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FAO/AFIS South Sudan Crop Watch-September 2015










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    Book (stand-alone)
    Special Report FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to South Sudan 2016
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    The Mission estimated the 2015 net cereal production in the traditional sector at about 921 000 tonnes, about 9 percent below the 2014 very good output, but still about 16 percent above the last five-year average production. Despite some dry spells between May and August, seasonal rains in 2015 have been generally abundant and prolonged until December. Major reductions in output have been reported in Western Bahr el Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria states due to unfavourable rainfall as well as in W estern Equatoria State due to the disruption of cropping activities following worsening security conditions. The overall cereal deficit in January-December 2016 marketing year is estimated at about 380 000 tonnes, over 130 000 tonnes higher than the deficit estimated for 2015. About 12 percent of the population was estimated to be severely food insecure at end of 2015, a record level during the harvest period. Food security worsened not only in conflict affected areas of Greater Upper Nile Regi on, but also in other states as a consequence of the economic downturn and skyrocketing prices which limited access to food for most households. In 2016, WFP plans to assist 3 million people providing about 315 000 tonnes of food. Although a large component addresses the needs of people directly affected by conflict in the Greater Upper Nile Region, WFP assistance will also focus on school feeding, nutrition interventions and food for assets programs. The Mission stressed that the achievement o f a stable and lasting peace is paramount in order to progress in terms of agricultural development and improving food security. In order to strengthen local production and reduce the food gap in 2017, FAO’s emergency response will assist over 3 million people with agricultural inputs (often through a system of seed fairs and vouchers) to support planting activities, as well as vegetable and fishing kits, and livestock vaccination/treatment. Moreover, FAO is implementing several resilience build ing programs in the Greater Equatoria and Bahr El Ghazal regions.
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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION REPORT - October 2000 2000
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    Precipitation was generally widespread and abundant over the main agricultural zones of the Sahel in July and early August, but decreased from late August to early September over the eastern half of the Sahel. It picked up in mid-September and remained generally normal to above normal until late September, except in Chad. Harvest prospects are favourable in the western countries of the Sahel and mixed in the eastern part. Above average or record crops are anticipated in The Gambia, Senegal, Maur itania and Mali. Production will increase in Guinea Bissau. Growing conditions improved in Cape Verde following recent heavy rains. In the centre of the Sahel, harvest prospects are favourable in the south and the south-west of Burkina Faso but unfavourable in the centre, the east and the north. In Niger, crops have been affected by reduced rains in late August/early September, but overall, an average harvest is anticipated. In Chad, harvest prospects are unfavourable in the Sahelian zone and mi xed in the Sudanian zone. Satellite images for early October show that cloud coverage is moving southwards, which is normal. However, it is still raining in southern Senegal, southern Chad, central Niger and some areas of Mali and Burkina Faso. Harvesting of maize and early millet has started in some countries. Crops are generally developing satisfactorily in the western half of the Sahel region while improved rains in mid-September benefited crops affected by dry spells earlier in central and eastern Burkina Faso, most parts of Niger and the Sahelian zone of Chad.
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    Document
    Plan of Action for Southern Sudan. Emergency response and rehabilitation for food and agriculture August 2010 – August 2012 2010
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    Food insecurity and poverty are widespread across Southern Sudan, linked to decades of civil conflict, the disruption and loss of economic activities, displacement of a significant portion of the population, lack of basic infrastructure and the erosion of livelihood options. Southern Sudan faces one of the worst humanitarian and food-security situations in the world, with at least 1.5 million people relying on external assistance to meet their food needs. Traditional livelihood systems are root ed in the agriculture sector, employing a mix of livestock and crop production, fishing, wild food collection and trade. With about 80 percent of the population relying on agricultural production to meet their food and income needs, the role of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) – the United Nations agency with the mandate for agriculture and rural development – is critical in strengthening the agriculture sector and contributing to wider peacebuilding efforts. In this Plan of Action (PoA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) outlines its emergency and rehabilitation programme for Southern Sudan in 2010–12. It does not include FAO’s long-term development programme, but is designed to complement the Organization’s ongoing development activities, as well as the interventions of United Nations agencies, Government and other partners which aim to mitigate the effects of recurrent crises while addressing their root causes. The ov erall purpose of the PoA is to improve preparedness and to make short-term responses in food and agriculture more effective. The programme relies heavily on a disaster risk management approach to the complex situation in Southern Sudan. This approach focuses on emergency relief, such as replacing lost assets or restoring livelihoods, as well as on early efforts as part of risk reduction that protect and sustain livelihoods. Such interventions can often be more effective than those delayed until people are in crisis. Given the complex and protracted nature of the crisis in Southern Sudan, FAO’s relief and recovery programming is enhanced by interventions that not only restore, but also protect and promote livelihoods in food and agriculture. The proposed priorities in this PoA will help FAO, its counterparts and partners to meet short-term needs in ways that strengthen the resilience of communities and lead to more effective and longer-term recovery. The three key areas of focus propose d in this PoA are based on an analysis of the current situation and of the main factors triggering food insecurity and assessments identifying and targeting vulnerable groups. These are: (i) improving food production; (ii) improving food accessibility; and (iii) improving agricultural productivity. These priorities have been expanded into fourteen sectoral programmes that detail the activities to be implemented by FAO in Southern Sudan to achieve the expected outcomes and address the specific ne eds identified in the five priority states of Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Northern Bahr el-Ghazal, Upper Nile and Warrap. The total budget for the PoA 2010–12 is USD 67 821 864.

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