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Early action against dzud safeguards herders’ livelihoods in Mongolia

Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief No. 15











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    Booklet
    Mongolia: Impact of Early Warning Early Action
    Protecting herder livelihoods ahead of a dzud winter
    2018
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    There is evidence that the intensity and frequency of climate-driven natural disasters and conflicts are increasing. Natural disasters now occur nearly five times as often as 40 years ago. The impact on local economies, on people's livelihoods and on lives has similarly grown. In some of the worst-hit places, it can seem unrelenting. One drought will follow another, every time stripping away the limited assets of poor and vulnerable people, robbing them of their self-reliance and wounding their humanity and dignity. Globally, expanding needs, competing priorities and limited resources mean that new tools are essential to make interventions as wisely and effectively as possible, to ensure that the impacts of crises are limited before they can grow into even more costly humanitarian disasters. Carefully timed support also protects and empowers people the most, giving them the confidence to keep going or to resume their livelihoods. Investing in early action means FAO can help shelter longer-term development gains and increase resilience. Working with national governments and humanitarian, development and scientific partners, FAO’s Early Warning Early Action approach monitors risk information systems and translates warnings into anticipatory actions. Every quarter, FAO’s Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture ranks risks by their likelihood and potential impact and identifies the best interventions. Then, FAO’s Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA), can release money from its early action window. The funds back tailored plans which are rapidly put into place, drawing on FAO’s greatest asset: its technical knowledge and expertise in supporting rural livelihoods. Early actions are varied and flexible, ranging from cash transfers for fishing communities to safely store their nets ahead of an impending cyclone, to livestock treatments for herders as a drought intensifies, to flood defences before a severe rainy season to protect crops. This study analyses the outcomes of targeted early actions in Mongolia in the winter of 2017 to 2018, triggered by warnings that extreme weather posed a major risk to vulnerable livestock herders. It evaluates their effectiveness and quantifies the benefits of acting early.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Mongolia: Anticipating the 2020 dzud 2020
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    This overview showcases how FAO and IFRC anticipated a harsh winter season (known locally as a dzud) in Mongolia. In early 2020, both agencies implemented anticipatory actions triggered by warnings that extreme weather posed a major risk to vulnerable livestock herders. It highlights the projects achievements and the collaboration efforts.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FbF (Forecast-based Financing) Webinar III: From Early Warning to Early Action in Mongolia - Bracing for the cold to protect livestock and livelihoods
    Webinar report - 18 July 2018
    2018
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    Acting early before a disaster is critical: it can save lives and protect livelihoods from the immediate shocks as well as protecting longer term development gains by increasing the resilience of local communities over time. A growing body of evidence also supports the cost effectiveness of this approach. A recent contribution to this repository of knowledge is study of the 2017/2018 localized dzud event in Mongolia, where FAO and the Mongolian Red Cross Society implemented early actions to protect herder livelihoods.

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