Africa: Progress report on the rapid response and mitigation plan to avert a humanitarian catastrophe (January–December 2022) 2023
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    This progress report details FAO’s work to mitigate the impact of the worst drought in 40 years on food security and livelihoods in the Horn of Africa in 2022. Partners have been generous, contributing USD 120 million towards FAO's Revised rapid response and mitigation plan to avert a humanitarian catastrophe (January–December 2022) through a mix of new allocations and reprogramming existing interventions. With these funds, FAO has been able to provide essential, life-saving, livelihoods assistance to more than 3.6 million people in the region. Thanks to FAO’s support, over 2.7 million children had access to a cup of milk each day.
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    Newsletter
    GIEWS Special Alert No. 350 - Somalia, 27 September 2022
    Unless humanitarian assistance is urgently scaled up, famine is expected in late 2022 due to unprecedented multi‑season drought
    2022
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    Famine is expected to occur in Bay Region between October and December 2022, if humanitarian assistance is not urgently scaled up. About 6.7 million people, over 40 percent of the total population, are projected to face severe acute food insecurity, including over 300 000 people in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe). The dire food insecurity situation is the consequence of a prolonged drought that began in late 2020, compounded by the protracted conflict and hikes in international prices of foodstuffs and fuel caused by the war in Ukraine. As meteorological forecasts point to below-average October–December 2022 “Deyr” rains, food security conditions are expected to deteriorate.

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