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Achieving SDG 2 without breaching the 1.5 °C threshold: A global roadmap, Part 1

How agrifood systems transformation through accelerated climate actions will help achieving food security and nutrition, today and tomorrow, In brief








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FAO. 2023. Achieving SDG 2 without breaching the 1.5 °C threshold: A global roadmap, Part 1 – How agrifood systems transformation through accelerated climate actions will help achieving food security and nutrition, today and tomorrow, In brief. Rome.



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    Meeting
    Update on the development of the new FAO Strategy on Climate Change
    Thirty-session Session of the FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific (APRC 36)
    2022
    The need to address climate change impacts in agri-food systems has never been clearer. In the face of increasing extreme climate events around the globe, including extreme precipitation, heatwaves and droughts, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report “Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis” warns of unequivocal, unprecedented, irreversible trends which increasingly put the planet and humanity in peril. Urgent action is required now by all nations if we are to keep warming within 2 ºC or, if still possible, within 1.5 ºC. At the same time, we need to make our systems resilient to the climate changes that are already unavoidable in coming years. Action at global, regional, national and local levels in agri-food systems, including in crops, livestock, forests, fisheries and related value chains, is a fundamental component of climate action because agri-food systems are heavily affected by climate change and at the same time, could be responsible for 21-37 percent of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (IPCC). FAO needs to strengthen its contribution to the global climate agenda and support countries in transforming their agri-food systems, to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including eradication of hunger. The implementation of the existing FAO Strategy on Climate Change (2017) and FAO’s general contribution to climate action (SDG 13) were subject to an evaluation whose recommendations were approved at the 166th Session of the Council. As per Recommendation 2 of the Evaluation, the development of a new FAO Strategy on Climate Change has been launched and an informal consultation with Members was organized on 8 September 2021, where they reiterated the urgency to act and confirmed their commitment to the Strategy development process. The development of the new Strategy will be a stepwise process building on the 2017 FAO Strategy on Climate Change and the latest scientific evidence. It will include a Theory of Change to take FAO climate action beyond ‘business as usual’.
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    Document
    Special event of the FAO Science and Innovation Forum - Food Loss and Waste reduction: how can we better integrate science and innovation in our actions?
    19 October 2022, 11:00 - 12:45
    2022
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    Significant levels of food loss and waste (FLW) occur in the food supply chain from production to consumption. Globally, up to 14 percent of food produced for human consumption is lost from harvest up to but excluding retail, while 17 percent is wasted at the retail and consumer stages. FLW have negative impacts on food security and nutrition, occurring within a context where some 828 million people in the world are undernourished and 3.1 billion cannot afford a healthy diet. FLW contribute significantly to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, to environmental pollution, degradation of natural ecosystems and biodiversity loss, and represent a waste of the resources used in food production, such as energy, water and land. Reducing FLW helps address the challenge of promoting economic prosperity and sustainably feeding a world population projected to reach almost 10 billion in 2050, without accentuating pressure on the environment and the natural resources underpinning the agri-food system. Science and context-specific innovations are critical to catalyse, support and accelerate the transformation of agri-food systems to improve their efficiency, sustainability, inclusiveness and resilience, thereby leading to FLW reduction and contributing to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Innovations in this context include innovations in the policy, regulatory and institutional framework, as well as innovations in technologies, social and market relationships, finance products and business models that contribute to reducing FLW in a sustainable way (economically, socially and environmentally). On the other hand, science generates new insights and the basis for these innovations, while also serving to identify targets and actions for pathways towards reaching those targets. We need to capitalize on scientific and technological advancements to transform agri-food systems to be more efficient, resilient, sustainable and inclusive, leaving no one behind. Organized within the framework of FAO Science & Innovation Forum 2022, this event will gather perspectives and experiences from stakeholders from different parts of the world regarding applying science and leveraging innovation to sustainably reduce food loss and waste (FLW). The event will also discuss possible response options and make concrete recommendations to achieve lower levels of FLW at scale within a sustainable agri-food systems context.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Promoting inclusive climate actions in agrifood systems 2023
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    Agrifood systems are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, while at the same time they are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change could push an additional 100 million people into extreme poverty by 2030 and result in more than 216 million people migrating within their own region by 2050. The most affected are small-scale producers and vulnerable rural populations including women, youth and Indigenous Peoples, who are most dependent on these resources for their livelihoods. Yet, poverty and other forms of marginalization often prevent vulnerable rural people from adapting to and mitigating climate change. As a result, this can exacerbate already existing socio-economic inequalities and undermine global efforts to reduce poverty and hunger. The transformation of agrifood systems in rural areas through inclusive and gender-responsive policies and programmes is essential to effectively address the global climate crisis in a just and sustainable manner.

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