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Land-water linkages in rural watersheds











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    Payment schemes for environmental services in watersheds 2004
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    Payment schemes for environmental services (PES) are innovative instruments for natural resources management which are increasingly being applied in Latin America. In a watershed context, PES schemes generally involve the implementation of market mechanisms to compensate upstream landowners in order to maintain or modify a particular land use that is affecting the availability and/or quality of the water resources for downstream users. The Regional Forum on Payment Schemes for Environmental Serv ices in Watersheds was held during the Third Latin American Congress on Watershed Management (Arequipa, Peru, 9–13 June 2003) to exchange experiences with these schemes in Latin America and to formulate recommendations for the economic valuation of water-related services, as well as the design and execution of PES schemes in watersheds. This report summarizes the lessons and recommendations of the forum. The complete documentation, including 19 papers, 22 presentations and case studies, is inclu ded on the CD-ROM that accompanies this publication.
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    Equitable payments for watershed services: Financing conservation and development in Tanzania
    Overview
    2014
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    EPWS begins with the identification of a water problem (quantity and/or quality) downstream. this problem has significant financial impact for water users (domestic, industrial, commercial). causes of the problem are located upstream as a consequence of unsustainable land use (subsistence agriculture) by poor farmers who degrade the ecosystem.
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    Policy experiment of transboundary watershed management of the Xin'an River, China
    Overview
    2014
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    As part of the efforts of China to establish eco-compensation mechanisms at multiple scales, the pilot project of Compensation for Water Environment of the Xin’an River has set a good example of reaching an agreement between downstream and upstream provinces by means of negotiations and using a carrot-and-stick mechanism to ensure the conditionality of the payment scheme.

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