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Dairy development institutions in East Africa. Lessons learned and options







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    Options for low emission development in the Tanzania dairy sector - reducing enteric methane for food security and livelihoods 2019
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    Given the importance of the dairy sector to livelihoods and its potential role in poverty reduction, this study evaluates the potential for improving milk production while reducing enteric methane (CH4) emission intensity from dairy production in Tanzania. The study reveals that improved management practices and technologies can increase milk productivity while reducing methane emission intensity in both traditional and improved dairy systems. The economic analysis shows that in improved systems, all interventions assessed were cost-beneficial, however the analysis indicates that in traditional systems, both the baseline scenario and mitigation options present economic returns of less than 1. Although the economic analysis might not directly support the application of mitigation practices in traditional systems, the study does not exclude the importance of mitigation action focusing specifically on traditional systems since their existence and persistence is already threated by the effects of climatic variability and climate change. All the mitigation options analyzed in this study presented significant gains in productivity, which in practice can generate improvements in food and nutrition security, as well as boost farmers’ incomes. Moreover, some of the mitigation options can maintain and/or improve herd parameters, feed resources and water supply during and after climate shocks, supporting these systems to move from relief to resilience.
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    Gender assessment of dairy value chains: Evidence from Kenya 2017
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    Well-designed dairy development programmes can improve the income and nutrition of poor households, as well as providing decent employment in milk processing and marketing. A review of evidence on the importance of livestock for women argued that despite two-thirds of the world's poor livestock keepers being women, little research has been conducted in recent years on rural women's role in livestock keeping and the opportunities livestock-related interventions could offer them. The report review s gender and socio-economic aspects of dairy value chain supplied by small-holder producers, including employment issues. The objective of the present study was to assess the extent to which gender inclusiveness can be built into the development of dairy value chains in Kenya and to formulate recommendations accordingly. The assessment was conducted by a national consultant under the overall supervision of an international senior consultant, the FAO ESP gender team in Rome, and with the collabor ation of the FAO Representation in Kenya.
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    Dairy development in Pakistan
    Dairy Reports
    2011
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    This report analyses the situation and development of the dairy sector in Pakistan based on literature review, statistical data and the information collected for the project “Assistance in up-scaling dairy development in Pakistan” (TCP/PAK/3004). Chapter 1 gives a synopsis of the contribution to the economy of livestock, in general, and of milk in particular. It provides an overview of the dairy production systems in the country, and includes up-to-date data on livestock population, annual mil k production and annual yields, along with imports of milk, and consumer preferences. It also presents a summary of the dairy sector’s contribution to the national economy. Chapter 2 discusses the environmental consequences of dairy production, and the level of understanding and awareness of these. Chapter 3 outlines the importance of dairy production and its critical role in the economy of poor households. It highlights current development trends and programmes in the pipeline for the improvement of dairy production in Pakistan. Chapter 4 reviews major food safety issues associated with the dairy supply chain in Pakistan. It also presents food safety legislation and regulation, enforcement, and the limitations in this area. Chapter 5 identifies several public and private sector institutions and the institutional arrangements that serve different components of dairy development. Chapter 6 provides an in-depth analysis of the dairy value chain, including production, bulki ng and cooling, processing and packaging, transport, and distribution and retailing. Chapter 7 draws conclusions from the study and suggests recommendations based on the findings.

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